Presentation on theme: "The Cold War United States vs. Soviet Union 1945 - 1989."— Presentation transcript:
The Cold War United States vs. Soviet Union 1945 - 1989
A rivalry is born United States and the Soviet Union emerged from World War II as world powers, triggering a rivalry over ideology and national security.
What is “Cold War”? State of tension without actual fighting between the United States and the Soviet Union, which divided the world into two camps.
Who fought during the Cold War? Unitedvs. Soviet StatesUnion -VS-
Origins of the Cold War Differences in goals and ideologies United States – democratic and capitalist Soviet Union – dictatorial and communist DEMOCRATICDICTATORIAL
Origins of the Cold War Soviet Union’s domination of Eastern European countr ies
Origins of the Cold War American policy of containment (stop the spread of communism) – Containment: stop communism – Communism: a system where all the wealth and property are owned by the state.
Origins of the Cold War North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) Democratic Warsaw Pact Communist vs.
Warsaw Pact & NATO Map 1.Label all countries that joined NATO and the Warsaw Pact in 1955. Use different colors to shade the nations who joined NATO and the Warsaw Pact in 1955. Create a key. Use textbook or atlas. 2.Use your maps to answer the following questions. Write questions answers on separate paper. Which nations belonged to NATO? Which to the Warsaw Pact? Which nations remained neutral? Which Eastern European nations belonged to NATO? At approximately what longitude were East and West Germany divided? Through which countries does the Prime Meridian run? What generalization can you make about how post-World War II treaties divided Europe? Which organization did the United States join, NATO or the Warsaw Pact? Why do you think the United States joined a European Alliance?
Reason for the conflicts US involvement in various conflicts reflected the divisions created by Cold War tensions and hostilities
Korean War South Korea and the United States resisted Chinese and North Korean aggression. 1950 – 1953 ending in a stalemate.
Cuban Missile Crisis 1962 Soviet Union placed missiles in Cuba. Soviets removed the missiles in response to a US blockade of Cuba Lasted 13 days Duck and Cover
Vietnam War US intervened to stop the spread of communism into South Vietnam (Domino Theory). Domino Theory – fear that if communists took South Vietnam the other countries of Southeast Asia would fall to communism.
Vietnam War at Home Americans divided over whether the US should be involved militarily in Vietnam.
End of Vietnam War Ended in a cease-fire agreement in which US troops withdrew 1973 58,000 troops lost
Conflict Foldable 1.Make a 3 tab foldable. 2.Leave 1 inch area to write title. 3.Title: Conflicts of the Cold War 4.Label 3 sections Korean War, Cuban Missile Crisis, Vietnam War 5.Inside include the Who?, What?, When?, Where?, Why? of each event. 6.Include a picture for each event.
Berlin Wall Built to separate East and West Berlin in Germany (East was communist, West democratic) Fell in November 1989
Collapse of Communism in Europe Breakup of the Soviet Union into independent countries. 1991
New Challenges Role of US military intervention Environmental challenges Global issues including trade, jobs, diseases, energy
Cold War Study Questions Complete the Cold War Study Question worksheet. Write questions and answers on separate paper. Due in class….NOT HOMEWORK! Homework: Unit 8 take home test. Due Monday or will be a 0…no exceptions!!