Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

What is a Debate? an argument with rules

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "What is a Debate? an argument with rules"— Presentation transcript:

1 What is a Debate? an argument with rules
two teams present a resolution (sometimes called a proposition) or topic that they will debate Timed arguments One team is for the resolution (PRO or affirmative) and the other team is (AGAINST or negative) a judge decides at the end of the debate who is the winner (based on point system)

2 Order of Speaking Very important Cannot be changed See handout

3 The 3 major parts of a debate

4 1. CONSTRUCTIVE SPEECH Begins with BIRT (Be it resolved that…)
States 3 or 4 supporting points first Then elaborates on each one Plan your strategy (for e.g., go from strongest to weakest) Recap at the end

5 2. CROSS-EXAMINATION Most difficult part Thinking on your feet
Question the validity of your opponents' constructive speech by source, date, relevance Show their weakest points Question them aggressively Start with general questions then get really specific Undermine the evidence

6 3. REBUTTAL Designed to argue the case made
It's your time to point out the inconsistences, absurdities, and illogical argurments of your opponents. Provides the opportunity for speakers to critique their opponents' arguments Absolutely no new evidence may be presented during this time It's time to do some final damage here

7 Important: The first speaker in a debate must make sure that the resolution is clearly stated and defined. Make sure you speak clearly: the general rule for public speaking is to speak half as fast and twice as loud as you usually would

8 What is the Resolution? The topic of the debate
The point on which both parties have agreed to debate Always stated in the positive Begins with the phrase (BIRT): Be it resolved that …

9 Some examples: Be it resolved that Canada is a better place to live than the U.S.A. NOT Be it resolved that Canada is not a better place to live than the U.S.A.

10 And … Be it resolved that all public schools in Canada should make uniforms mandatory for all students. NOT Be it resolved that all public schools should not make uniforms mandatory for all students.

11 Debating Tips and Strategies
There are many ways to structure a debate In this class, you will follow the handouts carefully and the time allotments will not >There are as many different styles and forms of debates as there are debtaes

12 DON’T attack your opponents.
DON’T side track your opponents with irrelevant points, stay on topic. DON’T attack your opponents. DO stick to your planned, researched arguments.

13 TIPS Cue cards can help a debater to stay focused, but DON’T read from them, use them as a guide. Speak to the audience or moderator, not the teacher.

14 DO thoroughly research your topic and position, the best start to squashing a rebuttal is a well researched, well designed presentation. DON’T simply state facts: This is the path to being a dull speaker Not stating sources or not backing up statements can lead to heavy rebuttal from your opponents Make sure you are presenting an informed position, being proven wrong is damaging and embarrassing, things everyone wants to avoid Be an exciting speaker, be animated, monotone or dry speaking will bore your audience, not win them over Debating is equal parts Substance and Presentation

15 DO use humor and / or anecdotes in your speaking:
Using examples helps illustrate your position, and uses an argument of precedence Make sure your information is appropriate MAKE SURE you do not insult or offend with your anecdotes / jokes, they can be very powerful tools when used properly


17 DO be aware of time constraints, if there are any.
Practice your initial speech so you will be “on top” of the situation. Know what it feels like to speak for the allotted length of time, speaking too much or not enough weakens your position. Knowing and being ready for time constraints will make you appear better organized for your debate, it will also make you less nervous about speaking publicly

18 DON’T try to “juggle” too many points at once
DON’T try to “juggle” too many points at once. State your ideas in a logical order. TIP: the more you practice and plan your speaking, the less nervous you will be. DON’T use inappropriate language or gestures: People will ignore your information if not presented in an appropriate manner.

19 Remember: Any argument that you do not address in a rebuttal will be left in the memory of others as your opponents stated it. Likewise, any rebuttal from your opponents that you do not address will also be left in the minds of your audience / judges. In order to be the most effective, you need to make strong, solid points about your topic, but you also need to take apart your opponents points

20 DO be aware of what your partner(s) plans are.
Having a strategy worked out for your side ahead of time will definitely help you win your debate by being unified and prepared enough to stay collected DON’T work alone and risk being redundant, make the most of your team’s time.

21 DO recycle information in your closing speech.
Remember:The closing speaker(s) should sum up all relevant arguments and rebuttals without introducing any new information.

22 Follow these tips and suggestions, and everything will come together for a successful debate!!!


Download ppt "What is a Debate? an argument with rules"

Similar presentations

Ads by Google