Presentation on theme: "Climbing the Ladder to Safety"— Presentation transcript:
1 Climbing the Ladder to Safety Ladder UseClimbing the Ladder to Safety
2 Ladder Accidents Over 25,000 work-related accidents each year Many result in severe injuries or deathMost common injuries include sprains, cuts, bruises, head injuries, & broken bonesAnnual cost of compensation and medical treatment reaches into the millions of dollarsIndirect costs (worker replacement, retraining, and loss of productivity) can be up to 4 times as much!
3 3 Main Sources of Ladder Accidents are: Ladder (equipment) failureUnexpected ladder movementUser loss of footing or balance
4 Reasons for Ladder Failure: Improper selection & useDeterioration due to improper care & storageExposure to damaging agentschemicalsheat
5 Preventing Ladder Failure General prevention techniques include:a. Proper Selectionb. Adequate Inspectionc. Appropriate Use
6 Preventing Ladder Failure Proper SelectionRead and follow all manufacturer's instructionsDon't choose a step ladder when an extension ladder is neededDon’t use a ladder with obvious structural defectsUse only wooden or fiberglass ladders near electrical service or power linesAttach a single point support where both rails fail to contact (against columns, poles or corners)Check ladder capacity
7 Preventing Ladder Failure Adequate InspectionLook for damaged or loose rungs or side railsNote any broken or bent hardwareCheck the condition of extension ladder ropes and pulleysEnsure that ladder footings are firmly attached and tread is intactTag a defective ladder “out of service” & report it immediatelyIf broken, worn, or damaged beyond repair, destroy the ladder
8 Preventing Ladder Failure Appropriate UseKeep to its intended purposeDon’t stand on the back cross bracingDon’t use an extension ladder as a horizontal platform (scaffold)Don’t allow more than one worker on the ladder at a timeDon’t load the ladder beyond its maximum intended loadProtect ladder base from traffic; if used in front of a door, make sure door is locked or guarded
9 Unexpected Ladder Movement WHY?When ladders move unexpectedly, it is almost always because of improper placement – either on inappropriate surfaces or at an improper angle.
10 Preventing Ladder Movement Situate ladders only on firm, level ground - not in mud, in water, or on an inclineEnsure that the extension ladder’s base is at a minimum distance from vertical that is at least 1/4 of the ladder’s working heightEnsure an extension ladder reaches at least 3 feet above the landing
11 Preventing Ladder Movement Ensure that all ladders are equipped with slip-resistant footings or “shoes”Fully open stepladders and lock the spreader - all feet should contact a level supporting structureDo not place the ‘round’ ends of an extension ladder downwardDo not take apart extension ladders or use single sections individually
12 Preventing Ladder Movement Ladders move when they are notproperly tied off.When using an extension ladder, always:Tie it offBrace it at the bottomSecure extension rope to lowersection as back-up for lock assembly
13 Loss of Footing or Balance Ladder accidents can occur when the user loses footing (slips) or loses balanceChief causes includeImproper ladder preparationWet shoesCarrying materials while climbingOverreaching while on the ladderInattention to the jobWhen ladder users ignore proper operating procedures or simply fail to employ good common sense, the results can be disastrous!
14 Preventing Loss of Footing/Balance To reduce your risk of a fall, follow these guidelines:Clean any wet or slippery rungs before useWear slip-resistant shoesAlways face the ladderKeep eyes on the ladder and pay attention to hand and foot placement
15 Preventing Loss of Footing/Balance To reduce your risk of a fall, follow these guidelines:Lift equipment & materials with a rope; don't carry in your handCarry smaller tools in pouches around the waistAlways maintain 3 points of contact (2 feet/1 hand, or 2 hands/1 foot)Do not overreach. Keep belt buckle positioned between the side rails
16 Preventing Loss of Footing/Balance To reduce your risk of a fall, follow these guidelines:Never stand on the top two steps of any ladderDo not move, shift, or extend the ladder while standing on it
17 IF YOU MUST PERFORM ELEVATED WORK NEAR ANY OVERHEAD LINES: FINALLY, IT IS ABSOLUTELY NECESSARY THAT YOU AVOID ALL CONTACT WITH POWER LINES!!IF YOU MUST PERFORM ELEVATED WORK NEAR ANY OVERHEAD LINES:USE A NON-CONDUCTIVE LADDER (FIBERGLASS)CONTACT YOUR SUPERVISORWALK THROUGH THE PROCEDURE BEFORE STARTING THE JOB