2 Why use articles? Provide up-to-date information Deal with current topics → the latest research, theories, interpretations, newsMost have a specific focusMay reflect a particular viewpoint
3 The Library has thousands of journals, magazines, newspapers and similar publications.Most of these are availableelectronically through databasesthat the Library subscribes to.
4 Journals, magazines and newspapers in paper or microform formats are kept in the Periodicals Collectionat the back of the Library.
5 What’s the difference between a journal and a magazine?
6 Magazine Articles General-interest Written by reporters, feature editorsMeant to entertainWide audienceUsually < 5 pagesNo abstracts or referencesGlossy, with picturesAdvertisements
7 Journal Articles Scholarly Written by subject experts Report on original researchSpecific audienceUsually > 5 pagesInclude abstractsReferencesUsually no picturesNo advertisements
8 Journals vs. Magazines In college and university you are often expected to use“scholarly” sources of information.Scholarly articles are found in journals.Tip: Scholarly journals are sometimes called “academic” journals.
13 To find articles in any format, you start by searching electronically.
14 You can search for articles on any topic. Databases allow you to search several publications at once......so your searching is faster andmore efficient than browsingone publication at a time!
15 Some Library databases include articles on a variety of topics… Examples:Academic Search PremierVocational Studies CompleteCBCA ReferenceCPI.Q. Canadian PeriodicalsCanadian Newstand
16 Subject-specific databases provide more in-depth coverage of topics… Examples:Historical AbstractsEnvironment CompleteProquest NursingCBCA BusinessAnatomy.tv PsychInfoTip: It’s usually a good idea to search more than onedatabase when looking for articles!
17 To search for articles on your topic... Go to andclick on E-Resources
18 Select a subject related to your topic, or choose “General”
19 Read the database descriptions to help you select one suitable for your topic.
21 First of all, identify the main concepts of your topic “The effect of video games on adolescent behaviour”Video gamesBehaviourAdolescents
22 Video games, adolescents and behaviour are called “keywords”. Keywords are single words or short phrases that represent concrete ideas.Keywords are what you use to search for articles.
23 Next, think of other ways to express these topic keywords, including... ... synonyms... related words... other forms of your keywords, such as alternate spellings, plural vs. singular, etc.Ways to find keywords:BrainstormingDictionaries, thesauri, encyclopediasTextbooksBooks & articles
24 Make a list of your keywords Topic KeywordsAlternate KeywordsVideo gamesElectronic games, computer gamesAdolescentsTeen, teenage, teenagers, adolescents, adolescence, youth(s)Narrower terms - girls, boysBroader term - childrenBehaviourBehaviorNarrower terms - violence, aggressiveness, aggression, fighting, bullying
25 Searching Academic Search Premier Tip: When using more than one keyword or phrase, join them with “and”.
26 Look at your results... Too many articles? Not enough articles? You need to narrow your search to make it more specific to your topic.Not enough articles?Your topic might be too specific. Try to broaden your search.Results not relevant to your topic?Try a new search using different terms or a different database.
27 Narrowing Your Search Try one or more of the following: Use a more specific search term.Add another search term.Click on a subject heading.Select a publication type, such as academic (scholarly) journals.
28 Here we’ve used the more specific term “teenage boys”, instead of “teenagers”, to narrow our search.
29 Adding another search term… …gives fewer, more relevant results
30 Clicking on a subject heading focuses our search...
31 You can also limit your search to Academic JournalsTip: Some databases use the terms “scholarly” or “peer-reviewed” instead.
32 Broadening Your Search Try one or more of the following:Combine variations of your search terms with “OR”.Expand the scope of your search by:a. Using broader search terms, orb. Reducing the number of terms in your search.Search a different database.
33 This search using “OR” will find articles using the word “teenagers” as well asarticles using the word “adolescents”
34 Expanding the scope of our search from “teenagers” to “children” will retrieve more articles.
35 Here we’ve broadened our search and retrieved more results by taking out a search term.
36 Results not relevant to your topic? Try using one or more of the following:Synonyms, different spellings, or other words related to your search terms.A different database.The “Help” or “Tips” in the database.
37 Here we’ve used a related term, “aggression”, instead of “violence” to retrieve more relevant results.
38 If you’ve been searching a general database you may find more relevant articlesin a subject-specific databaseappropriate for your topic.
39 Find other search strategies by clicking on “Help”
40 Once you have a manageable number of relevant articles, take a closer look at your results.
41 Tip: The abstract is a summary of the article. To find out more about an article, hold your cursor over the article preview iconTip: The abstract is a summary of the article.
42 In most databases, you can access the abstract from the results list by clicking on the article title, or on one of the following links:“Abstract”“View record”“Bibliographic page”
43 look for a “full text” link To get the full article,look for a “full text” link
45 If the article is available in another database, will link you to it. Click on toget the articleGOwill also tell you if the article is available in print in the Library
46 If you click on and see the message it means the full article is not availablein any format in the Library.You can request it through Interlibrary Loans.To find out how to do this, go toand click on Interlibrary Loans.
47 Remember to keep records of all the articles you use for information… This will help if you want to find them again later!You will also need this information when you prepare your bibliography.Tip: Remember to note the dates you retrieve articles from electronic databases – this is usually required in your references!
48 Most databases allow you to: Print articlesSave articles to your computer or a USB keyarticles to yourself or someone elseExport articles to RefWorksTip: Don’t save your work to the Library computers. You will lose your work if the computer shuts down.
49 Looking for a certain journal, magazine or newspaper? Click onJournals by TitleEnter the name of the publication in the search box
50 Journals by Title will tell you... if the Library has the publicationwhat format it is inthe volumes & dates available
51 Click on here to access the publication online GOClick on here to check the print holdings in the CatalogueGO
52 Another way to find articles If you’ve found a good article……Look at the references to see whatsources the author cited.You’ll find more articles related to your topic!Tip: Use Journals by Title to find an article when you have a citation and don’t know what database it is in.
53 Want to access E-Resources from off-campus? Nipissing:Username = WebAdvisor IDPassword = WebAdvisor passwordCanadore:Username = student numberPassword = birthdate (mmddyy)
54 Evaluating your articles... ...is an essential step in your research!Look at your search resultscritically to decide if the articlesare suitable for your topic.
55 For each article, decide... Is the author qualified to write on the topic?Is the information current?Is it accurate?Is the article unbiased?Is it relevant to your topic?Does it provide enough information?
56 Need help finding articles? Please come tothe LibraryInformation DeskWe’re happy to help!ext. 4221
57 Bibliography Trent University. (Sept. 12, 2007). Keyword Search Techniques. Retrieved Dec. 5, 2008 fromUniversity of Minnesota Libraries. (2000). Choosing Good Keywords to Search for Articles. Retrieved Dec. 5, 2008 fromDalhousie University Libraries. (Jan. 5, 2005). Developing a Search Strategy Worksheet. Retrieved Dec. 5, 2008 fromDalhousie University Libraries. Problem solving strategies for database searching. Retrieved Dec. 5, 2008 from