2 explain how the rotation of Earth influences movement of objects that are not connected to the surfacedescribe how the Coriolis Effect deflects moving parcels of air in the northern and southern hemispheresKey WordsCoriolis effectdeflection currents
3 Everything on Earth moves at the speed the Earth rotates. This speed is different for objects at different latitudes.
9 Air is colder near the poles and warmer near the equator. When air warms, the particles move apart and rise.Warm air is less dense. Less air density means low pressure.Particles of cold air are close together.Cool air is more dense andhas a higher pressure and sinks.hotcold
11 Fluids (liquid, gas) move from areas of high pressure to areas of low pressure. This pressure movementof cold and warm air createsCONVECTION CELLS.
12 Warm air at the equator is forced up and away north and south. Cold, dense air at the poles moves along the Earth’s surface towards the equator.Warm air at the equator is forced up and away north and south.CONVECTION CELLS
13 Convection cells that cover the Earth are also affected by the Corliolis effect. Convection cell winds affect large areas and are called prevailing winds.Wind is new air from a different location that has a different speed then the air in that spot.
18 Moving toward poles – lead earth's rotation – headed to regions where the earth's rotational speed is slower – curves East.Moving toward equator – lag earth's rotation – headed to regions where the earth's rotational speed is faster – curves West.The Coriolis effect of the Earth’s rotation is greatest at the poles.The amount of deflection decreases as latitude decreases, until it is zero at the equator.
19 Lower atmosphere – contacts the surface of the Earth Lower atmosphere – contacts the surface of the Earth. Friction between air and land drags the air at the same speed as surface rotation.Upper atmosphere – not fixed to the Earth’s surface, does not move at the same speed or direction as the Earth’s surface.
20 Westerlies - between 30 ° and 60 ° latitude. Shifts from West to East. Polar Easterlies - cold air near the poles (above 60 °) sinks and moves towards the equator. Corliolis effect shifts the winds from East toWest.Westerlies - between 30 ° and 60 ° latitude. Shifts from West to East.(Northeast) Trade winds - between 30 ° North latitude the equator. Shift from the East towards the West.