2 HistoryBasketball was invented by Dr. James Naismith in 1891 in Springfield, Massachusetts.Dr. Naismith was a college professor who wanted to create a game that his physical education classes could play inside during the long winters.The first games used peach baskets nailed to the wall for rims. The first ball used was a soccer ball.
3 The Game Basic Rules of Basketball The object of a basketball game is to score points by making field goals or free throw shots. There are two opposing teams, each with five players.A game commences with a jump ball at center court. Each team then tries to recover the ball and make baskets in their opponents basket.The rim of the basket is 10 feet from the floor.\A varsity high game consists of four 8 minute quarters. A college game consists of two 20 minute halves.
4 ScoringA field goal (basket) scores two points if shot inside the 3 point line/arc (19’9”). If shot behind the 3 point line the basket is worth 3 pointsA free throw is worth 1 point
5 Team/Positions 5 players 1) Point Guard 2) Shooting Guard 3) Small Forward4) Power Forward5) Center
8 Definition of Terms Backcourt Blocking Dead ball Defensive team the area from the midcourt line to the end line (baseline) furthest from the offense’s basketBlockingthe use of a defender’s body position to illegally prevent an opponent’s advanceDead ballany ball that is not live, occurs after each successful field goal or free throw attempt, after any official’s whistle or if the ball leaves the court. It stops play which is then resumed by a jump ball, throw in, or free throwDefensive teamthe team that does not have the ball and is trying to prevent the other team from scoring
9 Definition of Terms Dribbling Frontcourt Free throw when a player repeatedly pushes, taps, or bats the ball towards the ground with one hand. Used to advance the ball or keep control of itFrontcourtthe area between the midcourt line and the end line (baseline) closest to the offense’s basketFree throwan unguarded shot taken from the free throw line (15 feet from the backboard). Free throws are awarded to an offensive player who was fouled while in the act of shooting by a defensive player or if the foul occurred in the “bonus”
10 ViolationsViolation- an infraction of the rules that does not involve personal contact with the opponent or unsportsmanlike conductWhen a violation occurs the ball is called dead and rewarded to the opposing team for a throw in from the sideline nearest where the violation occurred
11 Violation Examples Traveling Double dribble To move one's pivot foot illegally or to fall to the floor without maintaining a pivot foot. Carrying/palming the ball is also considered traveling.Double dribbleTo dribble the ball with two hands at the same time (2) To dribble, stop, and then begin to dribble again; Either act results in a loss of possessionStepping on the sideline while in possession of the ball5 seconds holding the ball10 seconds in the backcourt3 seconds in the lane (offensive player)Over & backTouching the ball in the backcourt after it has entered the frontcourt and was not last touched by the other team.
12 FoulsFoulan infraction of the rules that involves personal contact with the opponent or unsportsmanlike conductIf a player is fouled while in the act of shooting the ball he/she is rewarded free throws- 2 free throws if the shot did not go in, 1 free throw if the shot went inEach player is allowed 5 personal fouls. The player is ejected from the game on the 5th foul committed.
13 Fouls “Bonus” “Double Bonus” After a team has seven fouls in a half, the opponent is in the “bonus.” A bonus is awarded in the form of a 1&1 from the free throw line.“Double Bonus”After the 10th team foul in a half the opponent is in the “double bonus” where the opponent’s player who was fouled is given a 2 free throw opportunity
14 Foul Examples Blocking- Charging Hand Check The use of a defender's body position to illegally prevent an opponent's advance.Chargingan offensive foul which occurs when an offensive player runs into a defender who has establish position.Hand CheckImpeding the progress of an opponent with the illegal use of hands.