Presentation on theme: "Chapters 6, 7 & 8. Effects of Alcohol Even if a motorist thinks they are below the level of legal intoxication, alcohol will affect their ability to drive."— Presentation transcript:
Effects of Alcohol Even if a motorist thinks they are below the level of legal intoxication, alcohol will affect their ability to drive safely Drinking even a small amount of alcohol increases a motorist’s chances of having an accident Never Drink and Drive
Effects of Alcohol After two, three or four drinks, alcohol begins to: Impair reaction time, coordination and balance Vision and the ability to judge distances is affected making it more difficult to react and drive safely The only way to become sober is time! Alcohol is digested slowly by the body over time 90% of alcohol consumed is detoxified and oxidized by the liver 10% is eliminated in breath, urine, and sweat.
Effects of Alcohol Studies have conclusively proven that a combination of alcohol and anger is responsible for much of the reckless, aggressive driving that can cause fatal highway accidents While most alcohol-related collisions involve only one vehicle, they frequently result in the death or serious injury of numerous people, including passengers, pedestrians and other motorists
How much is too much? The only way to effectively and accurately check the blood alcohol concentration is through a breath test BAC is determined by 4 factors Quantity of alcohol consumed Body weight How quickly drinks were consumed Food consumed The best way to reduce the risk of a crash caused by drinking and driving is not to drive at all after drinking
How much is too much? Under state law, operating a motor vehicle with a BAC of.08% or above is illegal The current penalty for both is the loss of driving privileges for seven months to one year, to run concurrently or consecutively, based upon a judge’s order Motorists who refuse to take a breath test in New Jersey are also subject to an MVC insurance surcharge of $1,000 per year for three years. Failure to pay this surcharge will result in an indefinite suspension of driving privileges until the fee is paid.
How much is too much? Every drink contains about.5 ounce of alcohol. It’s not what you drink, but how many drinks you have 1 drink = 1.5 ounces of 86 proof liquor 12 ounce bottle or can of beer 5 ounce glass of wine (12%) It is important to remember that it does not matter what alcoholic beverage is consumed There is just as much alcohol in the average beer as there is in the average drink of whiskey or wine
How much is too much? Studies have shown that most people arrested for drinking and driving had been drinking beer Although food does slow the absorption of alcohol into the bloodstream, eating will not prevent a high BAC when steadily drinking large amounts. Eating does not make a motorist sober Avoid drunk driving by arranging a designated driver, use public transportation, or call a cab
Drinking and Driving Drinking affects a motorist’s thinking and slows reaction time Law enforcement is trained to notice certain telltale signs that a motorist has been drinking: Speeding: An intoxicated driver often thinks high speed driving is safe Weaving: Even though an intoxicated driver may stay in the correct lane, driving straight may be a problem Slow driving: An intoxicated driver may be overly cautious and drive slower than the normal traffic flow Jerking motion: An intoxicated drier often may have short mental lapses and not keep a steady speed on a clear road Quick stops: An intoxicated driver may make sudden stops at a traffic sign or light, rather than easing up to it
Good hosts and the drinking driver If someone hosts a party offering alcoholic beverages they should always offer: Non alcoholic beverages for people who do not drink Nutritious food Stop offering alcoholic beverages before the party ends A place to rest if a person appears to have drank too much In addition, if a person appears to have drunk too much and refuses to stay or have a designated driver take them home, the host should notify the police. Hosts may become involved in a lawsuit if a guest is involved in a drinking and driving collision after leaving the party
Drugs and Driving It is illegal to operate a motor vehicle on New Jersey roadways under the influence of any illegal drugs Drugs that “may cause drowsiness or dizziness” should not be taken before driving. Ask a profession about how over-the-counter drugs may affect driving Drugs that may affect basic driving skills include cold pills, tranquilizers and some prescriptions medications. If asked, motorists using prescription drugs must show proof of the prescription to law enforcement. If a motorist does not have a prescription for the drug, and a prescription is necessary in order to obtain the drug, the drug will be considered illegal
Drugs and Driving After alcohol, marijuana use may affect a motorist in the following ways: Loss of tracking ability: This is the ability to maintain a vehicle in a given line Distance judgment: following too closely can cause problems Vigilance: Not remaining attentive to the driving task can cause a motorist to follow too closely, drift into another lane, etc. Divided attention: Driving is a task that requires constant attention to traffic, roadway and weather conditions, passengers, gauges, etc.
