Presentation on theme: "ETHICS IN ACADEMIC WORK Module 5: STUDY SKILLS FOR UNDERGRADUATES."— Presentation transcript:
ETHICS IN ACADEMIC WORK Module 5: STUDY SKILLS FOR UNDERGRADUATES
Module Learning Outcomes At the end of this session, students will be able to: 1)recognize types of plagiarism. 2)use proper citation and referencing in their academic works. Plagiarism Funny
What is PLAGIARISM? “… copying portion of the writing of others with only minor changes in wording with inadequate footnotes, quotes, or other reference forms or citation” [UniKL URR, (Ed. 7 Amendment), p. 22] “… copying someone else’s words, information or even ideas without acknowledging the source (the person and the work)” [Handbook for Post Graduate Students, UM, p. 7]
Penalty for PLAGIARISM? Plagiarism is categorized under Academic Misconducts (URR, p. 22). The penalty can be any one or combination of two or more of the following penalties ranging from: a)Reprimanding students in writing; b)Redoing of assignment with reduce marks;
Penalty for PLAGIARISM? (cont.) c)Student’s work is given zero (“0”) mark; d)Reducing 50% marks for students coursework. e)Suspension for 1 semester; f)Expulsion from the university. (Source: URR Ed. 7 Amend., p. 27)
Types of PLAGIARISM? TYPES OF PLAGIARISM Total / Partial Copying Cut and Paste i.e. Copying large chunks of text from one or more original sources and inserting them into the assignment. Inappropriate paraphrasing i.e. Copied totally or partially from a website, a friend’s work, or some other sources, without acknowledgement. i.e. Altered only slightly from the original sources and no acknowledgment of the original author is given.
Some PLAGIARISM Examples Choose topic/title for your report/ course works same as some other completed work. Submit as your own someone else’s unpublished work, either with or without permission. Use graphs, diagrams, charts, drawing, image, etc. of others without citing the source.
Some PLAGIARISM Examples (Cont.) Submit the same paper for more than one class. Submit your own previous work again. Do a course work, write an article, answer examination questions, for other people.
How to avoid PLAGIARISM 1)Direct / Indirect Citation 2)Paraphrase 3)Summarize
What is CITATION/QUOTATION? “…is when you refer to the work of other authors in your work……” [UniKL FYP Handbook (Version 2), p. XX] Each citation will require a detail reference of the source and it should be able to be traced. [UniKL FYP Handbook (Version 2), p. XX]
Types of CITATION/QUOTATION Citation is categorized into 2: 1) DIRECT CITING: When you copy the exact words of another author, then provide the page number. Example: As one author argues that “the entrepreneurship enhances the country’s wealth” (Hisham, 2010, p. 45)
Types of CITATION/QUOTATION (Cont.) 2) INDIRECT CITING: =When you rephrase the statements of other author. Example: Hisham (2010) found that there is link between entrepreneurship and country’s economy.
How to do CITATION ? There are many citation styles, but UniKL uses either APA or Harvard styles: 1) American Psychological Association (APA) Example: Refer to APPENDIX 1. 2) Harvard Example: Refer to APPENDIX 2.
What is PARAPHRASING? = rewording of other author’s statement in your own words.
How to PARAPHRASE? Example: Original Text - UniKL is the first technical university in Malaysia embedding entrepreneurial elements into its programs. Rephrase – Malaysia’s first technical university adopting entrepreneurial elements into its programs is UniKL.
What is SUMMARIZING? = write a shortened version of the original source without changing the contextual meaning.
How to SUMMARIZE? Example: Original Text - Entrepreneurship education can sharpen individual skills and develop unseen potentials, as well as provides opportunities for development of team- work, leadership, communication, problem solving, thinking ability, and other skills that are so demanding to organization today and useful for their career advancement.
How to SUMMARIZE? (Cont.) Summarize – Entrepreneurship brings out students’ hidden potential and nurture their soft skills that are useful for business.
MODULE SUMMARY 1)Plagiarism is a serious Academic Misconduct as per University’s Rules & Regulation. 2)3 common types of plagiarism are total/ partial copying, cut and paste, and inappropriate paraphrasing. 3)2 common citation styles adopt by UniKL is APA and Harvard.
Self Check Exercise 1 For each of the situation below, identify which type of plagiarism it falls into? Situation 1: You have been given an assignment on the topic - “Quality Control”. You do a search on the internet and discover information on the Wikipedia website. Since it gives a clear and interesting explanation about quality control, you highlight the whole text, press Ctrl-V, and paste it into your assignment.
Self Check Exercise 1 (Cont.) Situation 2: You are doing the assignment on “Product design” and you include a few sentences from an article related to your topic without quoting/citing the original source.
Self Check Exercise 2 “PANDAI-PANDAI LA TAMBAH SENDIRI”