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Literary Elements Short Story Terms
Plot Series of events that make up a story.
The Plot Triangle A tool to organize a story.
The Plot Triangle #1 #2#4 #5 #3
#1 Exposition: The Intro Background information that is shared at the beginning of the story.
#2 Rising Action: The Problem Events that occur leading up to the highest point of tension in the story.
#3 Climax: The Turning Point The highest point of tension in the story.
#4 Falling Action: Solving! The conflict is in process of being solved or dealt with; the events leading to the ending.
#5 Resolution: THE END The conclusion; the part of the story when everything is wrapped up.
The Plot Triangle Exposition Rising Action Climax Falling Action Resolution
Protagonist: The Main Guy The person the story revolves around.
Antagonist: The Opponent The one in conflict with the protagonist.
Point of View The point from which the writer is telling the story.
1 st Person POV One character is telling the story from their point of view; using “I” and “me”; we get to know the character’s thoughts and feelings well.
3 rd Person Limited POV The narrator, who plays no part in the story, but zooms in on the thoughts and feelings of just one character in the story.
Omniscient Narrator The “all-knowing” narrator; the person telling the story knows everything there is to know about the characters and their problems.
Irony Contrast between expectation and what actually happens.
Dramatic Irony When the reader knows something important that the character does not.
Situational Irony Contrast between what we expect to happen and what really happens.
Verbal Irony When you say one thing, but mean another; sarcasm. I love waking up early on Monday mornings. #stuffno1says
Symbol Person, place, thing, or event that stands for itself and for something beyond itself as well.
Conflict A struggle between opposing forces.
Internal Conflict A struggle that occurs within the character. This often has to do with morals.
External Conflict A struggle that occurs between the character and some outside source. This source may be another character, nature, or some element of society, such as political views.
Inference A conclusion using prior knowledge and personal connections.
Characterization Details used to describe the character’s personality and appearance.
Figurative Language Expressions that emphasize imaginative language. METAPHORSIMILEPERSONIFICATION
Metaphor Comparison between two unlike things. Example: sea of grief green with envy
Simile Comparison between two unlike things using like or as. Example: hungry as a horse bright like a flashlight
Personification Giving human qualities to something that is not human. Example
Imagery Using language that appeals to the senses. VISUALAURALOLFACTORYTACTILEGUSTATORY
Tone Speaker’s attitude!
Mood Emotional effect that the text creates for the audience.
Suspense a state or feeling of excited or anxious uncertainty about what may happen
Onomatopoeia Word that imitates sound. BOOM!
Short Story Terms.
Literary Terms Flashcards
Terms You Need to Know to Better Understand and Discuss Literature
Short Story Literary Elements
Short story terms A fond review. Plot Diagram Exposition The beginning of a story that introduces characters, setting, tone, and any important background.
SHORT STORY TERMS A FOND REVIEW. PLOT DIAGRAM Exposition: background information Inciting Moment: the moment or event that starts the plot moving forward.
Umm Al Qura University Faculty of Social Sciences English Department An Introduction to Fiction Introduction to Literature Mrs. Nadia Khawandanah.
Literary Elements. Plot: the sequence of events in a story.
LITERARY TERMS. Plot The story line Setting When and where the story takes place.
Literary Terms The elements within a story or novel the author uses to reveal the message of the story.
LITERARY ELEMENTS. ELEMENTS OF A STORY AKA the Plot Pyramid Plot= sequence of events in a story.
Literary Terms. Fiction: A type of writing based on imagination. Non-Fiction: A type of writing that is based on facts.
Literary Terms English Mrs. Maxwell.
LITERARY ELEMENTS ENGLISH 12. PLOT Describes the structure of the story. It shows the arrangement of events and actions within a story.
Literary Elements in “The Necklace”
Literature Terms. Characterization Characterization- How the author creates people for a story. Direct Characterization-A writer can reveal a character’s.
Literary Terms. Parts of a Short Story Exposition: Presents the characters and the situation Rising Action: Building up the drama with plot parts.
English 9. Two types: Realistic Fiction (#2) – Fiction that could take place in real life Fantastic Fiction (#3) – Fiction that is unrealistic.
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