2 Advanced Accounting, Third Edition 16Partnerships LiquidationAdvanced Accounting, Third Edition
3 Learning ObjectivesDescribe the steps used to distribute available partnership assets in liquidation under the Uniform Partnership Act (UPA).List the order of priority for each class of creditors in partnership liquidation under the UPA.Prepare a liquidation schedule to settle debts and allocate assets.Prepare a “safe payment approach” liquidation schedule.Describe the four steps in the preparation of an advance plan for the distribution of cash in a partnership liquidation.Prepare the journal entries to incorporate a partnership.1. On the topic, “Challenges Facing Financial Accounting,” what did the AICPA Special Committee on Financial Reporting suggest should be included in future financial statements?Non-financial Measurements (customer satisfaction indexes, backlog information, and reject rates on goods purchases).Forward-looking InformationSoft Assets (a company’s know-how, market dominance, marketing setup, well-trained employees, and brand image).Timeliness (no real time financial information)
4 Steps in the Liquidation Process First Step: Compute net income or loss up to the date of dissolution.Second Step: Assets not acceptable for distribution in their present form are converted into cash.Final Step: Distribute available assets to creditors and partners.LO 1 Steps in the liquidation process.
5 Steps in the Liquidation Process Review QuestionThe first step in the liquidation process is toConvert noncash assets into cash.Pay partnership creditors.Compute any net income (loss) up to the date of dissolution.Allocate any gains or losses to the partners.LO 1 Steps in the liquidation process.
6 Steps in the Liquidation Process Liabilities rank in order of payment, as follows:Liabilities to creditors other than partners,Liabilities to partners other than for capital and profits (such as loans),Liabilities to partners in respect of capital,Liabilities to partners in respect of profits.LO 1 Steps in the liquidation process.
7 Priorities of Partnership and Personal Creditors UPA (Section 15) provides that partners are jointly liable for all contracts and other obligations of the partnership.Order of Priority concerning availability of assets:Partnership assetsPartnership creditors.Personal creditors that did not recover their claims in full from personal assets.Personal assetsPersonal creditors.Partnership creditors not satisfied from partnership assets.Claims of partnership against partner with deficit equity.LO 2 Order of priority for each class of creditors.
8 Priorities of Partnership and Personal Creditors Review:Personal assets are first allocated to partnership creditors and then to personal creditors.FalseTechnical Bulletins provide answers to specific questions related to the application and implementation of FASB Statement or Interpretations, APB Opinions, and ARBs. Technical Bulletins do not alter GAAP; they merely provide guidance on questions related to existing GAAP.LO 2 Order of priority for each class of creditors.
9 Priorities of Partnership and Personal Creditors Review QuestionIf a partner with a debit capital balance during liquidation is insolvent, the following results:The partner must borrow money to invest in the partnership.The partnership will give the partner cash to the extent of the partners’ debit balance.The partner’s debit balance will be allocated to the other partners.None of the above.LO 2 Order of priority for each class of creditors.
10 Priorities of Partnership and Personal Creditors Review QuestionIn accordance with the marshaling of assets provision of the Uniform Partnership Act, rank the following liabilities of a partnership in order of payment.$20,000 loan from B. Barry who is a partner.$30,000 of profits from the last year of operations.$3,000 payable to a supplier.$100,000 in capital balances of the partners.a. 2,3,4,1. c. 3,1,4,2.b. 4,2,1,3. d. 3,1,2,4.LO 2 Order of priority for each class of creditors.
11 Simple Liquidation Illustrated Exercise Pete, Tom, and Zack have operated a laundromat for 10 years. The partners, who share profits 4:3:3, respectively, decide to liquidate the partnership. The firm’s balance sheet just before the partners sell other assets for $30,000 is as follows:LO 3 Preparing a liquidation schedule.
12 Simple Liquidation Illustrated Exercise Determine the amount of cash each partner will receive in liquidation and how much cash each partner must invest in the firm, given their personal positions.LO 3 Preparing a liquidation schedule.
13 Simple Liquidation Illustrated Exercise Determine the amounts that the personal creditors will receive from personal assets and any distribution from the partnership.LO 3 Preparing a liquidation schedule.
14 Installment Liquidation Partners receive cash in installments beforeTotal liquidation losses andTotal cash available are known.LO 4 Safe payment approach.
15 Installment Liquidation Safe Payment ApproachBased on three assumptions:Loan to or from an individual partner will be combined with respective partner’s capital account.Remaining noncash assets will not provide any additional cash.Partner with a debit balance in capital account will be unable to pay amounts owed.A safe payment schedule is prepared each time cash is to be distributed.LO 4 Safe payment approach.
16 Installment Liquidation Exercise Following is the balance sheet of the BDO Partnership:Cash $ 10,000 Liabilities $ 18,000Accounts Receivable 40,000 Brink, Capital 45,000Inventory 30,000 Davis, Capital 27,000Equipment 60,000 Olsen, Capital 50,000$140,000 $140,000The partners share income 40:40:20, respectively. Assume that 70% of the receivables are collected and that inventory with a book value of $15,000 is sold for $10,000. All cash available at this time is to be distributed.LO 4 Safe payment approach.
17 Installment Liquidation Exercise Determine the proper distribution of cash, using the safe payment approach.LO 4 Safe payment approach.
18 Installment Liquidation Advance Plan for the Distribution of CashObjective is to derive the order and the amount of cash that should be distributed to each partner such that no partner receiving a cash distribution will have to make an additional investment.LO 5 Four steps in an advance plan.
