African Americans migrating from south to north. During WW1. Into Great Depression
The end of the American Civil War in 1865 increased education and employment for blacks. As a result, blacks began to head to the Northern United States by the millions. Racism was less brutal in the north than in the south.
Houses were build in Harlem for better access to the city for whites. Soon African Americans migrated from the south to the north. Suburban homes soon became known as the hood.
Definition: In the decade following World War I, an artistic explosion occurred within the African American community that produced a wealth of music, literature poetry, dance, social discourse and visual art.
Black Culture and the Harlem Renaissance can about in artistic ways not by violence or hate. African Americans made history by using art and music to a culture together. NAACP was apart of this movement
Louis Armstrong -The greatest of all Jazz musicians. -Armstrong defined what it was to play Jazz Josephine Baker -A versatile and charismatic performer -Talented singer and dancer Edward Kennedy Ellington -American composer, conductor and pianist -One of the most respected figures in the history of jazz
Duke Ellington Jelly Roll Morton Willie "The Lion" Smith
A religious and cultural organization founded in 1931 in the United States, espousing Islamic principles and favoring political, social, and economic independence for African Americans.
The Harlem Renaissance succeeded in depicting the African American as an individual who was capable of making great achievements if given the opportunity.
African-American civil rights activists employed the artists and writers of their culture to work for the goals of civil rights and equality.
Faced options of going back to Africa Opposition of whites Smaller pay than whites
Langston Hughes W.E. Du Bois Marcus Garvey James Johnson Claude McKay
William Johnson Lois Jones Archibald Motley John Biggers Hale Woodruff
Want for black improvement New culture developed. Proved value of African Americans not previously seen before
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"Harlem Renaissance." The University of North Carolina at Pembroke. Web. 04 Feb. 2011.. Jackson, Caroline. "78.02.03: Harlem Renaissance: Pivotal Period in the Development of Afro-American Culture." Yale University. Web. 04 Feb. 2011.. Johnson, Sarah E. "Harlem Renaissance." Fg.ed.pacificu.edu. 23 Oct. 2002. Web. 03 Feb. 2011.. Reuben, Paul P. "PAL: Harlem Renaissance: A Brief Introduction." California State University Stanislaus | Home. 22 Dec. 2010. Web. 03 Feb. 2011.. TuSmith, Bonnie. "Beyond the Harlem Renaissance." Cleveland State University. Web. 04 Feb. 2011..