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Volume & Surface Area

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**Objectives: Essential Question: Volume & Surface Area**

Solve problems involving volume and surface area of cylinders, prisms, and composite shapes. Essential Question: How can I use what I know about area to calculate volume and surface area of cubes, prisms, and cylinders?

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Volume & Surface Area Cube: a 3D shape with six square or rectangular sides, a block. Rectangular Prism: a polyhedron that has two parallel and congruent bases that are rectangles; a 3D solid with six rectangular faces. Triangular Prism: a polyhedron that has two parallel, congruent bases that are triangles; a prism whose faces are triangles. Cylinder: a 3D figure that has two parallel congruent bases. Volume: the measure of space occupied by a solid region. Surface Area: the sum of the areas of all the surfaces (faces) of a three dimensional figure.

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Volume & Surface Area Triangular Pyramid: a polyhedron with a three-sided polygon for a base and triangles for its sides; a pyramid with a triangular base. Square Pyramid: a polyhedron with a four-sided polygon for a base and triangles for its sides; a pyramid with a square base. Sphere: a perfectly rounded 3D object such as a ball. Cone: a 3D figure with one circular base.

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**What is a 3D Figure: Volume & Surface Area What do they look like…**

In previous years you have studied 2D shapes like squares, rectangles, parallelograms, triangles, circles, and trapezoids. But now it is time to add a third dimension…

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Volume & Surface Area What is a 3D Figure: What do they look like…

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**Some 3D Figures: Volume & Surface Area What do they look like… Cube**

Rectangular Prism Triangular Prism Cylinder

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**Some Additional 3D Figures:**

Volume & Surface Area Some Additional 3D Figures: What do they look like… Triangular Pyramid Square Pyramid Sphere Cone

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Volume & Surface Area Cubes: What do they look like…

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Volume & Surface Area Prisms: What do they look like…

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Volume & Surface Area Cylinders: What do they look like…

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**A 3D shape with two parallel congruent polygon bases**

Volume & Surface Area 3D Characteristics: What makes what a what… A 3D shape with two parallel congruent polygon bases

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**3D Characteristics: Volume & Surface Area What makes what a what…**

A cylinder falls under its own category because its bases are not considered polygons

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**3D Characteristics: Volume & Surface Area What makes what a what…**

Others include pyramids and cones because they contain only one base. Their name is derived based on the shape of the base

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**Important Volume Formulas:**

Volume & Surface Area Important Volume Formulas: Rectangular Prism Triangular Prism Cube Cylinder V = s3 V = lwh V = ½bhw V = πr2h V = bhw

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**Example 1: Cube Volume = s3 V = 3in x 3in x 3in V = 27in3**

Volume & Surface Area Example 1: Cube Find the volume of the cube whose sides measure 3 inches. Volume = s3 V = 3in x 3in x 3in V = 27in3

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**Example 1: Rectangular Prism**

Volume & Surface Area Example 1: Rectangular Prism Find the volume of the rectangular prism whose length is 5in, width is 9in, and height is 4in. Volume = lwh V = 5in x 9in x 4in V = 180in3

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**Example 1: Triangular Prism**

Volume & Surface Area Example 1: Triangular Prism Find the volume of the triangular prism whose length is 6cm, width is 4cm, and height is 3cm. Volume = ½bhw V = ½(6cm)(3cm)(4cm) V = 36cm3

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**Example 1: Cylinder Volume = πr2h V = (3.14)(4ft)2(3ft) V = 150.72ft3**

Volume & Surface Area Example 1: Cylinder Find the volume of the cylinder whose height is 3ft and radius is 4ft. Volume = πr2h V = (3.14)(4ft)2(3ft) V = ft3

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**Example 1: Rectangular Prism**

Volume & Surface Area Example 1: Rectangular Prism Find the volume of the rectangular prism. V = lwh V = 4in x 6in x 5in V = 120in3

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**Example 1: Rectangular Prism**

Volume & Surface Area Example 1: Rectangular Prism Find the volume of the rectangular prism. V = lwh V = 5in x 7in x 11in V = 385in3

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**Example 1: Triangular Prism**

Volume & Surface Area Example 1: Triangular Prism Find the volume of the triangular prism. Volume = ½bhw V = ½(15cm)(9cm)(4cm) V = 270cm3

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**Example 1: Cylinder Volume = πr2h V = (3.14)(3cm)2(12cm) V ≈ 339.3cm3**

Volume & Surface Area Example 1: Cylinder Find the volume of the cylinder. Volume = πr2h V = (3.14)(3cm)2(12cm) V ≈ 339.3cm3

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**Independent Practice: Volume**

Volume & Surface Area Independent Practice: Volume Find the volume of each 3d shape.

