Presentation on theme: "Osteogensis Imperfecta (OI) “Brittle bone disease”"— Presentation transcript:
Osteogensis Imperfecta (OI) “Brittle bone disease”
Congenital Disease: present at birth Caused by defect in the gene that makes type 1 collagen – Major strucutural protein that helps with the structure of bones, ligaments, and other connective tissue – The type of OI depends on the specific mutation of the gene If you have one copy of the gene then you will get it, which means most cases are inherited from parents but some are created by new genetic mutations (50% chance of passing it on) No cure but there are treatments such as bisphosphonates, casts/braces, and exercise. There are also some surgical treatments that include rods or fusions.
Types Type I – Most common and mildest – Collagen structure is normal but there isn’t as much as there should be Type II – Most severe – Collagen doesn’t form properly – Sometimes bones even break when in the womb so many infants with OI don’t survive Type III – Improperly formed collagen – Severe bone deformities (such as spinal cord) – Loose joints and poor muscle development Type IV – Moderately severe – Improperly formed collagen – Deformities are mild to moderate