Presentation on theme: "Understanding Emotions"— Presentation transcript:
1 Understanding Emotions Emotions – signals that tell your mind and body how to react
2 Emotions affect all sides of the health triangle JoyRelease brain chemicals that make you fell warmth and a sense of well-beingPromotes mental/emotional healthImproves relationshipsFearFight or flight response – physical changessweating, increased heart rate, increase breathing rate, tightening of muscles, slowed digestion
3 Identifying your emotions Sometimes you know exactly why you feel a certain waySometimes you have no idea what caused that emotion to occurHormones – a chemical secreted by your glands that regulate the activities of different body cellsAccurately identifying what emotion you are feeling will help you respond in a healthy way
4 HappinessWhat are some words that describe how you feel when you are happy?
5 Sadness A normal, healthy reaction to difficult events What are some words that would describe how you feel when you are sad?May be mild and fleeting or deep and long-lasting
6 LoveWhat are some words that describe how you feel when you are feeling love?Can be expressed through words or actionsHow can you show love to others?
7 Empathy The ability to imagine and understand how someone else feels Different from sympathy
8 FearWhat are some words that describe how you feel when you experience fear?Phobia – exaggerated fearWhat are some examples of phobias?
9 GuiltWhat are some words that describe how you feel when you experience guilt?Results from acting against one’s values or failing to act when you should have
10 AngerWhat are some words that describe how you feel when you are angry?Common reaction to being emotionally or physically hurtIf not handled in constructive ways it can result in violenceHostility – the intentional use of unfriendly or offensive behaviorHostile people are 4-7 times more likely to die from heart disease
11 Dealing with emotions in a positive way Every time you experience an emotion, you have a choice of how you will handle itStrategies for responding to your emotionsLook below the surface – What are you really reacting to?Will this matter later (tomorrow, next week, next month, next year)?Thoroughly consider the possible consequences before taking actionLet positive feelings inspire you. Relieve negative feelings.If a negative feeling doesn’t go away…seek help.
12 Defense MechanismsMental processes that protect individuals from strong or stressful emotions or situations
13 Common Defense Mechanisms Suppressionholding back or restraining – conscious, intentional pushing of unpleasantness from one’s mindRepressioninvoluntary pushing of unpleasant feelings out of conscious thoughtRationalizationmaking excuses to explain a situation or behavior rather than directly taking responsibility for itRegressionreverting to behaviors more characteristic of an earlier stage of development
14 Common Defense Mechanisms Denialunconscious lack of acknowledgement of something that is obvious to othersCompensationmaking up for weaknesses and mistakes through gift-giving, hard work, or extreme effortsProjectionattributing your feelings or faults to another person or groupIdealizationseeing someone else as perfect, ideal, or more worthy than everyone else
15 Handling FearSome fear is healthy and natural. It is only a problem if it is irrational or uncontrollableOvercoming fearIdentify your fearTalk about your fearLearn about fear
16 Managing Fear You can choose how to approach your fears 1. Forget Everything And RunOr2. Face Everything And RiseThe Key is having the knowledge, skills, and support to know how to face the fear.
17 Dealing with guilt Try to get to the source and deal with the problem Do your best to right the wrongLearn from the experience and be more responsible in the futureCheck yourself to make sure it was within your control. If not, it is not your guilt.
18 Managing Anger Get at the underlying source and address it Even if you can’t do anything about the sourceCope with your feelings
19 Strategies for Managing Anger A 12-step program developed by doctors at Duke University Medical CenterSome examplesTry seeing an upsetting issue from the other person’s perspectiveLearn to relaxPractice trusting other peopleDevelop your listening skillsLearn to assert yourself. Using assertiveness – instead of aggression – can improve your relationships and help you achieve your goalsRemember that life is short. Ask yourself whether you really have time to get angry
20 Managing Anger Activity Write the following headings on your paperDo something to relaxRe-channel your energyTalk to someone you trustGet some physical activityUnder each heading list at least 2 activities you can try the next time your are Angry and record them in your phone. For extra Credit if you qualify (meaning all your other work has been completed) you can access your “Anger Management Techniques” in your phone the next time your are angry and put one or more of them to use. Then write a paper clearly communicating the following;
21 1. What made your angry?2. How did you feel before and after using your “Anger Management Technique”?3. Were you able to move forward in a positive way in the relationship with the person or people you were angry with?4. Did you use your healthy communication skills to try and move beyond the argument?