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**Independent Practice: Volume**

Volume & Surface Area Independent Practice: Volume Answers. m cm3 m mm3

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**Volume & Surface Area Find the volume of the block.**

A wooden block has a single hole drilled entirely through it. What is the volume of the block? Round to the nearest hundredth. The block is a rectangular prism with a cylindrical hole. To find the volume of the block, subtract the volume of the cylinder from the volume of the prism.

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**Volume & Surface Area Find the volume of the block.**

A wooden block has a single hole drilled entirely through it. What is the volume of the block? Round to the nearest hundredth. The volume of the box is about 72 – 9.42 = cubic centimeters.

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**Volume & Surface Area Answer Find the volume of the cube.**

A moving company has boxes of various sizes for packing. The smallest box available has the dimensions shown below. Find the volume of a larger box that is 3 times as large. 12 in. Answer

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**Volume & Surface Area Answer Find the volume of the cylinder.**

A jumbo-size can of tomato soup is about 3 times the size of a standard-sized can of soup. The standard can has the dimensions shown. Find the surface area and volume of the jumbo-size can. Answer

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**Formula Summary: Volume & Surface Area Rectangular Prism**

Triangular Prism Cube Cylinder V = s3 V = lwh V = ½bhw V = πr2h V = bhw

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**When you think about the words**

Volume & Surface Area So What’s The Difference: Now that we have studied volume it is time to move on to surface area…another important concept dealing with 3D shapes: When you think about the words SURFACE AREA What comes to mind?

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**Surface Area & Nets: Volume & Surface Area**

When thinking about surface area we need to be able to break down the 3D solid by its faces…for instance: If took the above cube and cut along the edges we could open the solid and see that there a total of 6 squares (we call these faces) – the figure on the right is called a net

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**Surface Area & Nets: Volume & Surface Area**

Each solid has its own set of faces or NET:

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**Important Surface Area Formulas:**

Volume & Surface Area Important Surface Area Formulas: Rectangular Prism Cube SA = 6s2 SA = 2lw + 2lh + 2hw

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**Important Surface Area Formulas:**

Volume & Surface Area Important Surface Area Formulas: Triangular Prism Cylinder SA = 2(½bh) + lw1 + lw2 + lw3 SA = 2πr2 + 2πrh

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**Example 1: Cube SA = 6s2 SA = 6(4in)2 SA = 6(16in2) SA = 96in2**

Volume & Surface Area Example 1: Cube Find the surface area. SA = 6s2 SA = 6(4in)2 SA = 6(16in2) SA = 96in2

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**Example 1: Rectangular Prism**

Volume & Surface Area Example 1: Rectangular Prism Find the surface area. SA = 2lw + 2lh + 2wh SA = 2(15)(9) + 2(15)(7) + 2(9)(7) SA = 270mm mm mm2 SA = 606mm2

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**Example 1: Triangular Prism**

Volume & Surface Area Example 1: Triangular Prism Find the surface area. SA = 2(½bh) + lw1 + lw2 + lw3 SA = 2(½)(4.5)(3) + (6x3.75) + (6x3.75) + (6x4.5) SA = 13.5in in in2 + 27in2 SA = 85.5in2

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**SA = 2(3.14)(3mm)2 + 2(3.14)(3mm)(8mm) SA = 56.52mm2 + 150.72mm2 **

Volume & Surface Area Example 1: Cylinder Find the surface area. SA = 2πr2 + 2πrh SA = 2(3.14)(3mm)2 + 2(3.14)(3mm)(8mm) SA = 56.52mm mm2 SA = mm2

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**Volume & Surface Area Camping.**

A family wants to reinforce the fabric of its tent with a waterproofing treatment. Find the surface area, including the floor, of the tent below. Remember, a triangular prism consists of two congruent triangular faces and three rectangular faces.

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**Volume & Surface Area Camping. SA = 29 + 36.54 + 36.54 + 29 = 131.08**

A family wants to reinforce the fabric of its tent with a waterproofing treatment. Find the surface area, including the floor, of the tent below. bottom left side right side two bases SA = =

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Volume & Surface Area HOMEWORK

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