2 Leonardo Da VinciLeonardo once wrote, “Know the proportions in human beings and other animals and learn the forms of all things on the earth. The more you know, the better you will paint.”
3 Leo’s NotebookLeonardo was constantly taking notes about the world around him. He filled many notebooks with sketches of animals, people, and nature.He took many measurements and was always trying to find a perfect balance so that his art had proportion.
5 What is Proportion? Simply… Proportion means that you make the parts fit well with each other.More Specifically…Proportion in art is the relationship between two or more elements.When we talk about proportion in art works we are using comparing the size of one object in the artwork to the size of another related object in the artwork. You can also compare:height, width and depth of the objectssize of one area to the size of another areaamount of space between two or more elementsProportion is usually not even noticed until something is out of proportion. For example, if a person has a head larger than their entire body, then we would say that they were out of proportion.Good ProportionOut of Proportion
7 The Self-Portrait:Here’s a drawing Leonardo drew of himself as an old man.A picture that an artist makes of him/herself is called a self-portrait.
8 Face MappingFace Mapping is a technique used to set up the proportion of the features on a face.
9 By drawing lines that act as guides, you can figure out where parts go and how large they should be. This will help make your face look more realistic.With some practice, maybe you’ll be the next Leonardo da Vinci!
12 Using a ruler, split the oval in half horizontally and vertically These are called lines of symmetry because your face is symmetrical. This means that the features on your right are the same as your features on the left. The top and bottom are a different story.Make sure to draw lightly. These lines will get erased.
13 Draw a line between the midline and the top of the oval. Draw a line between the midline and bottom of the oval
14 Draw a line between the bottom line and the chin Each of these lines represents where something on your face will be drawn. Watch carefully as each section is revealed.Hair LineMiddle of the eyesBottom of the noseBottom of the bottom lip
15 Drawing your Self-Portrait: The CameraThe Human EyeDrawing your Self-Portrait:EyesWhat shape are eyes?
16 Drawing your Self-Portrait: The CameraThe Human EyeDrawing your Self-Portrait:Pupil = Black part of your eye, located in the center of your iris, allows light into your eye so you can seeParts of the eyeTear Duct = Little pink bump where your tears come outEyeball = White part of your eyeIris = Colored part of your eye
17 DRAWING THE EYESDid you know that the eyes are actually located in the center of the head, contrary to popular belief?Don’t forget to draw your eyebrows right above your eyes!Your eyebrows are more than thin lines. Make sure to take the extra time to draw the hairs. Which direction do they grow?You could also fit five eyes in the width of your head.
19 Drawing your Self-Portrait: EyesLooking at your eyes in a mirror draw your iris, pupil, eyelid, and any other lines or qualities that make your eye unique.IrisColored PartCircleUsually hidden on the top or bottom by the eyelidPupilBlackCenter of Iris
21 Drawing the NoseNotice the placement of the nose. The bottom of the nose rests on the third line down
22 Drawing the lips Draw your top and bottom lips to create your mouth. Think of your upper lip as two small circles side by side.Think of your bottom lip as one bigger oval.How do the lip muscles look? Think about how they function together and why it is the shape that it is.
23 Notice that the bottom of the bottom lip touches the bottom line. Drawing the MouthAlso notice that the mouth stretches from the middle of one eye to the middle of the other eye.Notice that the bottom of the bottom lip touches the bottom line.
24 Drawing the EarsNotice that the ears stretch from the middle of the eyes to the bottom of the nose
25 Notice that the hairline starts at the top green line Drawing the HairNotice that the hairline starts at the top green line
26 Drawing the Neck Notice that the neck stretches from ear to ear. Some neck widths will vary depending onthe person
27 Erase all of your mapping lines. Finishing UpErase all of your mapping lines.You can now add extra details like strands of hair, eye lashes or any other unique marks.Make sure that your chin and jaw lines don’t remain a perfect oval. “Flesh out” the chin by looking at your own as an example.You can also use value to make facial features appear three dimensional