Presentation on theme: "Cultures Clash on the Prairie. Red River War The Kiowa and Comanche tribes were in war for six years before the Red River War. U.S. Army took the."— Presentation transcript:
Red River War The Kiowa and Comanche tribes were in war for six years before the Red River War. U.S. Army took the friendly tribes and put them in reservations and went to war with the others. General Philip Sheridan gave orders to destroy their villages, hang the warriors, and bring the women and children back. General Philip Sheridan 1873 Springfield.45 -.70 carbine
Gold Rush In 1874 Colonel George Armstrong Custer told the people that the “Black Hills had gold from the grass roots down.” This caused people to move west in the search of gold. Sioux, Cheyenne, and Arapaho tribes protested the gold rush to officials in Washington. The peak of the gold rush was between 1876-1877. In November 1875 the largest amount of gold was found making Custer South Dakota a booming town. Colonel George Armstrong Custer
Custer’s Last Stand In 1876 Custer and his troops fought against the Cheyenne and the Sioux Indian tribes at the Little Bighorn River. Crazy horse, Gall, and Sitting Bull led the Indians in attack. The Indians defeated the seventh cavalry in less than one hour.
Assimilation and Dawes Act Assimilation is a plan to get the Native Americans to give up their beliefs and become part of the white culture. 1887 the Dawes Act was passed to “Americanize” the Native Americans. It broke up the reservations the Indians lived in. They gave the Indians that were the head of the household 160 acres and the unmarried Indians 80 acres. The rest of the land was sold to settlers.
Destruction of the Buffalo The pioneers began hunting the buffalo for sport. In 1800 their were around 65 million buffalo in the plains. By 1890 their were less than 1000 left. In 1900 the U.S. protected a herd of buffalo in the Yellow Stone National Park.
What Buffalo Parts are Used For The skull was used in rituals because it was considered sacred. Bowls and spoons were carved out of the horns. The hoofs were used as glue after they were ground up. Bones were used as tools such as a hoe. The hide of a buffalo was used for tepees, clothing, and arrow shields.
Battle of Wounded Knee Native Americans were still getting diseases from the settlers. Ghost dance- restore land The military sent 40 policemen to arrest Sitting Bull. They ended up killing him because Catch-the-Bear shot an officer. Colonel George Armstrong Custer’s old army got 350 Sioux and took them to Wounded Knee Creek located in South Dakota. The next day they took the Indians weapons away. During this a army man shot a Native American and they ended up killing 300 unarmed Indians.