Presentation on theme: "Mental and Emotional Health Chapter 7. Characteristics of a Mentally Healthy Person Feels comfortable with himself or herself Has good relationships with."— Presentation transcript:
Characteristics of a Mentally Healthy Person Feels comfortable with himself or herself Has good relationships with others Meets the demands of life
Types of Emotions Section 7.1 Love Happiness Optimism Humor Fear Anger Guilt Depression Jealousy
Love Love is the feeling of strong affection or caring for another person. We all have the need to love, and the need to be loved by others.
Happiness Happiness is a feeling of joy and well-being or contentment
Optimism Feeling optimistic means feeling that life experiences will be positive
Humor Humor provides a way of expressing negative emotions in a more positive way. Laughter can increase the effectiveness of your immune system in fighting disease.
Fear Fear is the feeling of danger Fear is often learned from experiences you had when you were young Use environmental planning and self talk to manage fear.
Anger Anger is a strong feeling of irritation. Everyone feels angry at some time, the important thing is how you deal with the anger. Channel emotions appropriately or do something physical but positive to manage anger.
Guilt Guilt is the feeling that you have done something wrong or are responsible for something bad happening. To manage guilt, find the source of your guilt and try to correct it.
Depression Depression is a feeling of anxiety, loneliness, and despair. It can interfere with the ability to carry out daily activities. To manage depression, try to identify why you feel that way and try to put it in perspective.
Jealousy Jealousy is the feeling of wanting something that someone else has or the fear of losing something that you have. To manage jealousy, discuss the it with the other person involved.
Loneliness Loneliness is a feeling of isolation or alienation. Engage in activities that will make you part of a group.
Shyness Shyness is the feeling of being timid or bashful. Engage in activities that will make you part of a group an d don’t be afraid to try new things.
Defense Mechanisms and Positive Strategies Section 7.2
Compensation Covering a weakness by overachieving in another area Example: focusing all your attention on sports because you think you are a better athlete than student
Daydreaming Escaping from an unpleasant situation by using your imagination Example: in the dentists chair you focus on the fun you are going to have over the weekend
Denial Failure to accept reality Example: refusing to accept the death of a relative or a close friend, refusing to accept that a romantic relationship is over
Displacement The transfer of negative feelings about someone to someone else. Example: you are very angry with you mother and you take it out on your sister or your best friend.
Projection Putting (projecting) negative feelings on someone else. Example: blaming your teacher for failing a test you did not study for.
Rationalization Justifying irrational behavior. Example: not doing your homework one evening because you feel like you’ve spent too much time on your schoolwork
Reaction Formation Expressing emotions that are the exact opposite of what you feel. Example: acting like a clown in a group to hide your feelings.
Regression Using childlike ways of expressing emotions like anger or disappointment Example: throwing a tantrum when you don’t get to watch your favorite TV program.
Repression Blocking out unpleasant memories. Example: forgetting when you were in the hospital.
Sublimation Redirecting bad or unacceptable behavior into positive behavior. Example: channeling your aggression into an athletic sport where aggressive behavior is acceptable.
Somatization Converting emotions into bodily symptoms. Example: getting stomach cramps every time final exams are scheduled.
Self-ideal is your mental image of what you would like to be. Self-concept is the current mental image you have of yourself.
Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Self-actualization-fulfilling your potential Self-esteem-respecting yourself and others Love and affection-your ability to give and receive affection; Feeling of belonging Safety and security-your ability to protect yourself from harm Physiological needs-fulfilling your needs for food, water, shelter, sleep and sexual expression
Types of Mental and Emotional Disorders Section 7.3
Organic Disorders Mental and emotional disorders resulting form a physical cause. For example, a brain tumor can affect mood, speech and comprehension.
Eating Disorders Anorexia- excessive dieting resulting in a state of self starvation Bulimia- bingeing on food then purging to avoid weight gain
Anxiety Disorder A condition in which fear or anxiety prevents one from enjoying life and completing everyday tasks
Types of Anxiety Disorders General anxiety disorder- constant feeling of anxiety and fear with physical symptoms Obsessive-compulsive disorder- persistent recurring thoughts accompanied with the need to repeatedly perform a certain action Panic disorder- intense feelings of terror that occur suddenly without a cause Phobia- persistent fear of something
Dissociative Disorders A condition in which someone’s personality changes to the point that the person believes that sometimes he or she is someone else
Types of Dissociative Disorders Multiple personality disorder- having two or more distinctive personalities which can show different physical conditions and are often the exact opposite of each other Amnesia- loss of memory
Mood Disorder A condition in which one mood is experienced almost to the exclusion of other feelings
Types of Mood Disorders Depression- experiencing feelings of sadness, loneliness, and hopelessness for an extended period of time Bipolar disorder (manic-depressive) - experiencing exaggerated feelings of euphoria, irritability, depression; Exaggerated mood swings; Reckless behavior
Personality Disorder An emotional condition in which a parson's patterns of behavior negatively affect the person’s ability to get a long with others
Types of Personality Disorders Antisocial personality disorder- showing a preference to remain distant from others’ Paranoia- consistent mistrust of others for no reason Aggression- behavior that displays an inner conflict between being dependent and being assertive which results in erratic moods
Somatoform Disorder An emotional condition in which there are physical symptoms but no identifiable disease or injury. The physical symptoms are caused by psychological factors.
Types of Somatoform Disorders Hypochondriasis- believing and showing signs of serious illness without any physical cause