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Creating Relay Logic Diagrams5 Creating Relay Logic Diagrams
Objectives Use symbols to represent different types of input and output devices. Create relay logic diagrams using the standard relay logic rules. Place comments on relay logic devices using the standard rules. Create relay logic circuits for process and industrial control problems. © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc.
Relay Logic Diagrams Sometimes called elementary diagrams, line diagrams, or relay ladder logic (RLL). From here on out, relay logic diagram describes the ladder logic diagram. First step in creating a program for a PLC. Show the symbols for different input and output devices. © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc.
Relay Logic Diagrams (Cont.)After relay logic diagram is drawn, it is converted to a PLC ladder logic diagram, often called a ladder diagram. Ladder diagram: Used to program the PLC. Program defines operations to be performed by the PLC. © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc.
Relay Logic Diagrams (Cont.)Voltage between the two rails, labeled L1 and L2. Each row in the relay logic diagram is called a rung. A relay ladder diagram can have more than one row. © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc.
Relay Logic Diagrams (Cont.)Relay coil and contacts: Used to control a solenoid. © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc.
Rules for Drawing Relay Logic DiagramsNine rules are accepted as standard in the control industry for creating relay logic diagrams. Creating a relay ladder diagram is the first step in programming a PLC. © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc.
Rules for Drawing Relay Logic Diagrams (Cont.)Rule 1. Input devices are placed near the left corner of the rung. Rule 2. One (and only one) output is placed near the right corner of the rung. Rule 3. Input devices can be connected in series, parallel, or combination. © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc.
Rules for Drawing Relay Logic Diagrams (Cont.)Rule 4. Output devices cannot be connected in series. Rule 5. While input devices can be represented multiple times in the relay logic diagram, each output device can only be represented once in the diagram. © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc.
Rules for Drawing Relay Logic Diagrams (Cont.)Rule 6. All the input and output devices must be placed horizontally. Rule 7. Current in the relay logic diagram must flow from left to right. © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc.
Rules for Drawing Relay Logic Diagrams (Cont.)Rule 8. Diagrams must be numbered and commented correctly. Rung numbers are placed on the left side of each rung. Instruction symbols and comments are placed above the instruction. Rung comments are placed on the right side of each rung. © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc.
Rules for Drawing Relay Logic Diagrams (Cont.)Rule 9. Location of each contact associated with a coil can be recorded by the right-hand rail near the coil. © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc.
Creating Relay Logic Diagrams for Industrial Control CircuitsStep 1: Clearly define the control problem. Draw a schematic diagram of the system setup. Discuss the problem. Step 2: Review and follow the nine relay logic diagram rules. Draw the relay logic diagram. © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc.
Glossary Contact: Device that opens and closes corresponding to the state of its associated relay coil. A normally open contact is closed when its relay coil is energized. A normally closed contact is opened when its relay coil is energized. PLC ladder logic diagram (ladder diagram): The program loaded into the programmable logic controller. This program defines the operation to be performed by the PLC. © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc.
Glossary Rails: Two vertical lines labeled L1 and L2 that connect the rungs of a PLC diagram. Relay coil: Device that, when energized, opens associated normally closed contacts and closes normally open contacts. © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc.
Glossary Relay logic diagram: Diagram that shows the logical relationships between devices. Rung: Horizontal line in a relay logic diagram that has input devices and an output device. © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc.
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