19 Installment Liquidation Advance Plan for the Distribution of CashStep 1 Determine net capital interest of each partner.Step 2 Provide an order of cash distribution in which the ratio of partners’ capital interest will eventually be equal to their profit and loss ratio.Step 3 Determine the amount of cash to distribute to bring the ratios of their capital interests into alignment with their profit and loss ratios.Step 4 Prepare a cash distribution plan.LO 5 Four steps in an advance plan.
20 Installment Liquidation Problem Baker, Strong, and Weak have called on you to assist them in winding up the affairs of their partnership.1. The trial balance of the partnership at June 30, 2008, is:Debit CreditCash $ 6,000Accounts Receivable 22,000Inventory 14,000Plant and Equipment (net) 99,000Baker, Advance 12,000Weak, Advance 7,500Accounts Payable $ 17,000Baker, Capital 67,000Strong, Capital 45,000Weak, Capital 31,500Total $160,500 $160,500LO 5 Four steps in an advance plan.
21 Installment Liquidation Problem 16-52. The partners share profits and losses as follows: Baker, 40%; Strong, 40%; and Weak, 20%.3. The partners are considering an offer of $100,000 for the accounts receivable, inventory, and plant and equipment as of June 30. The $100,000 would be paid to the partners in installments, the number and amounts of which are to be negotiated.Required:Prepare an advance cash distribution plan as of June 30, Prepare a schedule to show how the potential cash ($106,000) would be distributed as it becomes available.LO 5 Four steps in an advance plan.
22 Installment Liquidation Problem 16-5Step 1 Determine net capital interest of each partner.LO 5 Four steps in an advance plan.
23 Installment Liquidation Problem 16-5Step 2 Provide an order of cash distribution in which the ratio of partners’ capital interest will eventually be equal to their profit and loss ratio.LO 5 Four steps in an advance plan.
24 Installment Liquidation Problem 16-5Step 3 Determine the amount of cash to distribute to bring the ratios of their capital interests into alignment with their profit and loss ratios.LO 5 Four steps in an advance plan.
25 Installment Liquidation Problem Step 4 Prepare a cash distribution plan.LO 5 Four steps in an advance plan.
26 Installment Liquidation Review QuestionIn a partnership liquidation, the final cash distribution to the partners should be made in accordance with the:a. partners' profit and loss sharing ratio.b. balances of the partners' capital accounts.c. ratio of the capital contributions by the partners.d. ratio of capital contributions less withdrawals by the partners.LO 5 Four steps in an advance plan.
27 Incorporation of a Partnership Incorporation may be attractive because of:Limited liability.Continuity of existence.Ability to raise needed resources.LO 6 Incorporation of a partnership.
28 Incorporation of a Partnership Retention of Partnership Books by CorporationSteps to record the incorporationAssets and liabilities are transferred to corporation.Partners receive capital stock in settlement of their interests.Partnership accounts restated to fair values.LO 6 Incorporation of a partnership.
29 Incorporation of a Partnership Problem Jan and Sue have engaged successfully as partners in their law firm for a number of years. The partners decide to organize a corporation to take over the business. The Dec. 31, 2008, after-closing trial balance is as follows:Debit CreditCash $15,000Accounts Receivable 32,400Allowances for Uncollectibles $ 2,000Prepaid Insurance 800Office Equipment 30,200Accumulated Depreciation 12,600Jan, Loan (outstanding since 2000, at 5%) 6,400Jan, Capital (50%) 29,400Sue, Capital (50%) 28,000$78,400 $78,400LO 6 Incorporation of a partnership.
30 Incorporation of a Partnership Problem The partners have hired you as an accountant to adjust the recorded assets and liabilities to their market values and to close the partners’ capital accounts to the new corporate capital stock. The corporation is to retain the partnership’s books, and the assets of the partnership should be taken over by the corporation in the following amounts:Cash $15,000Accounts receivable 32,400Allowance for uncollectibles 2,900Office equipment 16,000Prepaid insurance 800Jan’s loan is to be transferred to her capital account in the amount of $6,600.LO 6 Incorporation of a partnership.
31 Incorporation of a Partnership Problem A. Prepare the necessary journal entries to express the agreement described.Valuation Adjustment 2,700Accumulated Depreciation 12,600Office Equipment 14,200Allowance for UncollectiblesJan, LoanJan, Loan 6,600Jan, Capital 6,600Jan, Capital 1,350Sue, Capital 1,350Valuation Adjustment 2,700LO 6 Incorporation of a partnership.
32 Incorporation of a Partnership Problem B. Prepare the journal entries assuming the issuance of 400 shares (par value $100) of stock to Jan and Sue.Jan, Capital ($29,400 + $6,600 - $1,350) 34,650Sue, Capital ($28,000 – $1,350) 26,650Capital Stock (400 x $100) 40,000Additional Paid-in Capital 21,300ProofCash $15,000Accounts receivable 32,400Allowance for uncollectibles - 2,900Prepaid insurance 800Office equipment 16,000Total stockholders' equity $61,300LO 6 Incorporation of a partnership.
33 Incorporation of a Partnership Review QuestionIf a partnership is undergoing a transformation to a corporation, which of the following is a result?Assets and liabilities are adjusted to fair value.The net assets are distributed to the partners in their profit and loss ratio.The partners receive stock in the new corporation.Both (a) and (c) are correct.LO 6 Incorporation of a partnership.