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Succession Justin Brown 13th Wentworth Selborne Chambers.

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Presentation on theme: "Succession Justin Brown 13th Wentworth Selborne Chambers."— Presentation transcript:

1 Succession Justin Brown 13th Wentworth Selborne Chambers

2 Contact Please leave return number in the email

3 Assignment Worth 20% of final mark – 1500 words – Compulsory – Released Week 2 – Expected 50% – Deemed 40-49% can sit exam – Less than 40% not eligible – Due 16 July 2014

4 Introduction To Succession Topics to be covered – Intestate Succession – Definition and Nature of Will – The Mental Element Testamentary Capacity Knowledge and Approval Fraud and Undue Influence Lack of Testamentary Intention

5 Introduction to Succession Formal Requirements – Form and manner of execution of wills – Gifts to interested witness – The judicial dispensing power – Incorporation by reference

6 Introduction to Succession The rectification power Revocation – Involuntary (marriage) – Voluntary Revocation Another will By writing By destruction

7 Introduction to Succession Alterations Republication and Revival Jurisdiction of Probate Court Estate Pending grants of Representation – NSWTAG – Executor de son tort

8 Introduction to Succession Some Powers and duties of a Legal Personal Representative – Disposal of the body – Commencement and termination of the authority of a legal personal representative – Executors Commission – Special Pleas and Immunities

9 Introduction to Succession Administration of Solvent Estates Family Provision

10 Introduction to Succession Why is this area of law so important – Growing – Ageing population – Asset rich – Blended Families – Huge area of practice

11 Intestacy Chapter 4, Succession Act (NSW) 2006

12 Intestacy Definition: “An intestate is a person who dies and either does not leave a will or leaves a will but does not dispose effectively by will of all or part of his or her property”. Examples: Suzie dies never having made a will John dies having made a will which he revoked Samantha dies with a will that leaves a specific gift of her house to her mother. Ben dies having made a will but he did not have capacity to make a will

13 Must Survive Survivorship – The person is born before the intestate’s death and survives the intestate by at least 30 days – Gestation commenced before death of deceased and survives – Exception if estate to the crown Must survive to inherit

14 What is a Spouse -Married -Domestic Partnership Registered relationship, De facto relationship, » 2 years » Has resulted in the birth of a child. Interpretation Act 1987 (NSW) s21C: “A de facto relationship can exist even if one of the persons is legally married to someone else or in a registered relationship or interstate registered relationship with someone else”.

15 Intestacy Examples – Suzie is married to Jim – John is married to Elizabeth but has lived with Maria for 10 years – Ben is in a registered relationship with Mark but lives with Amy

16 Spouse’s Legacy – The CPI adjusted legacy is to be determined in accordance with the following formula: R= A (C/D) R represents the CPI adjusted legacy. A is $350,000. C represents the Consumer Price Index number for the last quarter for which such a number was published before the date on which the intestate died D represents the Consumer Price Index number for the December 2005 quarter. – As at December 2014, $437,708.83

17 Spouse Entitlements No issue, whole estate Issue, issue to spouse, whole estate Issue, but not issue to spouse: Personal Effects Spouse’s Legacy Half Residue

18 Spouse Examples Ben dies, Mary was his spouse, no children Ben dies, Mary and Ben had 3 children together Ben dies, Mary and Ben had 3 children, Ben has a love child

19 Children Adopted Child – Is child of adopted parents – Biological parent lose rights – Rights to adopted parents not biological rights Surrogacy Child – Parenting order – Surrogate child rights under order – No rights to biological parent

20 Issue’s Entitlement Spouse, all issue off spouse No spouse, Issue Spouse, Issue, not issue of spouse: – All issue receive half residue Issue have died, leaving issue – Issue’s issue take their share

21 Example of Issue’s Entitlement Ben dies, Mary and Ben had 3 children, Ben has a love child James, his wife Mary predeceased him and they leave four children, one child Sam has also died leaving 3 children

22 Who Else No spouse, issue = parents No spouse, Issue, parent = Brothers and Sisters – If a brother or sister predeceased leaving children they take their share

23 Who Else No spouse, issue, parent, brothers or sisters = grandparents No spouse, issue, parent, brothers or sister, grandparents = Aunts and Uncles – If an Uncle/Aunt predeceases then their children take their share (cousins)

24 May Take In Separate Capacity maternal aunt and paternal uncle had a child in common. The child of the union between the maternal aunt and the paternal uncle would be entitled to participate in the estate both as representative of the maternal aunt and as representative of the paternal uncle.

25 Indigenous Estate May apply for separate determination not in accordance with normal intestacy Laws, customs, traditions and practices to which the intestate belonged. Unless satisfied that the terms of the order are, in all the circumstances, just and equitable.

26 Absence of Persons State State has discretion: (a) dependants of the intestate, (b) any persons who have, in the Minister’s opinion, a just or moral claim on the intestate, (c) any organisation or person for whom the intestate might reasonably be expected to have made provision, (d) the trustees for any person or organisation mentioned above

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