Presentation on theme: "Go to the Writing Conventions Section in your ELAR notebook!!"— Presentation transcript:
Go to the Writing Conventions Section in your ELAR notebook!!
Warm Up—9/11 Directions: (1) Write the type of sentence. (2) IF there is a prepositional phrase, WRITE IT!! EX: type of sentence; prepositional phrase 1.Amanda abruptly left class when she found out she had received a low grade on her science project. 2.When difficult situations occur, music has a way of calming me down. 3.Our new television has a very clear picture. 4. I live down the street from the newest Walmart.
Warm Up—9/11 Directions: (1) Write the type of sentence. (2) IF there is a prepositional phrase, WRITE IT!! 1.Amanda abruptly left class when she found out she had received a low grade on her science project. complex; [on her science project] 2. When difficult situations occur, music has a way of calming me down. complex 3. Our new television has a very clear picture. simple 4. I live down the street from the newest Walmart. simple; [down the street] [from the newest Walmart]
Complex Sentences ONE independent clause (that expresses one complete thought) + ONE (or more) dependent clauses that cannot stand alone but has a subject and a predicate. _________________________________________ A COMPLEX SENTENCE
Subordinating Conjunctions In complex sentences, subordinating conjunctions begin the dependent clause. They begin dependent clauses in complex sentences. after all of which although as as if as soon as at because before by even if even though for if in case in order that in the event that no matter what none of which only if since so that some of whom that though unless until when whenever wherever whether or not which while who whom whose
FYI: Subordinating Conjunctions ** Subordinating conjunctions are words that may play other roles in sentences. For example, for is also used as a coordinating conjunction (and proper punctuation) to combine independent clauses. Refer to the S.A.M. sheet. ** When forming a complex sentence, remember they are being used to begin a dependent clause and nothing else.
Complex Sentences Formulas: Dependent (,) + Independent = Complex EX. 1: Until I complete the current project, I cannot begin another one. ____________________________________________________ Independent + Dependent = Complex EX. 2: I cannot begin another project until I complete this one.
EXAMPLES EX. 1: Until I complete the current project, I cannot begin another one. In Example 1, please note that a comma comes after the INTRODUCTORY PHRASE (or dependent clause) separating the introductory phrase (or dependent clause) from the independent clause. ____________________________________________________________ EX. 2: I cannot begin another project until I complete this one. In Example 2, please note that NO comma appears to separate the dependent clause from the independent clause because the dependent clause appears AT THE END of the complex sentence.
Complex Sentences—Steps to Use BECAUSE it is easy to confuse a complex sentence with a simple sentence, follow these steps to ensure you have identified a complex sentence. ________________________________________________________ SEARCH for subordinating conjunctions in the sentences. BOX the subordinating conjunction. IDENTIFY and label the dependent clause DC. IDENTIFY and label the independent clause IC. TEST the sentence by changing it around—write it the opposite way. o If the overall meaning of the sentence does NOT change, you have a complex sentence. o If the overall meaning of the sentence does change, you do not have a complex sentence.