Presentation on theme: " What was the major difference in what Americans referred to as “old” immigration and “new” immigration?"— Presentation transcript:
What was the major difference in what Americans referred to as “old” immigration and “new” immigration?
Assess how the growth of industry affected the movement of people into and within the United States. Investigate the challenges presented to urban inhabitants. Analyze the growth and influence of political machines.
1830 to 1860: ◦ Mostly Irish and German ◦ Irish: no self rule and potato famine ◦ Germans: liberals and intellectuals after revolution of 1848 1860 to 1890: ◦ still mainly Northern Europeans (England, ◦ Germany, Scandinavia) ◦ many came to settle the frontier near growing railroads Seen as an asset to the country. http://www.angelfire.com/ny5/mrh/old%20vs%20new%20immig.htm
NEW IMMIGRATION 1890 to 1914: ◦ came in much larger numbers than earlier immigrants ◦ Mostly Southern and Eastern Europeans: Italy, Greece, Austria-Hungary, Russia, Poland ◦ Settled mainly in cities near factories NOT frontier ◦ had more difficulty assimilating as they were different from Americans ◦ Italians and Greeks fled poverty ◦ Austrians and Russians fled heavy taxation and military service ◦ Jews fled persecution (Pogroms) http://www.angelfire.com/ny5/mrh/old%20vs%20new%20immig.htm
Peach 30% foreign born Green-20-30% foreign born Purple-10-20% Orange-1-10% Yellow-less than 1%
Overt favoritism toward native-born Americans ◦ Right country ◦ Wrong country Religious fears Chinese Exclusion Act 1882 ◦ Banned the entry of all Chinese except students, teachers, merchants, tourists, and government officials ◦ Lasted until 1943 Gentlemen’s Agreement 1907-08 ◦ San Francisco schools segregated ◦ Japan protested ◦ Schools desegregated ◦ Immigration limited