2 ObjectivesRelate how the physical, intellectual, emotional, and social changes that take place during adolescence help you achieve certain developmental tasksCreate and identify ways to show responsibility at home and schoolExplain how independence is achieved and apply it to your own life
3 Words to Know Adolescence Developmental task Physical change Intellectual changeEmotional changeSocial changeGrowth spurtHormonesEmotionsPeersRolesResponsibilityIndependence
4 Here’s Where You are AT….. “I’ll be glad when I’m old enough to do that.”You are looking forward to:Driver’s licensePart-time jobDatingMove outINDEPENDENCEAdolescence – stage between childhood& adulthood
5 Growth & Development 3 major stages of life ChildhoodAdolescenceAdulthoodCertain skills & behavior patterns develop in each. (developmental tasks)Examples:Preparing for your future (adolescence)Sit – crawl – walk – run (childhood)
6 Developmental Tasks of Teens Learn to accept changes in bodySelect and prepare for a careerAchieve emotional independenceLearn to get along with peersAcquire a set of standards that guide your behaviorLearn what behavior will be expected in adult rolesAccept responsibilityBecome independent of adults
7 Growth & Development Adolescence = 4 major changes Physical changes – occur as body grows & maturesIntellectual changes – take place as you learn more about the world around youEmotional change – affect how you feel about situations and how you express those feelingsSocial change – occur as you meet people and learn how to get along with them
8 There is nothing permanent except change. Reflect:There is nothing permanent except change.-Heraclitus
9 Growth & DevelopmentThe changes will affect the way you act and think.Decisions – actions - futureMore you know – the easier it will be to understand the changesChanges – unique & specialNo one else like youYou are normal
12 As a Table………Think of the changes you will/have experience(d) during adolescence. What kinds of challenges do you expect to encounter in the four different areasphysicalintellectualsocialemotional10 minutes to discuss. Select a reporter and report to the class.
14 PHYSICAL CHANGES Affect the shape of your body Adult figure or physiqueGirls – usually mature about 2 yearsGirls stop growing - 15Boys – 17Some continue until 20Individual rateGrowth – rapidly – growth spurt
15 PHYSICAL CHANGESIncludes both the development of larger muscles & an improved ability to use those musclesBetter eye-hand coordination – small muscles – more controlMany changes that you will notice occur as the body begins to mature sexuallyChanges are caused by chemicals in your body called hormones.
16 PHYSICAL CHANGES Males – facial hair, voices deepen, shoulder widen Females – hips widen, breast enlarge, figure – more shapely, changes within the body that enables pregnancyTaking care of self – IMPORTANT
17 As a table, create a list of what you can do to keep healthy during this change And discuss…..How do you cope with all the changes????
18 Intellectual Changes Intelligence will be expanded By age 8 – 80% of adult intelligence has already been developed13 – 15 ability to reason & solve problems(actions & consequences)See others’ point of viewSkills will help you communicate!!Developmental task: select & prepare for a career
19 If I fail……Developmental task: select & prepare for a career
20 What will happen…..If you fail to select & prepare for a career during adolescence………..Why is it important to prepare for a career right now????
21 Emotional Changes Not so easy to see New, confusing feelings = NORMAL Emotions – feelings you have about people & events in your lifeFeelings change quicklyNever knowing exactly what you wantAs you develop, you will learn how to handle your emotions
22 Negative Emotions Anger, jealousy, envy, and fear Often hard to controlNot handled properly – difficult situationUncontrolled anger/jealousy – lost of friendsAlmost everyone becomes angryVenting negative emotions on just anyone is not appropriateGetting feelings out in open can be a good way of dealingTalk to someone/write a letter/some type of physical activity
23 Positive Emotions Love, affection, joy Makes everyone feel good Many relationships based on loveLearning to express “love” in appropriate waysD.T. – Achieve emotional independenceThink for yourself & make own decisionsStill respect others opinions, but will less dependent on adults
24 Social Change How you relate to others Peers (persons your own age) are more important to youLearning to communicate & get along w/peersNatural to want to be like by your peersFeeling you belong – important partD.T. – Acquire a set of standards that guide your behaviorThink carefullyDecided what is important to you
26 Roles Role – pattern of expected behavior Fill many roles Son, daughter, students, ball player, brother, sister, friendIn each you are expected to act a certain wayD.T. – what behavior will be expected in adult rolesRemember, whatever the role, relax & be yourself
28 Accepting Responsibility All changes & growing helps you achieve D.T. accepting responsibilityBeing responsible – you can be trusted to carry through an assignment or jobResponsibilities – duties/jobs you must carry throughFamily, friends, school & community
29 Individual WorkCreate a list of your current responsibilities. Then list additional responsibilities you anticipate you will assume as you mature.Be sure to create a list for home, school, and for yourself
30 Becoming Independent Independence – responsible for own actions Provide own needs & wantsIn control of their livesForm your own identityPrepare for a careerbecoming responsible for your decisions & developing socially acceptable behaviorIndependence achieved one step at a time
31 Discuss at Table:What are some ways you can demonstrate to adults in your life that you are becoming independent?