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The 13 Original English Colonies

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1 The 13 Original English Colonies
U.S. History 7

2 New England Colonies New Hampshire Rhode Island Massachusetts
Connecticut New England Colonies were mainly founded for religious freedom Puritan is the main religion. (The Puritan religion set out to simplify the practices of the Church of England) First New England colony was Plymouth, Massachusetts. Very strict. Salem Witch Trials

3 New England Colonies Important People Roger Williams- Disagreed with Puritan policies. Believed Natives should be paid for land. Started Rhode Island. Anne Hutchinson-Tried by the Puritan Church for breaking laws. Kicked out of Massachusetts. Helped set up Rhode Island. Economy Fishing Shipbuilding Lumber Whaling Fur trading

4 New England Colonies Interesting Facts Called the Colonial Workshop because of all the building

5 New England Colonies Common The meeting house (church) was in the center of the community. It served as a school, church, government center and a place for any other community events. INTERESTING FACT: More people could read in the New England than in all the other colonies.

6 New England’s Witch Trials

7 Middle Colonies New Jersey Pennsylvania New York Delaware •Fur •Iron
Economy of Middle Colonies •Fur •Iron •Grains William Penn- Started Pennsylvania as a colony for Quakers. The Quakers are a peaceful people who get along well with the Natives and one another.

8 Middle Colonies- Definitions
Proprietary colony- Colony in which the king gave land to proprietors in exchange for a yearly payment Cash crop- Crop sold for money Backcountry- Area of land along the eastern slopes of the Appalachian Mountains. Subsistence Farming- Growing only what your family needs. Quaker- A peaceful religion set up in Pennsylvania. Believed all people were equals.

9 Middle Colonies Nicknamed the “Breadbasket” because there is much wheat grown here. Small number of slaves because farms are smaller Many schools; often started by churches (school not required)

10 Southern Colonies Virginia Maryland
Georgia North Carolina South Carolina Virginia Maryland Page 18 in notebook Indentured Servant- Signs a contract to serve a certain number of years then they are free CHOICE Slave-Forced to work. Never granted their freedom. LIFE!- NO CHOICE

11 Southern Colonies Royal Colony-Colony under control of the English crown Debtor-A person who owes money Slave Code- Laws that controlled the lives of enslaved African Americans and denied them basic rights

12 The Middle Passage and Triangular Trade
It was called the triangular trade because of the triangular shape that the three legs of the journey made. The first leg was the journey from Europe to Africa where goods were exchanged for slaves. The second, or middle, leg of the journey was the transportation of slaves to the Americas. It was nicknamed the 'middle passage.' The third and final leg of the journey,  was the transport of goods from the Americas back to Europe.

13 Triangular Trade

14 All Colonies Port cities were very important because they were the center of shipping and trade. The Mercantile System Like other European nations at the time, England believed that colonies existed for the benefit of the home or mother country. This belief was part of an economic theory known as mercantilism. According to this theory, a nation becomes strong by building up its gold supply and expanding its trade. Since exporting helps a country earn money, it is the belief that a country should export more than it imports.

15 Southern Colonies Maryland- Colony for Catholics
Important Characteristics Maryland- Colony for Catholics Georgia- Colony for English debtors and a buffer from Spain Colonial Greenhouse

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