Presentation on theme: "School Development Planning Initiative"— Presentation transcript:
1 School Development Planning Initiative Regional SeminarNEWB Guidelines for Developing A Code of BehaviourIncorporating NEWB and SDPI materials
2 Purpose of this session Highlight key features of the Guidelines as a context for Audit and Review of a school’s Code of BehaviourShare good practice in relation to key issues identified by Guidelines and Audit instrumentOutline a planning process
3 Education (Welfare) Act 2000 Section 23 (2) : A code of behaviour shall specifythe standards of behaviour that shall be observed by each student attending the school(b) the measures that may be taken when a student fails or refuses to observe those standards(c) the procedures to be followed before a student may be suspended or expelled from the school concernedSchools operate in a complex legal environment. The code of behaviour must comply with the provisions of several laws, as well as a range of Constitutional provisions and International Conventions that have been adopted by Ireland. The Guidelines aim to assist Boards of Management and Principals to act in accordance with their legal obligations when drawing up and operating the code of behaviour. With this in mind, the Guidelines have integrated information about the most relevant current legal and constitutional provisions. There is a list of relevant legislation and legal instruments on pages 7-9.The Guidelines recognise that the exercise of professional judgement by all who work in the school is the foundation of effective practice. That judgement must be exercised in a manner that is consistent with good practice and in line with the legal obligations of Boards of Management, and accompanied by a process of accountability.Education Act 1998Key provisions relevant to the code of behaviour provide for:Access to records: section 9(g)Publication of policies: section 15(2)Responsibilities of the Board of Management: sections 14-21Principal’s responsibilities for setting objectives: sections 22 & 23Information for students and Student Councils and student involvement: section 27Provision for appeals: section 29 (amended by Education (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 2007Education (Welfare) Act 2000General duties of NEWB towards schools: sections 10 & 11Provisions relating to notification by parents of reasons for a student’s non-attendance at school: section 18Provisions for school codes of behaviour: section 23Provisions relating to expulsion of a student: section 24Provisions relating to appeals: section 26
5 Why Now? Change: society, culture & school practice Inclusion agenda…national policyPartnership….parents & studentsResearch re promotion of good behaviourFair proceduresWhole school ethos…adult leadershipEffective Planning Process
6 NEWB Guidelines contain Legal ObligationsGood practice guidance
7 Approach Preventive Inclusive Whole child approach Whole school approachAssist and support existing school workProfessional judgement and responsibility
8 Structure of NEWB Guidelines Chapter1 Introduction2 Auditing and reviewing existing code3, 4 Foundations of an effective code5–9 Developing a code that will enable a school to manage behaviour effectively:setting standards,responding to inappropriate behaviour,promoting positive behaviour.Suspensions and expulsions
