Presentation on theme: "Community Interaction 14.2 14.2 Community Interactions when organisms live together in an ecological community they interact constantly. Three types."— Presentation transcript:
14.2 Community Interactions when organisms live together in an ecological community they interact constantly. Three types of interactions –Competition –Predation –Symbiosis
Competition- competing for resources ooccurs due to a limited number of resources RResource- any necessity of life. water, nutrients, light, food. CCompetitive exclusion principle- no two species can occupy the same niche in the same habitat at the same time
Symbiosis Symbiosis- any relationship where two species live closely together. (3 types) –Mutualism –Commensalism –Parasitism
Symbiosis Mutualism- both species benefit from a relationship. Lichens (fungus and Algae) One example is the lichens, little non-descript patches of stuff you see growing on rocks and tree bark. This is a symbiosis, consisting of a fungus and an alga. The fungus provides a protective home for the algae, and gathers mineral nutrients from rainwater and from dissolving the rock underneath. The alga gathers energy from the sun. There are thousands of species of lichen in the world; actually thousands of species of fungi with just a few species of algae which can form a partnership with almost any of them.
Mutualism example: Cleaner birds and Crocodiles
Symbiosis Commensalism – One member of a symbiotic relationship benefits and the other is neither helped or harmed Ex. Holes used by bluebirds in a tree were chiseled out by woodpeckers after it has been abandoned