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Data Collection* Presenter: Octavia Kuransky, MSP.

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Presentation on theme: "Data Collection* Presenter: Octavia Kuransky, MSP."— Presentation transcript:

1 Data Collection* Presenter: Octavia Kuransky, MSP

2 Funders do not fund great causes – they fund great results. Great results Great Causes Funding

3 Agenda Why Collect High Quality Data? What is Good Data? Choosing a Data Collection (DC) Tool Creating a DC Implementation Plan Go Forth and Data.

4 Why Collect High Quality Data? Data - evidence to support your program intervention Accountability Solid case for future funding Tell your story See what’s working and what’s not to inform change Allow you to isolate elements Comparable to other program interventions Tweak implementation It’s required

5 What is Good Data? Reliable: instrument & implementation produce consistent results under the same conditions Implement the instrument in a uniform way Make sure the instrument is clear and unambiguous Valid: instrument & implementation accurately measure what you intended Instrument should reflect the real info to answer your questions All dimensions of the outcome Corroborated by other evidence Unbiased: DC should not include any systematic distortion of results Look at who responded, how the tool is worded, the timing & location and ensure an even distribution of data is received

6 How Do You Get the Data? Many kinds of instruments to record data (not just surveys!) Surveys Interviews Observation Standardized tests Tracking sheets Focus Groups Diaries or journals Secondary Data Databases


8 Who Has the Data? What is the best source of the data you need? Consider: What KIND of data is reflected in your TOC (change in knowledge, attitudes, conditions, behavior)? Attitude/Knowledge = person experiencing the change Condition/Behavior = EITHER person exp. change OR other qualified observers Who is in a position & qualified to provide that data? Who do you have access to? Who has a vested interest in providing you with data? Consider existing data sets: will they accurately reflect your intended outcomes? List the Pros and Cons of each data source

9 How Do You Get the Data? Part 1 Find an Instrument CNCS Performance Measures Field Best Practices Other Studies on programs similar to yours OR Create an Instrument Engage a professional Do it yourself

10 How Do You Get the Data? Part 2 Evaluating Instruments Consider feasibility Ease of use/implementation Making sure the instrument can reasonably be used within your program structure Consider any training for staff/data collectors Consider privacy concerns Ease of data analysis Objective vs subjective data Converting collected data to answers about outcomes

11 How Do You Get the Data? Part 3 Evaluating Instruments Does it measure your outcomes adequately? Matches intervention Appropriate for beneficiaries Measures all relevant dimensions of the outcomes Is the tool designed well? Too many, too few questions Clear, unbiased questions that will be interpreted uniformly Consistent question format

12 Implementing Data Collection Identify DC plan participants Who should be involved & what will their roles be? Set a schedule for data collection Who will administer DC instruments? When will you collect, analyze and report on data? Prepare your team for DC Plan to train DCers on the instrument and how to administer

13 Implementing Data Collection Pilot the instrument Small group similar to respondents Analyze pilot data Make any necessary changes to the instrument or plan and then implement

14 Review Data collection should provide the info you need to provide evidence that your Theory of Change is correct Instruments should be chosen carefully to ensure they Collect the correct info Can be administered ensuring reliability, validity, and freedom from bias Each program should craft a collective plan to: Engage all stakeholders & understand why data collection is important & how it will be used Choose a strong instrument Ensure that data collection is implemented uniformly and timely Ensure that data is analyzed and used in decision making & reporting

15 One accurate measurement is worth more than a thousand expert opinions. Admiral Grace Hopper

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