9 Basic principles In groups: What are the basic principles underpinning an effective code of behaviour?
10 Foundations of an Effective Code Ch. 3: Basic Principles Providing clarityAffirming that everyone’s behaviour mattersFocusing on promoting good behaviourBalancing needsRecognising that relationships are crucialFocusing on personal responsibilityEnsuring fairness and equityPromoting equalityRecognising educational vulnerabilityAttending to the welfare of studentsAttending to the welfare of staffPromoting safety and freedom from threatp. 22, NEWB Guidelines
11 Foundations of an effective code Ch.4. Learning, relationships and behaviour are linked5. A whole-school approach to behaviourBehaviour has meaning. It is not random. It serves a purpose and has goals, though these goals may not be easy to recognise.Behaviour can be learned. This means it can change.Behaviour takes place within a particular context and in relation to other people. Understanding the context is central to understanding the behaviour.What teachers, other adults and other students do in response to a student’s behaviour is critical in influencing the choices students make about how they behave.Effective teaching and learning are closely linked to good behaviour.Positive acknowledgement is a very effective way of influencing and promoting good learning behaviour.The quality of relationships affects behaviour
12 Ch. 6: Setting standards of behaviour Developing a set of standards for behaviour in the schoolInvolving the school community in discussions about standardsInvolving the students in developing school and classroom rulesModelling the standardsTeaching students about the standards and how to live up to themHaving ways of ensuring that students with special needs understand what is expected of thempp.36-39, NEWB Guidelines
13 Ch. 7: Promoting good behaviour A whole school approachStrategies for strengthening student and parental involvementHaving ways to communicate high expectations for studentsHaving ways to review the quality of relationships between students and staffp. 44, NEWB Guidelines
14 Ch. 8: Responding to inappropriate behaviour Developing a policy on how sanctions will be used to help students change inappropriate behaviourHaving an agreed set of strategies for intervening positively to help students to change inappropriate behaviourHaving clearly defined roles and responsibilities for members of staff in relation to behaviour and communicating these roles widelyAgreeing a standardised way of recording matters to do with students’ behaviourp.55, NEWB Guidelines
15 Ch. 9: Implementing the Code of Behaviour Template for a Code of Behaviour p.59Teaching the CodeRecordsDealing with concerns and complaintspp. 57–64, NEWB Guidelines
16 Ch. 10: Suspensions and Expulsions Ensuring the school policy and procedures on suspension and expulsion that are in line with the NEWB Guidelines and approved by the Board and the PatronEnsuring the policy in widely communicatedDeveloping and documenting good practiceHaving fair procedures for investigation and decision makingHaving procedures informing parents and students about their right to appealHaving a system for regular review by the Board of the use of suspensions / expulsionspp. 66 – 87, NEWB Guidelines
17 Fair Procedures for Serious Sanctions The way in which fair procedures are applied will take account of the seriousness of the alleged misbehaviour and what is reasonable in the context of the schoolThe right to be heard – parents and pupil fully informed and given an opportunity to respond before the decision is madeAbsence of bias in the decision maker – e.g. parent rep on Board not present when deciding on sanction for their childImpartiality in decision making – where possible staff member investigates and reports, Principal then free to take impartial decisionNatural justice
19 2. Auditing and reviewing the code of behaviour Auditing an existing code of behaviour: “As a first step in implementing these guidelines, Boards of Management are required to arrange for an audit of the existing code of behaviour. The audit will enable the school to identify how well its current code reflects good practice and meets relevant legal obligations.”Reviewing an existing code of behaviour: “When the audit identifies aspects of the code that need to be reviewed, the Board of Management, together with the Principal, should prioritise areas for review.”Key Requirements: Auditing and reviewing the code of behaviour. Refer to pp Guidelines. Audit checklist on NEWB websiteUndertaking an audit of the codePreparing an action plan, with a timeframe, for reviewing and updating the codeImplementing the action planProviding staff with time and opportunities to engage in work on the code of behaviourEnsuring that staff, students, parents and other members of the school community are involved in the review and revision of the code
20 Auditing your CodeAn audit is an examination of every area of the content and operation of the code of behaviour to check for completeness and compliance with legal requirements and good practice as set out in the Guidelines.What is an audit? (p.12). Audit checklist available on NEWB website.An audit of the existing code is the starting point for every school that already has a code of behaviour.An audit is an examination of every area of the content and operation of the code of behaviour to check for completeness and compliance with legal requirements and good practice as set out in these Guidelines.The Principal and staff, or a small group representing staff, parents and the Board of Management, will usually conduct the audit, having familiarised themselves with the Guidelines. Ideally the audit should be done in advance of planning day/staff meetingThe audit will identify those aspects of the code that are working well, and will reveal any differences between the practice suggested by the Guidelines and the operation of the code. The audit will also identify areas that the Guidelines suggest should be covered but that are not addressed by the existing code.Where the audit identifies aspects of the school code that need to be reviewed or addressed, the Board of Management, together with the Principal, should prioritise these areas and develop an action plan for doing this work.Following the audit the school community should have identified the gaps between its current code/practice and the guidelinesThey should have….Confirmation of areas of the operation of the Code that are working wellA short list of areas on which work is requiredPriorities for actionAnd a plan for doing the work
21 Follow up REVIEW of specific aspects of the code identified in the Audit Describe current practiceEvaluate its effectivenessList options for improvementDevise action plans for improvement and implementation
22 Workshop Examine the ‘Audit Checklist’: Setting Standards of Behaviour (second page) orImplementing the School Code of Behaviour (third page)Identify the responses which most schools might be likely to give to each question- ‘Yes’ - ‘Maybe’ ‘No’In the case of any one area, share school experiences:What is working well in your own school?What might be the focus of your follow up review?What next steps might a school take in revising the Code and its implementation?
