Presentation on theme: "1 2.1 Understand how the occurrence of and the conditions related to day and night and the seasons are caused by the earth’s movement in space."— Presentation transcript:
1 2.1 Understand how the occurrence of and the conditions related to day and night and the seasons are caused by the earth’s movement in space.
2 2.1.1 Distinguish between the terms rotation and revolution. Rotation: The earth spins on its own axis. The earth rotates 360 degrees, or one complete rotation, on its own axis in one day. The earth rotates from west to east, in a counterclockwise motion.
3 Revolution: The earth circles the sun. It takes the earth 365.25 days to orbit the sun. The earth travels in a counterclockwise direction around the sun.
8 2.1.2Explain how cloud cover influences the range of temperature from day to night. Nightly cloud cover reduces the range of temperature from day to night. Clouds reflect heat waves Heat below clouds is reflected back to earth. Without clouds heat escapes, giving colder nights
9 2.1.3Define the terms Equinox & Solstice Solstice: 1.Occurs Dec 21 & June 21 2.Longest amount of daylight/dark in the year! 3.Sun is directly over head @ 12 noon on 23.5 o North or South. 4.From Latin for sun stand still Equinox: 1. Occurs Sept. 21 & March 21 2. Equal length of daylight AND dark everywhere on earth! 3. Sun is directly over head @ 12 noon on the equator. 4. From Latin for equal day & night.
10 2.1.3Define the terms Equinox & Solstice Adapted from “World Geography” p. 56 Solstice Equinox
11 2.1.4 Changes in Seasons Relate to Earth’s Revolution around the Sun
Describe how the Seasons are related to the Earth’s Revolution around the Sun Seasons are directly related to the earth’s revolution around the sun Because of the tilt, different places receive different lengths of day and night 12
The tilt in the earth cause sunlight to hit the earth at different angles When the sun is directly overhead, the sun’s rays are more intense As the earth revolves around the sun; 1.the length of day changes 2.the intensity of the sun’s rays change 13
14 2.1.4 As seasons change, so does the amount of direct sunlight
The length of day and intensity of sunlight changes gradually as each hemisphere leans toward or away from the sun. The seasons are characterized by gradual transitions, as each hemisphere receives more or less sunlight 15
Check for Understanding! Chapter 4 Read pages 55-57 Do questions on page 55: #’s 6, 7, 8 and 9 16
17 2.1.4 June 21 st North is in Summer More sun hours More direct sun Noon Sun 90 0 @ Tropic of Cancer South is in Winter Less sun hours Less direct sun September 21 st North is in Fall 12 hrs day & 12 hrs night Noon Sun 90 0 @ Equator South is in Spring March 21 st North is in Spring 12 hrs day & 12 hrs night Noon Sun 90 0 @ Equator South is in Fall Dec 21 st North is in Winter Less sun hours Less direct sun South is in Summer More sun hours More direct sun Noon Sun 90 0 @ Tropic of Capricorn The Earth in its Revolution around the Sun!
2.1.5 Differences in Length of day as Seasons Change. The tilt of the earth’s axis, plus the earth’s rotation in orbit around the sun, gives the earth different lengths of daylight! The pole pointed towards the sun receives more hours of exposure to the sun. This feature gives this hemisphere longer days. 18
Differences in Length of Day…June In June, because of the tilt on the earth's axis, the north pole points towards the sun. It receives more hours of exposure to the sunlight hence giving it longer days. 19 June Solstice
Differences in Length of Day…June Northern hemisphere only rotates out of the sunlight for a short period each day i.e. Daylight at 5:30 am and dark at 10:00 pm 20 June Solstice
Differences in Length of Day…December In December, because of the tilt on the earth's axis, the north pole points away from the sun. It receives fewer hours of exposure to the sun hence giving it shorter days. 21 December Solstice
Differences in Length of Day…December Northern hemisphere rotates out of the sunlight for a long period each day i.e. Daylight at 8:30 am and dark at 4:30 pm 22 December Solstice
Differences in Length of Day…equinoxes (Mar 21 & Sept 21) On March 21 and September 21, because of the tilt on the earth's axis, all parts of the earth receive equal amounts of sunlight. Day and night are of the same length. 23 March 21 and Sept 21
2.1.6 Differences in Temperature as Seasons Change. Two factors: 1. Longer summer daylight hours means there are more heating hours and fewer cooling hours. 2. More direct sunlight gives greater intensity of heat! 24
25 2.1.6 Common Misconception! Misconception : The difference in summer and winter is due to the earth getting closer or further from the sun. Actually we are further from the sun in our summer! The difference in summer and winter is due to the tilt of the earth on its axis!
Remember! The earth’s rotation in orbit around the sun accompanied by the tilt of the earth on its axis, gives the earth different day lengths, differences in temperatures, and ultimately different seasons! The pole pointed towards the sun receives more hours of exposure to the sun. This tilting gives the pole pointed toward the sun longer days and warmer temperatures. 26