Why might a simple act of carelessness result in legal action?
What is the difference between criminal law and tort law?
A crime is an act against not only a specific individual, but the general welfare, as well. A tort is a private wrong committed by one person against another.
A tort will lead the wronged party to try and recover money as compensation for the loss or injury suffered.
A tort does not, however, call upon the government to punish the wrongdoer.
Under tort law all people are entitled to certain rights Be free from bodily harm Enjoy a good reputation Conduct business without unwarranted interference
1. The possession of certain rights by an innocent party 2. A violation of those rights by the tortfeasor 3. A resulting injury that somehow hurts the person whose rights were violated
Intentional torts are actions that deliberately hurt, embarrass, or scare people.
The tort of assault occurs when one person deliberately leads another person to believe that he or she is about to be harmed. The tort of battery involves the unlawful, unprivileged touching of another person.
Raymond slapped his wife Charlotte while they were arguing about child support. Which tort did Raymond commit—assault or battery? Battery
Law enforcement officers must have probable cause or a warrant to arrest someone, or they can be sued for false imprisonment, or false arrest.
Defamation is the wrongful act of injuring another’s reputation by making false statements. Libel is a false statement in written form. Slander is a false statement made orally to a third party.
Invasion of privacy is interfering with a person’s right to be left alone, which includes the right to be free from unwanted publicity and interference with private matters.
A trespass is the wrongful damage to or interference with the property of another.
Conversion is interfering with a person’s right to personal property.
The tort of nuisance is anything that interferes with the enjoyment of life or property.
Disparagement consists of lies about objects. The lies could be about quality or ownership.