Healthy Driving General Health: Any health problem can affect an individual’s driving If a motorist is not feeling well, they should let someone else drive
Healthy Driving Vision: State law permits the MVC to retest 10 % of the driving population each year. Motorists should have their eyes examined every 1-2 years If over age 40, a motorist should have his/her eyes checked every year for special problems Peripheral vision (side vision) is essential to effective driving allowing motorists to see other areas besides straight ahead. Depth perception allows motorists to assess how close they are to other traffic and obstacles.
Healthy Driving Hearing: The ability to hear can provide early warning to motorists of pending obstacles Even people with good hearing cannot hear other vehicles if there is excessive noise inside the car (loud radio or loud talking) Motorists should keep the radio at a low volume and never wear earphones
Breath Test Implied consent law: Motorists on New Jersey roadways have agreed, simply by using NJ roadways, to submit to a breath test given by law enforcement or hospital staff following an arrest for a drinking-and-driving offense. Motorists who refuse to take a breath test will be detained and brought to a hospital, where hospital staff may draw blood. Motorists who refuse to take a breath test in NJ are subject to an MVC insurance surcharge of $1,000 per year for three years. Failure to pay the fine will result in indefinite suspension. Refusal to take a breath test is equal to driving with a BAC of.10% for a first offense. Currently, the penalty for refusal is the loss of driving privileges for between seven months and one year, to run concurrently or consecutively, based upon judge’s order.
Motor Vehicle Violations (p.118-121) Unsafe Driving: Endangers a person or property requires payment of a fine of: <50-150< for a first offense. Motorists may be assessed motor vehicle penalty points if the offense occurs within five years of the prior offense. Carrying Alcoholic Beverages: motorists who carry open or unsealed alcoholic beverage containers in passenger areas of motor vehicles are subject to a fine of $200 for a first offense Highway Construction Zones: Fines are doubled in construction zones. Hit and Run: Involving bodily injury or death results in a find of: <2,500-5,000< and or 180 days in jail for the motorist. In addition, for the first offense the motorist loses his or her license for one year. Subsequent offenses result in permanent revocation of their license.
Trucks, Tractor-Trailers, and Buses When passing a large truck or bus, it is important to remember that there are several no-zones (blind spots) in which the motorist cannot see other vehicles During bad weather, a truck can take as much as 25% longer to stop
Trucks, Tractor-Trailers, and Buses No-Zone principle: p. 137 The potential for a collision is increased when a motorist is riding in the no-zone If the motorist of a large truck or bus cannot see another motorist’s vehicle in the rearview or side-view mirrors, the vehicle is in a no-zone, or blind spot
Trucks, Tractor-Trailers, and Buses Rear No-Zone: p. 137 Stay far behind a truck that is preparing to back up or is backing up. Never pass close behind a truck that is preparing to back up or is in the process of backing up Motorists should increase following distance behind a truck or other large vehicle so its driver can spot a motorist’s vehicle in the rearview mirrors. Motorists should maintain a sizable space cushion between their vehicle and larger vehicles When at an intersection leave space between you and the truck in front. The larger vehicle may roll backwards when accelerating Give more road space to the truck that is making a wide turn
Replacing a Certificate of Title If lost or stolen, a replacement title can be issued by mail or ad the MVC for $25. The titled owner will need: A completed application for duplicate certificate of ownership A current registration certificate or insurance identification card of the vehicle A lien release from the lien holder if the vehicle was financed
Insurance Motor vehicle liability insurance is mandatory in the state of NJ NJ insurance identification card will be provided for each vehicle insured under a policy The card must remain in the vehicle with the driver It must be shown prior to inspection, when involved in an accident and when stopped by law enforcement for a traffic violation or roadside spot check Driving with an uninsured vehicle can result in fines, community service, license and registration suspension and insurance surcharges