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FACTORING TRINOMIALS OF THE FORM X 2 +BX+C Section 6.2

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Factoring Trinomials of the Form x 2 + bx + c Section 6.2 Factor trinomials of the form x 2 + bx + c Factor out the greatest common factor and then factor a trinomial of the form x 2 + bx + c

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Factoring Trinomials of the Form x 2 + bx + c Section 6.2 Multiply the binomials 1. 2. Trinomials of the form x 2 + bx + c result from the product of two binomials of the form (x + m)(x + n).

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Factoring Trinomials of the Form x 2 + bx + c Section 6.2 Multiply the binomials 1. 2. Notice, the first term in the trinomial comes from the product of the first terms in each binomial.

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Factoring Trinomials of the Form x 2 + bx + c Section 6.2 Multiply the binomials 1. 2. Notice, the first term in the trinomial comes from the product of the first terms in each binomial. Notice, the last term in the trinomial comes from the product of the last terms in each binomial.

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Factoring Trinomials of the Form x 2 + bx + c Section 6.2 Multiply the binomials 1. 2. Notice, the first term in the trinomial comes from the product of the first terms in each binomial. Notice, the last term in the trinomial comes from the product of the last terms in each binomial. Notice, the middle term in the trinomial comes from the sum of the last terms in the binomial.

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Factoring Trinomials of the Form x 2 + bx + c Proof Multiply (x + m)(x + n) Section 6.2 The last term, the constant, is the product of the constants in the binomials. The middle term, the coefficient of x, is the sum of the constants in the binomials.

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Factoring Trinomials of the Form x 2 + bx + c Section 6.2 Factor 1. Trinomials of the form x 2 + bx + c result from the product of two binomials of the form (x + m)(x + n) where m+n=b and mn=c. To factor a trinomial: 1. List all factor pairs of c Start here since the amount of factors for a number is finite. 2. Find the pair whose sum or difference is b 3. Check the factorization by multiplying it back out If c is positive, m and n will have the same sign and will add to b If c is negative, m and n will have different signs and will subtract to b What sums to 9? AAACK! Infinite possibilities! What multiplies to 20? Limited number of options! Which of these sum to 9?

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Factoring Trinomials of the Form x 2 + bx + c Section 6.2 Factor 1. 2. 3. 4. Trinomials of the form x 2 + bx + c result from the product of two binomials of the form (x + m)(x + n) where m+n=b and mn=c. To factor a trinomial: 1. List all factor pairs of c Start here since the amount of factors for a number is finite. 2. Find the pair whose sum or difference is b 3. Check the factorization by multiplying it back out If c is positive, m and n will have the same sign and will add to b If c is negative, m and n will have different signs and will subtract to b

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Factoring Trinomials of the Form x 2 + bx + c Special Cases Factor 1. 2. A polynomial that cannot be factored is called prime. Section 6.2

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Factoring Out the Greatest Common Factor Section 6.2 Factor 1. Always begin by factoring out the GCF if it exists. 2.

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