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**Telling Time to the Hour**

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**The Hands of Time The long hand is the minute hand.**

The short hand is the hour hand.

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The Hands of Time 60 5 There are 60 minutes on a clock face. Skip count by fives to count the minutes with me. 55 10 15 50 20 45 25 40 35 30

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The Hands of Time Count the numerals on the clock. There are only 12 hours on a clock face. So, the hour hand is a short hand.

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**“Minute” is a long word. The minute hand is the longer hand.**

“Hour” is a short word. The hour hand is the shorter hand. hour

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**When the minute hand is pointing to 12, read the time as “o’clock”**

When the minute hand is pointing to 12, read the time as “o’clock”. In this case, the hour hand is pointing to the 3 and it is “three o’clock”.

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Now the minute hand is pointing to 12 and the hour hand is pointing to the 5. So, we read the time as “five o’clock”.

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Four Quarters If we were to slice the clock into 4 equal sections, we would have 4 QUARTERS. Each quarter would represent a 15 minute section.

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A Quarter After When the minute hand is pointing to the numeral 3, we say that the time is “A quarter after/past _____.” Here, the clock shows a quarter past seven, or 7:15.

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A Quarter Til/To When the minute hand is pointing to the numeral 9, we say that the time is “A quarter til/to _____.” Here, the clock shows a quarter to five, or 4:45.

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Half Past When the minute hand is pointing to the numeral 6, we say that the time is “Half past _____.” Here, the clock shows half past 2, or 2:30. Notice how the hour hand is half-way in between the 2 and the 3.

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**AM/PM 12:00 AM is MIDNIGHT (We are sleeping)**

12:00 PM is NOON (lunchtime) When we say AM, we are referring to the hours before NOON. When we say PM, we are referring to the hours past NOON.

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**Important Facts About Time**

60 seconds= 1 minute 60 minutes= 1 hour 24 hours= 1 day 30 minutes= 1 half hour 15 minutes= 1 quarter hour

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The End

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