# Write in your Agenda: Write in your Agenda: Analogies Homework: Read for AR, complete response log Half Points Due Friday.

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Write in your Agenda: Write in your Agenda: Analogies Homework: Read for AR, complete response log Half Points Due Friday

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 What is ananalogy? An analogy is an expression of relationship.

 Look at the examples below: \$rose money love What are some relationships between these two things? -represents - a sign of - stands for - stands for - is a symbol for - is a symbol for

 -represents - a sign of - stands for - is a symbol for What is the best common phrase? (now called the relating factor or RF) -is a symbol for To write this as a sentence: The dollar sign is a symbol for money just as as rose is a symbol for love.

 This is how you would write the analogy using the BRIDGE MAP. \$ as rose money love

Try this one: a. shoe as hat foot head RF= Now write this as a sentence. is worn on A shoe is worn on the foot as a hat is worn on the head.

b. apple as carrot fruit vegetable RF= is a type of Write this as a sentence. An apple is a type of fruit as a carrot is a type of vegetable.

c. leg as wheel body car RF= is a part of Write this as a sentence A leg is a part of a body as a wheel is a part of a car

 You will also see analogies where you have to fill in the missing word. d. hot as black cold First ask the question what is the relating factor? RF= is the opposite of Then make a sentence using the relating factor. Hot is the opposite of cold as black is the opposite of _____. The missing word is???? white

You also need to know what all the words mean. For example: e. reservoir as water money What is a reservoir? A place where anything is collected or stored.

 e. reservoir as water money What is the relating factor? RF = holds Now make this into a sentence. A reservoir holds water as a ______ holds money. bank Because a reservoir holds a large amount of water the best answer for this analogy is bank, not wallet. A bank holds a large amount of money where a wallet does not. bank

 f. as horse centaur What is a mermaid? The body of a woman and tail of a fish What is a centaur? Man’s head, trunk, and arms and a horse’s body and legs. Now that we know the definitions of each word, what is the Relating factor? RF= a part of Write the sentence: A ______ is a part of the mermaid as a horse is a part of a centaur. Go on to next slide for answer mermaid

 Why isn’t the answer woman? Since the word horse is used with centaur, your answer for mermaid must be similar. The answer for mermaid is fish. If the analogy were man and centaur then your answer would be woman. f. as horse centaur mermaid fish

 There are many kinds of analogies. These are the ones you will see most often. Antonyms or opposite g. in as up out down RF=is the antonym for Sentence:In is the antonym for out as up is the antonym for down.

 Object and its use h. shovel as scissors cut RF=is the object and its use is to Sentence:A shovel is the object and its use is to dig as scissors is the object and its use is to cut. dig

 Place and resident i. hive as pond frog RF=is the place and the resident is the Sentence: A hive is the place and the resident is the bee as a pond is the place and the resident is the frog. bee

 Synonyms j. thin as frightening scary RF= is the synonym for Sentence:Thin is the synonym for slim as frightening is the synonym for scary slim

 Part and whole k. leaf as star tree constellation RF= is part of the whole Sentence:A leaf is part of tree as a star is part of constellation.

Analogies SPI 0701.5.5 Select the correct word or phrase to complete an analogy, using synonyms, antonyms, homonyms, categories, subcategories, whole/part, functions, verb forms).

Question 1 4:50 4:404:304:204:105:00 Horse is to rider as engine is to: a. passenger c. train b. engineer d. coal

Question 2 3:50 3:403:303:203:104:00 Petal is to flower as fur is to a. coat c. warm b. rabbit d. women

Question 3 2:50 2:402:302:202:103:00 Spring is to summer as Thursday is to: a.Monday b. Wednesday c. Friday d. Tuesday

Question 4 1:50 1:401:301:201:102:00 Enormous is huge as muddy is to : a.Kitchen c. rock b.Unclear d. evil

Question 5 :50 :40:30:20:101:00 Poor is to rich as hot is to a. cold b. scalding C. warm d. 100