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Copyright ©2010 Progressive Business Publications 1 Preventing Slips, Trips & Falls
Copyright ©2010 Progressive Business Publications 2 Slips, Trips and Falls: The Facts Slips, trips and falls aren’t anything like they are in cartoons! 15% of disabling workforce injuries are due to falls Every year, thousands of people in the U.S. die of slip, trip and fall injuries – and hundreds of those falls happen at work
Copyright ©2010 Progressive Business Publications 3 The Two Types of Falls Same-level falls: –These falls happen on the same level you’re walking on –Example: You slip on a wet spot and fall Elevated falls: –These falls happen when you fall from a height –Example: You fall from a ladder, platform or roof to another surface
Copyright ©2010 Progressive Business Publications 4 Same-Level Falls There are a few different types of same-level falls –Slip and fall: When you’re walking and lose traction –Trip and fall: When you trip over something in your path –Step and fall: When the ground isn’t where you think it is
Copyright ©2010 Progressive Business Publications 5 Good Housekeeping One way to prevent slips, trips and falls? Keeping this place clean! Remember to: –Never leave a spill –Cover cords to prevent someone from tripping –Can the garbage –Keep an eye on mats
Copyright ©2010 Progressive Business Publications 6 The Next Step: Proper Shoes Shoes play a big part in whether you’ll fall So make sure to: –Wear slip-resistant shoes –Make sure the soles are in good condition – less friction means more falls –Check the bottom of your shoes for oil, grit or debris that could make you slip –Lace and tightly tie shoes before every shift
Copyright ©2010 Progressive Business Publications 7 Poor Lighting Dimly lit areas cause falls because it’s so hard to see hazards in your way Best bets: –Never enter a dimly lit area –Report the condition to a supervisor –If a light bulb is out, replace it or let someone in Facilities know before you start working –If you must enter a dimly lit area, get a flashlight
Copyright ©2010 Progressive Business Publications 8 Staying Safe on Slippery Floors If you have to walk on a slippery floor: –Point feet slightly outward –Take slow, small steps –Keep your feet underneath your body to maintain balance –Hold on to rails or stable objects as you move –If you fall, try to protect your head and neck
Copyright ©2010 Progressive Business Publications 9 Remember the Four Fs Whenever you see a slip, trip and fall hazard, remember the Four Fs: –FIX it: Fix the hazard. If you can’t –FLAG it: Block off the area (but don’t leave it!) –FOREWARN: Let your co-workers know –FIND: Alert a supervisor
Copyright ©2010 Progressive Business Publications 10 Ways You Can Reduce Falls Your behavior can prevent slips, trips and falls So: –Slow down –Use handrails –Be aware of surroundings –Cut down on distractions –Carry things correctly
Copyright ©2010 Progressive Business Publications 11 Falls From Elevated Levels What are elevated falls? –These are falls that occur from heights –Examples: Ladders, roofs, platforms, scaffolding, etc. What’s the most common elevated fall? –Falls from ladders –How can you stay safe on ladders?
Copyright ©2010 Progressive Business Publications 12 Before Using A Ladder Choose the right ladder –Heavy-duty ladders for heavy-duty jobs Inspect the ladder Check the side rails and rungs for grease, oil or mud Choose the right length –Ladder should extend three feet past the top of whatever surface you’re working on
Copyright ©2010 Progressive Business Publications 13 When Using A Ladder Use the 4:1 ratio: –For every four feet the ladder extends, it should be one foot away from the wall Don’t reach too far while on the ladder Use both hands when climbing Grasp the side rails, not the rungs Increase stability by tying off the ladder
Copyright ©2010 Progressive Business Publications 14 Safety On The Stairs When on the stairs: Use the handrails Don’t carry large objects Speak up if you find something wrong Remember to try to keep your balance at all times
Copyright ©2010 Progressive Business Publications 15 Working On Elevated Surfaces When working more than a few feet above ground, you must use fall protection –That could include guardrails, safety nets or personal fall-arrest equipment You must use fall protection every time you’re working at heights Remember: Fall protection can save your life if you take a tumble
Copyright ©2010 Progressive Business Publications 16 Using Guardrails When using guardrails, remember: The top of the guardrail must be 42 inches above the walking/working level The top and mid rails should be one-quarter inch thick If you use wire rope for the top rail, it must be flagged with high visibility material every six feet so you can see it
Copyright ©2010 Progressive Business Publications 17 Other Fall Protection Safety nets: –Will be installed under walking or working surfaces to catch you –Should be kept clear of debris Fall-arrest equipment –Should prevent you from free falling more than 6 ft. –Should be checked for fit before every use
Copyright ©2010 Progressive Business Publications 18 Conclusion Slips, trips and falls can be prevented Remember to: –Keep your eyes open and speak up if you see any slip, trip and fall hazards – remember the Four Fs! –Be aware of your surroundings and try not to rush –Use the right ladders and wear fall protection every time you work
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