2 Imperialism (1800)Economic, political, and social forces accelerated the drive to take over land in all parts of the globe.The take over of a country or territory by a stronger nation with the intent of dominating the political, economic, and social life of the people of the nation is called Imperialism.The Industrial Revolution provided European countries with a need to add lands to their control for both natural resources and new markets.As Europeans nations industrialized. They searched for new markets and raw materials to improve their economics.The race for colonies grew out of a strong sense of a national pride as well as from economic competition.
3 Social Darwinism(1800’s)Social Darwinism was based on the theories of Charles Darwin.His ideas of plants and animals were applied to economics and politics.The leader of this thinking was Herbert SpencerSocial Darwinism applied to Darwin’s theories and renamed “the survival of the fittest.”Businessmen believed the best companies would make money, the inefficient ones would lose money and go bankrupt.People who were fit for survival would be wealthy while the poor would remain poor because they were unfit.They also believed that there were “lesser peoples” and “superior races”.Imperialists felt they had the right to take over weaker countries.Social Darwinists believed it was natural for stronger countries to dominate weaker ones
4 Old ImperialismThe takeover of a country or territory by a stronger nation with the intent of dominating the political, economic, and social life of the people of that nation.Between about 1500 and 1800, European nations established colonies in the Americas, India, and Southeast Asia, and gained territory on the coasts of Africa and China. Still, European power in these regions of the world was limited.Under old imperialism, the colonies were more of a liability than an asset.Types of imperialism: Colony – a country or a region governed intentionally by a foreign power Protectorate – a country or territory with its own internal government but under the control of an outside power Sphere of Influence – an area in which an outside power claims exclusive investment or trading privileges Economic Imperialism – independent but less developed nations controlled by private business interests rather than by other governments.
5 New Imperialism ( )Imperialism is the domination of one country of the political, economic, or cultural life of another country.Between 1870 and 1914, nationalism had produced strong, centrally governed nation-statesThe industrial revolution had made economics stronger as wellDuring this time, Japan, the United States, and the industrialized nations of Europe became more aggressive in expanding onto other landsThe new imperialism was focused mainly on Asia and Africa, where declining empires and local wars left many states vulnerableIn Africa, many states had been weakened by the legacy of the slave trade
6 Causes of Imperialism(1870-1914) Nationalism and social DarwinismNationalism promotes the idea of national superiority, imperialists felt that they had the right to take control of countries they viewed as weaker.Social Darwinism applied to Darwin's theory of survival of the fittest to competition between nations.The theory lead people to believe that it was natural for stronger nations to dominate weaker onesMilitary MotivesColonies were important as bases for re-supply of shipsA nation with many colonies had power and securityEconomic motivesRaw materials are needed for factoriesNew markets were also neededWhite Man’s BurdenThis poem offered a justification for imperialismWhite imperialists had a moral duty to educate people in nation they considered less developed.
7 White Man’s Burden (1899) The title of a poem by Rudyard Kipling. Offered justification for imperialism.Expressed the idea that white imperialists had a moral duty to educate people in nations considered “less developed.”Missionaries spread western ideas, customs, and religious beliefs to Africa and Asia.White Englishmen had on obligation to support and run less fortunate countries.