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Corporate-Level Evaluation on IFAD’s Engagement in Fragile and Conflict Affected States and Situations: Draft Final Report 4 February 2014.

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Presentation on theme: "Corporate-Level Evaluation on IFAD’s Engagement in Fragile and Conflict Affected States and Situations: Draft Final Report 4 February 2014."— Presentation transcript:

1 Corporate-Level Evaluation on IFAD’s Engagement in Fragile and Conflict Affected States and Situations: Draft Final Report 4 February 2014

2 Definition “Fragile states are characterized by weak policies, weak institutions and weak governance, resulting in meagre economic growth, widespread inequality and poor human development. Fragile states are more exposed to the risk of outbreaks of violence than are non-fragile states. Fragile states may be well endowed with natural resources or be resource poor”. Source: IFAD 2006 Policy on Crisis Prevention and Recovery. 1

3 Background IFAD classifies member states as fragile states based on AsDB, AfDB, OECD and World Bank combined list. In 2014, 48 IFAD member states were classified as fragile states. Nearly half are also classified as MICs. About 1.25b people live in countries affected by fragility, conflict and violence. Fragile States have higher poverty rates, lower growth rates, and weaker human development indicators than other low-income countries. Fragile States are also diverse: conflict, post-conflict, chronically violent, rapidly growing, slow-growing, resource-rich, resource-poor, very large and very small.

4 IFAD policy and operations
Since 2004, three dedicated policies guide IFAD’s work in FCS: (i) 2006 Policy on crisis prevention and recovery; (ii) 2008 Role in fragile states; and (iii) 2011 Guidelines for disaster early recovery. Fragile states account for around 45% of PBAS allocation in (around USD1.2 billion). Around 60% of the funds will be lent on HC terms. Around 40% of IFAD member states with ongoing operations are classified as fragile states. 40% of ongoing projects in the current portfolio are in fragile states.

5 Evaluation objectives and timelines
Main objectives: (i) assess the performance of IFAD’s engagement in fragile and conflict affected states and situations (FCS); (ii) identify explanatory factors of performance; and (iii) generate findings, lessons and recommendations. Evaluation covers IFAD’s strategies and operations from (10 years). Presentation to the IFAD10 in October 2014 and to the Executive Board in April 2015.

6 Evaluation Methodology
Mixed method approach: (i) desk review; (ii) re-analysis of existing performance data; (iii) interviews with key informants; (iv) electronic survey; and (v) 10 country case studies. An implicit results chain was developed for defining key evaluation questions and analysis. Limitations, for example, in terms of sampling biases in countries selected and lack of operational guidelines for several sectoral policies. 5

7 Main Findings (1) - Project Performance
Historically, overall project achievement has been weaker in fragile states (51% MS+), as compared to other countries (77%). Results have improved for projects closing from 2010 onwards, especially those always classified as FCS. Significant improvements in IFAD’s performance as a partner, but much less in Government performance. FCS with ICOs show generally better IFAD performance (4.1), as compared to non-FCS without ICOs (3.8). 6

8 Overall project achievement
Projects with moderately satisfactory or better performance across two time periods % with Satisfactory performance Effectiveness Efficiency Poverty impact Overall project achievement No. projects Always fragile 62 14 37 50 *8* Partial fragile 84 61 82 76 38 Never fragile 80 73 78 58 Total 104 64 36 11 79 89 33 85 72 87 47 91 * Note relatively small number of completed projects from ‘Always fragile’ countries. 7

9 Main findings (2) – Country Programme Performance: Average rating Source: CPEs 2008-2013.
Evaluation rating Fragile states Non-fragile states Non-lending activities 3.7 3.9 COSOP performance 4.0 4.3 Overall IFAD-Government partnership 4.2 4.4 8

10 Main findings (3) – IFAD’s policy framework
The strategic framework pays attention to IFAD’s role in fragile states. The and frameworks made no reference. The broader policy framework is fragmented, and does not tackle many wider issues related to fragility and conflict. There are no additional resources made available to countries by virtue of being labelled as fragile states. 9

11 Main findings (4) – Country strategies
Fragility classification is unwelcome to member states. Seven of the ten countries covered have moderately satisfactory relevant portfolios in context of fragility. Context and risk analysis is highly variable. Customisation of strategies and development approaches in FCS is insufficient. Heavy demand on country programme managers. 10

12 Key conclusions The current approach to classifying fragile states needs reconsideration. IFAD’s policy framework has an insufficient focus on fragility and conflict. The COSOP is overloaded and country programme management is under-resourced. Guidelines on project design are not always specific enough to address issues associated with fragility. Country presence and direct supervision and implementation support has brought benefits. Weak Government performance and overambitious design is a major driver of weaker performance. 11

13 Recommendations Policy and strategy
Adopt a simpler approach to using classifications of fragile states. Draft a policy statement that defines how IFAD plans to engage with fragile and conflict affected states and sub-national situations. Reconsider the link to IDA’s post-conflict additional resource allocation. Change the approach to analysis in the COSOP. 12

14 Recommendations (Cont.)
Project and programme design Programme design needs to identify where IFAD can engage and where it cannot. In fragile states with low government capacity, IFAD should link in partnerships to state building and peacebuilding approaches. Implementation Expand implementation support in quantity and technical content. Results measurement and learning Plan and resource project M&E more selectively. Revise IFAD’s results measurement framework to include indicators of outcomes related to fragility. Link project ratings to evidence. More attention to lessons learned. 13

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