4 I Guidelines Gathering essential facts 1) Keep only essential (=extremely important and necessary) facts and main actions (=the events in a story, film, play, etc.).2) Provide necessary background information (when and where the events happen, who was involved, etc.).3) Leave out unimportant actions and descriptions.4) Use indirect speech and straightforward language.Arrange the story in a story in chronological (time) order, that is, in the order in which the actions take place.
5 II Practice Activity 1 (P30-32) Practicing selecting essential facts Point out the main idea in the following short passages. Passage Passage 2Passage Passage 4
6 Activity 2 (P32-35) Summarizing 1) Read Peter Hamill’s “Going Home”, underlining facts in the story about Vingo.2) Answer these questions which will help you find essential facts.
7 III Writing Assignment (1) Write a summary of the first half of “Half a Day” (on page 17 ) in about 150 words.
9 I Guidelines 1. Paragraph unity A unified paragraph contains only sentences that explain or support the general statement made in the topic sentence. Any sentence that does not relate to(=is not connected in some way)the main idea will not develop it.
10 2. How to achieve paragraph unity a. Begin with a discussable point andexpress it in a topic sentence.b. Stick to the single point throughout, thatis, all other sentences should be about thispoint.c. Prove and develop the point; don’t merelyrepeat it.d. Link your sentences to make your ideaseasy to follow.
11 II PracticeActivity 1 (P35-37)Practicing paragraph unity1) Study the two passages below and point out which one is a better example of a unified paragraph.2) Study the passages, find the topic sentence and cross out sentences that do not relate to the central idea.
12 2) Read the second article and answer the questions. Activity 2 (P37-43)Reading on the subject1) Read the first article and answer the questions.2) Read the second article and answer the questions.
13 Questions to think about Activity 3 (P44-45)Reading from your peersQuestions to think aboutWhat is the main idea in each passage?How is the main idea supported in each passage?Which one do you like best? Why?
14 III Writing Assignment (2) Write a paragraph in about 150 words on the topic: What does home mean to me? You are to open the paragraph with a topic sentence explaining what home means to you. Then you are to support the central idea by giving an example or examples.