Plot Structure Exposition: the setting for the plot Rising action: the events that build up to the confrontation in the story Climax: the most exciting part, the turning point of the story Falling action: the events that follow the climax Resolution: the conclusion of the conflict (how the problem is resolved)
Narrative Order Chronological Order: Events told in time order.
Narrative Order Flashback: Story in present but jumps to the past to build background for the character or plot
CONFLICT Conflict: Struggle between opposing forces like characters, nations, or ideas that provide action and interest or problem in a story
TYPES of CONFLICTS PERSON vs. SELF character struggles with a personal trait or characteristic.
Conflicts Person vs. Person character struggles with another character in the story.
Conflicts PERSON vs. SOCIETY character struggles with established laws / norms.
Conflicts Person vs. NATURE character struggles with the environment or natural elements
Conflicts PERSON vs. DESTINY character struggles against a pre- determined fate
Conflicts PERSON vs. SUPERNATURAL character struggles against ghosts, aliens or monsters
Suspense Tension in the story that keeps the audience interested in the story.
Foreshadowing Clues about what will happen later on in the story. “Mountain lions will never bother you unless they are wounded or cornered, but if they are, you better look out.”- from Where the Red Fern Grows
Setting Information about where and when a story takes place (settings may change)
Theme The author’s larger message about life-- a topic from the story PLUS the message about the topic. Example: People are equal no matter what they look like.
Irony Something unexpected happens; or goes against the expected outcome
Dramatic Irony Dramatic Irony: the audience knows something the characters do not know.
Situational Irony Situational Irony: audience is shocked by something because the outcome is different from what was expected.
Verbal Irony Verbal Irony (sarcasm): when a character says something that differs from what they mean or really feel Beautiful weather we’re having…….
Point of View-First Person First Person: Uses first person pronouns such as I, we, us. Narrator is part of action.
Point of View-Second Person Second Person: Uses the second person pronouns you, your, yours ( role play and “Choose Your Own Adventure” Books)
Point of View-Types of Third Person Third Person: Uses pronouns such as he, she, it, they, them. The narrator is not a part of the action. Third person objective: narrator tells story through character’s actions and dialogue; no thoughts or feelings revealed Third person omniscient: narrator reveals all character’s thoughts, feelings and is ‘all knowing’ Third person limited: the narrator only reveals the thoughts and feelings of one character
Tone The overall voice; how writing sounds to the audience IE: sarcastic, witty, serious, etc.
Mood The overall emotion / feeling created by the author. ex: cheerful, sad,etc.