Presentation on theme: "Reflection from Curved Mirrors. 2 Curved mirrors The centre of the mirror is called the pole. A line at right angles to this is called the principal axis."— Presentation transcript:
2 Curved mirrors The centre of the mirror is called the pole. A line at right angles to this is called the principal axis. The focal length of a mirror is half the radius of curvature. The radius of curvature is the radius of the ball that the mirror would have been cut from.
3 Curved Mirrors C = centre of curvature r = radius of curvature F = Focal point or focus f = focal length pa = principal axis P = pole C F P r pa f f = r/2
4 Concave Mirrors Concave (or converging) mirrors focus light at the focal point.
5 Convex Mirrors Convex mirrors have a focal point behind the mirror. Convex (or diverging) mirrors spread the light rays apart so that they appear to have come from the focal point
6 Ray Diagrams Used to find the size, nature and position of images. The nature of an image formed by a mirror or lens can be described according to 3 characteristics: Is it a) upright or inverted b) magnified, diminished or the same size c) Real or virtual
Concave Mirrors 1.Look at your reflection in a concave mirror. The image is virtual and …………… 2.Move the mirror away from you. Why do you think the image has disappeared? 3.What happens to the image as the mirror is moved further away from the object (demo) 4.Think of a use for a concave mirror.
8 Ray Diagrams Rule One: An incident ray parallel to the pa is reflected back through the focal point. Remember that pa = principal axis
9 Ray Diagrams Rule Two: An incident ray that passes through the focal point on the way to the mirror is reflected back parallel to the pa.
Drawing diagrams to solve problems An object of height 5cm is placed 10 cm away from a concave mirror of focal length 6cm. Draw a ray diagram to show the location of the image. Describe the image and calculate its magnification using the formula: Magnification = height of image height of object
What about drawing virtual images Page 64 in your text book. Look at example G The image is virtual because the rays of light do not meet. They seem to be coming from a point which is behind the mirror (just like a plane mirror) but because they are diverging, they give the illusion that the object is larger.
Formula for Spherical Mirrors Descartes’ Formula: Or: m=magnification factor h=height of image or object d=distance from mirror to image or object Distances behind the mirror are negative
An object of height 12cm is placed in front of a concave mirror of focal length 10cm. Complete the table Focal length (f) Position of object (d o ) Position of image (d i ) Height of image (h i ) Magnification 10cm2cm 10cm5cm 10cm 15cm