2 Revising and EditingSpellingSentence StructurePunctuationGrammar
3 Commonly Confused words: Their, there, they’reTheir (possessive), there (location), they’re (they are)Then, thanThen (Time), Than (Comparing)It’s, itsIt’s (It is), Its (Possessive)Too, two, toToo (Also, Excessively), Two (number), to (preposition/direction)In, on, at (prepositions)Except, acceptExcept (But, excluding), Accept (Take)
4 Sentence Structure: Compound ( , FANBOYS) You must rest, for you will be taking the test in the morning.Complex (WABU: When, After, Because, Until, etc.)Until you submit your application, I cannot help you.
5 Phrases/Clauses: Phrases/Clauses: Prepositional phrase (no subject or verb)under the table, over the table, beside the table, next to the table, on the table, around the tableAppositive phrase (no subject or verb)Mrs. Gutierrez, the school nurse, gave me an ice pack for my forehead.Subordinating clause (Sub. conjunction & subject and verb)While you were out, someone called.Someone called while you were out.
6 Dictionary Use Misspelled words Capitalized words Prefix/suffix meaningsHyphenated wordsParts of Speech to determine if used correctly in the sentence
7 Transition words and phrases Know the meaningRecognize pattern or relationship (example, agreement, sequence, order, time, adding, comparing, contrasting, cause and effect, concluding)HOTCASA:However, On the other hand, Therefore, Consequently,As a result
8 Commas – Study foldable! Compound sentencesComplex sentencesIn a seriesBetween adjectives of equal rank (not the last adjective before the noun)After introductory words, phrases, and clausesTo set off parenthetical expressions (names, therefore, of course, not yours)Nonessential expressions (appositive phrases, participial phrases etc.)Dates, Geographical names, numbers, addresses, letters
9 Quotation Marks Direct quotations, speaker tag Titles of short written works (poems, short stories, songs, TV shows, articles)
10 Possessives Single vs. plural (make plural first than possessive) Dog’s leash…Dogs’ leashesIrregular plurals (make plural first than possessive)Man – men’s suitsWolf – wolves' den
11 Relative Pronouns: Who/Which/That Who (People)My friend, who won the award, is now going on a week-long vacation.That (People, Things/Concepts)He is the kind of person that will never let you down.Which (Things/Concepts)The science fair, which lasted all day, ended with an awards ceremony.
12 Subject-Verb Agreement SingleHe was studying for the test last night.PluralThey were studying for the test last night.
13 VERBS Irregular Past Tense Verbs no –ed (to sing: I sang) Verify with a dictionary (usually spells it out for you)Regular Past Tense Verbs –ed (to walk: I walked)
15 NARRATIVE COMPOSITION Organizational Patterns: cluster, bubble map, listIndentationFirst person (I, me, my)BME (Beginning, Middle, End)Lesson Learned (Theme)Super Sentences, STC (This is a Super Sentence because it has a WABU clause; therefore, I will use them in my composition.)FANBOYS (compound sentences)WABU (complex sentences)When, Whenenver, While; After, Although, As long as; Because, Before; Unless, UntilSAT (WOW) wordsNARRATIVE COMPOSITION