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6.5 Equations Involving Radicals BobsMathClass.Com Copyright © 2010 All Rights Reserved. 1 In this lesson, we will be solving equations where the variable is part of the radicand (under the radical). To solve equations of this form, we will need to utilize this next property of exponents: Let a and b be real numbers and n be a positive number. Property of Exponents. We will be utilizing this property to “cancel out” the radical. By using this property to solve equations with radicals, it will be necessary to perform the check to verify the solution. This process will produce answers which do not satisfy the original equation. Next Slide

6.5 Equations Involving Radicals BobsMathClass.Com Copyright © 2010 All Rights Reserved. 2 From these examples, observe the result of the square of a square root equals the radicand. It is not even necessary to perform the multiplication. (The square “cancels out” the square root.) What occurs when a square root is squared? Evaluate the following. Evaluate a few more. What occurs when a cube root is cubed? Evaluate the following. Evaluate a few more. From these examples, observe the result of the cube of a cube root equals the radicand. It is not even necessary to perform the multiplication. (The cube “cancels out” the cube root.) This idea of raising an n th root to the n th power will “cancel out” the radical. So if a radical has an index # = 5 such as: raising the radical to the 5 th power will “cancel out” the radical.

6.5 Equations Involving Radicals BobsMathClass.Com Copyright © 2010 All Rights Reserved. 3 1. Isolate a radical expression on one side of the equation. To isolate the radical of the LHS (left hand side), 4 would be added to both sides. 2. Use the property, if a = b, then a n =b n. If the radical is a square root, square both sides. If the radical is a cube root, cube both sides, if the radical is a 4 th root, raise each side to the 4 th power, if the radical is a 5 th …, well you get the idea. In general, if the radical is an n th root, raise each side to the nth power. 3. Solve the resulting equation. This will give preliminary solutions. 4. Check the solution or solutions. We may get results which do not satisfy the original equation. Yes, this step is necessary. If the solution checks, then it is a solution to the given equation. The procedure for this lesson is not too complicated. This is not to say solving these equations is easy. Procedure for solving Equations Involving Radicals.

6.5 Equations Involving Radicals BobsMathClass.Com Copyright © 2010 All Rights Reserved. 4 1. Isolate the radical on the LHS. Solution: +4 2. Square both sides to “cancel out” the square root. 3. Solve the equation. -3 4. Check the solution in the original equation. Check: Your Turn Problem #1

6.5 Equations Involving Radicals BobsMathClass.Com Copyright © 2010 All Rights Reserved. 5 1. Isolate the radical on the LHS. Solution: -6 2. Square both sides to “cancel out” the square root. 3. Solve the equation. 4. Check the solution in the original equation. Actually, once a square root equals a negative number, we can stop there because this is not possible. This procedure of raising both sides to power may give solutions which do no satisfy the original equation. These solutions are called extraneous solutions. Check: This is not true. Therefore, there is no solution.  Your Turn Problem #2

6.5 Equations Involving Radicals BobsMathClass.Com Copyright © 2010 All Rights Reserved. 6 Solution: 1. Square both sides to “cancel out” the square root. 2. Solve the equation. Remember, when we have an x 2, we need to get zero on one side, factor the binomial or trinomial, then set each factor equal to zero and solve. Right? 3. Check the solutions in the original equation. -2x+ 4 Check : Since both of the answers give a true statement, both numbers will be in the solution set. Your Turn Problem #3 Hint: one of the answers will not check. (x=1 is an extraneous solution.)

6.5 Equations Involving Radicals BobsMathClass.Com Copyright © 2010 All Rights Reserved. 7 Solution: 1. We could divide by 2 on both sides to isolate the radical. But then we will have a rational expression on the RHS. That doesn’t sound too good. Let’s go ahead and square both sides. 2. Solve the equation. 3. Check the solutions in the original equation. Check:  Your Turn Problem #4 Hint: one of the answers will not check. (x=1 is an extraneous solution.)

6.5 Equations Involving Radicals BobsMathClass.Com Copyright © 2010 All Rights Reserved. 8 Solution: 1. Cube both sides to “cancel out” the cube root. 2. Solve the equation. 3.Check the solutions in the original equation. Check : Your Turn Problem #5