Presentation on theme: "OVERVIEW OF SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT IN MALAYSIA by Nadzri Yahaya, Ph"— Presentation transcript:
1 OVERVIEW OF SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT IN MALAYSIA by Nadzri Yahaya, Ph OVERVIEW OF SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT IN MALAYSIA by Nadzri Yahaya, Ph.D Director General National Solid Waste Management Department at Workshop on Carbon finance and Municipal Solid Waste Management in Malaysia EiMAS
2 SCOPE OF PRESENTATION Introduction Policies on Solid Wastes Management Legislative FrameworkInstitutional FrameworkConclusion
3 2 types of wastes: Scheduled Waste (Hazardous) and Solid Waste INTRODUCTION2 types of wastes: Scheduled Waste (Hazardous) and Solid WasteScheduled Waste (toxic and hazardous) DOE, NRESolid Waste : NSWMD, MHLG
4 INTRODUCTIONSolid waste generated in 2002 was 17,000 tones per day in Peninsular Malaysia;Generation of solid waste expected to reach 30,000 tones per day in 2020; and9th Malaysia Plan estimated about 45% of the waste is made up of food waste, 24% of plastic, 7% is paper, 6% of iron and glass and others made of the rest
5 INTRODUCTIONFederal Cabinet as early as 6 September 1995 has decided that the responsibilities of the Local Authorities in these areas to be privatize. As a precondition to total privatization, the Federal Cabinet again in 1998 decided that the privatization of solid waste management for the country to be carried on interim basis.
6 INTRODUCTIONSince 1 January 1997, the solid management responsibility of 48 LA has been privatized to 2 concession companies i.e. Alam Flora for the Central Region and Southern Waste for the Southern Region.2008 – Northern RegionTerengganu
7 291 landfill sites all over the country as at April 2007 INTRODUCTION291 landfill sites all over the country as at April 2007About 112 of these sites are not in operation179 still operating (10 sanitary)
8 POLICIES 3rd Outline Perspective Plan (2001-2010) the government will consider the adoption of a comprehensive waste a management policy including the installation of incinerators for safe and efficient disposal of waste as well as to formulate strategies for waste reduction, reuse and recycling
9 POLICIES 9th Malaysia Plan National Strategic Plan for Solid Waste Management will be implementedupgrading of unsanitary landfills as well as the construction of new sanitary landfills and transfer stations with integrated material recovery facilities.Legislation to streamline the strategies and measures in the Strategic Plan will be enacted.
10 POLICIES 9th Malaysia Plan A solid waste department will be established to implement these measures and to administer solid waste policy, planning and management in a holistic manner
11 NATIONAL POLICY ON SWMEstablished a holistic, integrated, cost effective solid waste management;Emphasis on environmental protection and public health;Utilised proven cost effective technology; andPriority on 3R
12 LEGISLATIVE FRAMEWORK Solid Waste is a Sanitation issue (Scheduled Waste – public health)Both under Concurrent List (List 3) of the Ninth Schedule : LA & Federal GovernmentSWM is governed under Local Government Act,1976; Street, Drainage and Building Act 1974Parliament pass a BILL in July to Confer executive authority to the Federation for matters relating solid waste through Article 74(1) and Article 80 (2) Federal ConstitutionSolid Waste and Public Cleansing Management Act 2007 gazetted on 30 August 2007
13 LEGISLATIVE FRAMEWORK Consequential Amendments:Local Government Act, 1976Streets, Drainage and Building Act, 1974Town And Country Planning Act, 1976- to take into consideration of the provisions of the SWMPC Act when dealing with an application for planning permission
14 SOLID WASTE AND PUBLIC CLEANSING MANAGEMENT ACT 2007 Definition of Solid Waste:- any scrap material or other unwanted surplus substance or rejected products arising from the application of any process;- any substance required to be disposed of as being broken, worn out, contaminated or otherwise spoiled; or- any other material that is required by the authority to be disposed of
15 SOLID WASTE AND PUBLIC CLEANSING MANAGEMENT ACT 2007 SWM services: separation, storage, collection, transportation, transfer, processing, recycling, treatment and disposal of controlled solid wasteControlled solid waste: 8 categories- commercial, construction, household, industrial, institutional, imported, public and others which can be prescribed from time to time.
16 SOLID WASTE AND PUBLIC CLEANSING MANAGEMENT ACT 2007 Provides the function and authority to the DG- policy, plan, strategies on SWM- standards, specification and guidelines- monitoring- giving approval and licenseControl of solid waste generators and persons in possession of controlled solid waste:Waste to be separated, handled and storedLicensing and approval system to be put in placedReduction and recovery of controlled solid waste:- Prescribed recycling and separation of recyclables- Take back system and deposit refund system
17 INSTUTIONAL FRAMEWORK Previously: Department of Local Government & Local AuthoritiesNow: National Solid Waste Management Department and Solid Waste and Public Cleansing Management CorporationSource of Authority:- Solid Waste and Public Cleansing Management Act 2007;- Solid Waste and Public Cleansing Corporation Act 2007
18 CURRENT PLANNINGImmediate Safe closure of 16 landfills that are in critical areas;CDM to be used in safe Closure of landfillsUpgrading of non sanitary landfillsBuilding new sanitary landfills and regional landfillsBuilding MRF, incinerators, centralised leachate treatment facilities
19 CONCLUSIONNew Legislation provides a centralised and coordinated solid waste managementGHG from landfills can be addressed through development of sanitary landfills and safe closure of non sanitary ones