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The Sociological Perspective Chapter 1
Copyright © 2007 Pearson Education Canada 1-2 Sociology & the Other Sciences The Natural Sciences Biology Geology Chemistry Physics The Social Sciences Political Science Economics Anthropology Psychology Sociology
Copyright © 2007 Pearson Education Canada 1-3 The Goals of Science Why Something Happens Making Generalizations Making Predictions
Copyright © 2007 Pearson Education Canada 1-4 The Development of Sociology The Scientific Method Key Figures Auguste Comte (1798-1857) Positivism Karl Marx (1818-1883) Class conflict Emile Durkheim (1858-1917) Social integration & suicide Max Weber (1864-1920) Religion & capitalism
Copyright © 2007 Pearson Education Canada 1-5 The Role of Values in Research “value-free” “objectivity” “replication”
Copyright © 2007 Pearson Education Canada 1-6 The Debate over Values
Copyright © 2007 Pearson Education Canada 1-7 Verstehen & Social Facts Weber and Verstehen “to understand” subjective meanings Durkheim and Social Facts “social facts”: patterns of behaviour that characterize a social group.
Copyright © 2007 Pearson Education Canada 1-8 Sexism in Early Sociology The “Four Ks”: Kirche, Kuchen, Kinder, und Kleider (church, cooking, children, and clothes) Harriet Martineau (1802-1876) Society in America Translator of Comte
Copyright © 2007 Pearson Education Canada 1-9 Early Sociology in North America Canada Quebec: European & French influence English Canada British tradition: University of Toronto U. S. tradition: McGill University United States University of Chicago George Herbert Mead
Copyright © 2007 Pearson Education Canada 1-10 Theoretical Perspectives in Sociology Symbolic Interactionism Functional Analysis (AKA Functionalism & Structural Functionalism) Conflict Theory Feminist Theory Postmodernism Queer Theory Critical Race Theory
Copyright © 2007 Pearson Education Canada 1-11 Symbolic Interactionism Symbols (things to which we attach meaning) as the basis of social life Key Figures Charles Horton Cooley (1864- 1929) George Herbert Mead (1863- 1931)
Copyright © 2007 Pearson Education Canada 1-12 Functional Analysis Society is a whole unit, made up of interrelated parts that work together Key Figures Auguste Comte (1798-1857) Emile Durkheim (1858-1917) Robert Merton (1910-2003)
Copyright © 2007 Pearson Education Canada 1-13 Conflict Theory Class Struggle as the basis of social life Bourgeoisie & Proletariat Key Figures Karl Marx (1818-1883) Ralf Dahrendorf (1929 - ) Lewis Coser (1913 - )
Copyright © 2007 Pearson Education Canada 1-14 Feminist Theories Marxist Feminist Theories Class & economic position Liberal Feminist Theories Legal restraints & customs Radical Feminist Theories Patriarchy Commonalities of Feminist Theories
Copyright © 2007 Pearson Education Canada 1-15 Postmodernism Modernity: Max Weber (1864-1920) Change, collective action, & progress Postmodernity: C. Wright Mills (1916-1962) A rejection of modernity Cultural Diversity Images & Symbols
Copyright © 2007 Pearson Education Canada 1-16 Queer Theory Judith Butler: Gender Trouble Fluidity of gender identities Gayle Rubin: “Thinking Sex” Intolerance of sexual differences Fear of sex Challenges All Notions of Fixed Identity
Copyright © 2007 Pearson Education Canada 1-17 Critical Race Theory Derrick Bell Post–Civil Rights Era African – American Legal Thought A Multi-discipline Examination of: The social construction of race & race identity The reality of racial discrimination
Copyright © 2007 Pearson Education Canada 1-18 Levels of Analysis Macro-Level Analysis Conflict theory Functionalist theory Micro-Level Analysis Symbolic interactionism Queer theory Macro- & Micro-Level analyses Feminist theory Postmodernism
Copyright © 2007 Pearson Education Canada 1-19 Applied & Clinical Sociology The Three Phases of Research 1. Reform 2. Establish sociology as a respected field of knowledge 3. Merging sociological knowledge and practical work
Copyright © 2007 Pearson Education Canada 1-20 Comparing Basic & Applied Sociology
Sociology’s Family Tree: Theories and Theorists
The Early Sociologists Review Quiz!!. Q1: Described social dynamics as forces for change and conflict in society.
Sociological Imagination: An Introduction
Founders. Auguste Comte and Positivism Recognized as father of sociology Coined the Term “Sociology” Believed social behavior had to be.
The Sociological Perspective
Chapter 1: Sociology and the Real World
Introduction to Sociology Chapter 1. What is Sociology? Definition Sociological Perspective Sociological __________ –C. Wright Mills Sociology as a ________.
The People of Sociology. Auguste Comte ( , French) Coined the term “sociology” Theory- Societies contain social statics (forces for social order.
O A man who is homeless is ____ O If you do not have a job, you are______ PersonalSocietal.
Examining Social Life Chapter 1 – Section 1.
An Invitation to Sociology
Chapter 1: What is Sociology?. What is Sociology? Developing A Sociological Perspective Development of Sociological Thinking Is Sociology A Science How.
Developing a Sociological Consciousness Sociology 10-Introduction to Sociology.
Chapter 1 – Introduction Sociological Imagination Sociologists are concerned with how social conditions influence our lives an individualsSociologists.
Chapter 1 The Sociological Perspective. Sociology © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. The scientific study of society and human behavior.
The Beginnings of Sociology Social Context Social Context New industrial economy New industrial economy The growth of cities The growth of cities Political.
Chapter 1: The Sociological Perspective Copyright © Allyn & Bacon Sociology: A Down-to-Earth Approach 7/e James M. Henslin Chapter One: The Sociological.
Social Differentiation and Social Stratification Status: socially defined position in a group or society. Social Differentiation: process by which different.
Bell Work What is the major goal of Sociology? What do sociologists focus on in their studies?
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