Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Chapter 9 Behavioral Disabilities

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "Chapter 9 Behavioral Disabilities"— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 9 Behavioral Disabilities
E. Michael Loovis Chapter 9 Behavioral Disabilities

2 Learning Objectives To understand emotional disturbance as defined in IDEA To understand the clinical features that lead to a differential diagnosis of emotional disturbance To understand and apply various instructional and managerial strategies that have proven successful when teaching students with behavioral disorders To identify and apply specific approaches that have been used with students with emotional disturbance To understand positive behavior support, including functional behavioral assessment and behavioral intervention plans

3 Emotional Disturbance
An inability to learn that cannot be explained by intellectual, sensory, or health factors An inability to build or maintain satisfactory interpersonal relationships with peers and teachers Inappropriate types of behavior or feelings under normal circumstances A general pervasive mood of unhappiness or depression A tendency to develop physical symptoms or fears associated with personal or school problems

4 Emotional Disturbance: Three Qualifiers
Duration Degree Adverse effects on educational performance

5 Quay’s Dimensional Classification
Conduct disorder Socialized aggression Attention problems–immaturity Anxiety–withdrawal Psychotic behavior Motor excess

6 Achenbach et al.’s Two Primary Dimensions (1991)
Externalizing Internalizing

7 Kauffman’s Classification
Overt (undersocialized) Covert (socialized)

8 American Academy of Experts in Traumatic Stress
Expressing self-destructive ideas Talking about specific plans to harm self or others Having difficulty controlling impulses Blaming other people or events for problems Engaging in substance abuse

9 DSM-IV Criteria: Conduct Disorder vs. Oppositional Defiant Disorder

10 Psychiatric Disorders
Anxiety disorders Depression and other mood disorders Schizophrenia Other psychotic disorders

11 Causes of Behavioral Disabilities
Biological Family School Culture

12 Instructional and Management Considerations
Differentiated instruction Behavior contracts Physical restraint Praise Precision requests Active listening Verbal mediation Conflict resolution

13 Physical Restraint and Seclusion
Types of restraint Mechanical Physical escort Physical restraint Seclusion Time-out

14 Humanistic Approach Sherrill Hellison

15 Hellison’s Levels Level 0 – Irresponsibility
Level 1 – Respecting the rights and feelings of others Level 2 – Participation and effort Level 3 – Self-direction Level 4 – Helping others and leadership Level 5 – Outside the gym

16 Hellison’s Strategies
Awareness talks The lesson itself Individual decision making Group meetings Reflection time Counseling

17 Data-Based Gymnasium Self-indulgent behavior Noncompliant behavior
Aggressive behavior Self-stimulatory behavior

18 Positive Behavior Support: Its Roots
Applied behavior analysis Normalization/inclusion Person-centered values

19 Positive Behavior Support: Its Values
Respect for the individual Meaningful outcomes Social validation Dignity Normalization Inclusion Person-centered planning Self-determination Stakeholder participation

20 Positive Behavior Support: Two-Stage Process
Functional behavioral assessment Behavioral intervention plans

21 New Standard for Manifestation Determination

22 10-Step Process of FBA and BIP
Determining the function of the undesirable behavior Appropriate alternative behavior Frequency of alternative behavior Teaching sequence Manipulating environment (continued)

23 10-Step Process of FBA and BIP (continued)
Decreasing probability of failure Reinforcement of positive responses Consequences for problem behavior Data-collection system Goals and objectives

24 Inclusion 30.2% of students with behavioral conditions spend more than 60% of the school day in regular classrooms. Placement in regular classrooms should be based on frequency of behavioral episodes, and intensity of behavioral episodes. Inclusion is facilitated much of the time by development and implementation of the BIP.

Download ppt "Chapter 9 Behavioral Disabilities"

Similar presentations

Ads by Google