Presentation on theme: "Lesson Starter List the five different types of Bills. Choose one and give examples of legislation passed. Why have different types of bills? What is."— Presentation transcript:
1 Lesson StarterList the five different types of Bills. Choose one and give examples of legislation passed.Why have different types of bills?What is the ‘whip system’?You have 10 minutes to complete this task.Help each other!
2 Devolved and Reserved Matters of the Scottish Parliament
3 Lesson Starter Take 3 devolved powers. Outline what they are. Give an example of a law passed for each.You have 10 minutes to complete this task.Help each other!
4 Lesson StarterLook at the 4 founding principles of the Scottish Parliament. Which do you think is most important in our democracy? Explain your answer and support it by giving examples.
5 What will I learn?Devolved Matters of the Scottish Parliament
6 Devolved and reserved matters Only some issues can be dealt with by the Scottish Parliament. These are known as devolved matters because the power to make laws in these areas has been devolved (transferred) from Westminster and the UK parliament.
7 Even although there is now a SP, Scotland is NOT an independent country. It is not a ‘SOVEREIGN’ nation with control over its own borders and the protection of those borders.Scotland remains part of the UK. As evidence of this, when a new SP session opens, the newly elected MSPs swear allegiance to the Queen.The SP manages an annual budget of around £20 billion. The SP has the power to vary the basic rate of income tax (currently 22p in the pound) in Scotland by up to 3p in the pound.The SP has control over council tax in Scotland and can raise revenue by changing fees for certain public services.Lines have been drawn between the powers which the UK Parliament in Westminster has reserved and the powers which have been devolved to Scotland at Holyrood.
8 Why have a SP?The Scottish people want to have greater control over issues that impact on their day-to-day lives.The education and justice systems are very different. In turn, these issues should be dealt separately from the rest of the UK, as they are only relevant to the people of Scotland.If the Scottish Parliament did not exist, then it would mean that English MPs would get to vote on issues that only affect the Scottish people – eg. education. This would be unfair, as English MPs would get to vote on issues that they probably know little about and in turn may not vote in the best interests of the Scottish people.
10 The Scotland Act 2012, which was passed by the UK Parliament and received royal assent in May 2012, gives the Scottish Parliament a range of additional powers. These include powers relating to borrowing and income tax, as well as law-making powers on matters such as speed limits and air guns. It will be a few years, however, before all sections of the Act come fully into effect.
11 Can I…List the different areas that have been devolved to the Scottish Parliament.Explain why these matters have been devolved.Identify and describe different laws that have been passed under the devolved matters.
12 Lesson StarterOutline two devolved powers detailing legislation that has been passed.You have 5 minutes to complete this task.Help each other!
18 Reserved Matters constitutional matters UK foreign policy UK defence and national securityfiscal, economic and monetary systemimmigration and nationalityenergy: electricity, coal, gas and nuclear energytrade and industry, including competition and customer protectionsome aspects of transport, including railways, transport safety and regulationemployment legislationsocial securitygambling and the National Lottery
19 Foreign PolicyThe Scottish Parliament can and does debated reserved matters, even though it cannot legislate on them.Debated the issue of the Iraq war even though it had not direct responsibility for defence or foreign affairs.
20 Immigration and asylum seekers Asylum is one of the issues with local effects that is run entirely from London rather than being a devolved matter.Before its closure, campaigners against Dungavel (a Scottish immigration detention centre) called for the Scottish Government to be given the power to close it or at least speak out against it.Powers were limited as they could only refer people to the home office because it had no powers in this area.
22 Immigration and asylum seekers There are around 1300 asylum seekers in Glasgow who are in danger of being forced to leave the city because the UK Border Agency is no longer prepared to pay Glasgow City Council to house them.Resulted in a stand off between the UK government and Glasgow City Council.
23 TridentTrident is the country’s nuclear submarine system. The UK government voted to keep it whilst the whole Scottish government voted against it.However the issue of renewing this is reserved by Westminster and the decision has now been made to keep it.
24 TridentAlex Salmond has caused conflict by suggesting that because the matter is reserved and the Scottish Government cannot prevent Trident, the UK should have to pay transport through Scotland.
25 The Sewel ConventionThe Sewel Convention applies when the UK Parliament legislates on a matter which is devolved to the Scottish Parliament. It holds that this will happen only if the Scottish Government has given its consent.Lord Sewel: “there will be instances where it would be convenient for legislation on devolved matters to be passed by the UK Parliament."
26 The Sewel ConventionThe UK government believes that the Sewel convention is practical and saves time in making legislation for both the UK and Scottish parliamentsThe Sewel motions have been used in: tobacco advertising, adoption and children, the carriage of guide dogs in private hire vehicles and sea fishing grants, but mainly in the justice area.
27 Can I … List and exemplify the reserved powers. Explain the Sewel commission and why it is in place.