23 Sample of Questions from the Audit Setting Standards of Behaviour Does the school have clear standards of behaviour for everyone?Does the school have a range of ways of communicating these standards to students, staff and parents?Were students involved in developing the school rules?
24 Sample Questions Setting Standards of Behaviour Are students involved in developing classroom rules?Does the school have ways of ensuring that students with special needs understand what is expected of them?
25 Sample of Questions from the Audit Implementing the School Code of Behaviour Does the school have a range of ways of communicating the Code of Behaviour to staff, students and parents?Does the school have a written Code?Apart from giving parents the written code, does the school do anything else to help parents to understand and support the code?Are there lesson plans and programmes to help students to learn the skills and knowledge they need in order to behave well?
26 Sample of Questions from the Audit Implementing the School Code of Behaviour Does the school monitor patterns of behaviour in the school?Is there a standard system in the school for keeping records about behaviour?Are there recognised ways for staff, students and parents to raise concerns about behaviour or to make complaints?Has the school advised parents about how they should notify a child’s absence from school?
27 Review Sample IssuesDoes the school have a range of ways of communicating these standards to students, staff and parents?Are students involved in developing the school rules?Are there recognised ways for staff, students and parents to raise concerns about behaviour and raise complaints?
28 Review - Discussion How would you proceed to review? Use a sample issue from the checklist:‘Are students involved in developing the school rules?’
29 CoB Task Group Establish Current Practice Consult staff:Are there ways in which staff members consult / discuss rules with students?Has the school any practice of consulting students about issues?Have students given any feedback about rules?Are these practices effective? How do you know?Consider the rationale for consultation (next slide)
30 CoB Task Group Rationale for action What might consultation of students about school rules achieve?What concerns might arise about doing so?Are there safeguards that would ensure that it is was a positive exercise?
31 CoB Task Group Proposals for Action How might the students be consulted?Should a variety of ways be employed?How will representativeness be ensured?Who will manage consultation?What questions would focus the exercise?
32 CoB Task Group Action Plan – Approved by BoM WhatHowWhoWhenAims – success criteriaMonitoring of implementationEvaluation of resultsEvaluation of consultation(See SDPI website for sample templates)
33 Suggested Next Steps Board of Management decision to initiate Audit Establish an ‘Audit Team’ – Principal, staff members, Parents’ Association, Student Council….?Involve and engage partners throughout audit processStaff briefing on key issues in Guidelines, use Audit Checklist to focus on selected areas, generate ideas for follow up.Similar appropriate briefing for Parents’ Association, Student CouncilAudit Team prepares report on Staff, Parent, Pupil consultations
34 Audit Team conducts thorough audit to examine whether the current code complies with legislation and good practice as specified in GuidelinesIdentify the changes neededWhere necessary conduct specific review of areas identifiedDevelop draft Action Plan in relation to proposed changesSeek Board approval for Action Plan and proposed changes to CodeCommunicate changes to school community and implement revised CodeEvaluate effectiveness of revised Code
35 ConclusionHas your Board delegated to the principal the authority to suspend in accordance with NEWB Guidelines?