Presentation is loading. Please wait.

# Demonstration Problem

## Presentation on theme: "Demonstration Problem"— Presentation transcript:

Demonstration Problem
Accounting What the Numbers Mean 9e Demonstration Problem Chapter 13 – Exercise 7 Product Costing – Various Issues

Problem Definition Clay Company produces ceramic coffee mugs and pencil holders. Manufacturing overhead is assigned to production using an application rate based on direct labor hours.

Problem Requirements For 2010, the company’s cost accountant estimated that total overhead costs incurred would be \$420,000 and that a total of 50,000 direct labor hours would be worked. Calculate the amount of overhead to be applied for each direct labor hour worked on a production run. A production run of 400 coffee mugs used raw materials that cost \$432 and used 40 direct labor hours at a cost of \$10.00 per hour. Calculate the cost of each coffee mug produced. At the end of October 2010, 280 coffee mugs made in the above production run had been sold and the rest were in ending inventory. Calculate (1) the cost of coffee mugs sold that would have been reported in the income statement and (2) the cost included in the October 31, 2010, finished goods inventory.

Problem Solution Calculate the predetermined overhead rate for Clay Company based on estimated direct labor hours:

Problem Solution Calculate the predetermined overhead rate for Clay Company based on estimated direct labor hours: Predetermined Overhead Application Rate =

Problem Solution Calculate the predetermined overhead rate for Clay Company based on estimated direct labor hours: Predetermined Overhead Application Rate = Estimated Total Overhead Costs

Problem Solution Calculate the predetermined overhead rate for Clay Company based on estimated direct labor hours: Predetermined Overhead Application Rate = Estimated Total Overhead Costs

Problem Solution Calculate the predetermined overhead rate for Clay Company based on estimated direct labor hours: Predetermined Overhead Application Rate = Estimated Total Overhead Costs Estimated Direct Labor Hours =

Problem Solution Calculate the predetermined overhead rate for Clay Company based on estimated direct labor hours: Predetermined Overhead Application Rate = Estimated Total Overhead Costs Estimated Direct Labor Hours \$420,000 =

Problem Solution Calculate the predetermined overhead rate for Clay Company based on estimated direct labor hours: Predetermined Overhead Application Rate = Estimated Total Overhead Costs Estimated Direct Labor Hours \$420,000 50,000 DLH = =

Problem Solution Calculate the predetermined overhead rate for Clay Company based on estimated direct labor hours: Predetermined Overhead Application Rate = Estimated Total Overhead Costs Estimated Direct Labor Hours \$420,000 50,000 DLH = = \$8.40 per direct labor hour

Problem Solution Calculate the predetermined overhead rate for Clay Company based on estimated direct labor hours: Predetermined Overhead Application Rate = Estimated Total Overhead Costs Estimated Direct Labor Hours \$420,000 50,000 DLH = = \$8.40 per direct labor hour For every direct labor hour incurred, \$8.40 of overhead will be applied to the production run.

Problem Requirements For 2010, the company’s cost accountant estimated that total overhead costs incurred would be \$420,000 and that a total of 50,000 direct labor hours would be worked. Calculate the amount of overhead to be applied for each direct labor hour worked on a production run. A production run of 400 coffee mugs used raw materials that cost \$432 and used 40 direct labor hours at a cost of \$10.00 per hour. Calculate the cost of each coffee mug produced. At the end of October 2010, 280 coffee mugs made in the above production run had been sold and the rest were in ending inventory. Calculate (1) the cost of coffee mugs sold that would have been reported in the income statement and (2) the cost included in the October 31, 2010, finished goods inventory.

Problem Solution Step 1: Calculate the total cost of producing 400 mugs:

Problem Solution Step 1: Calculate the total cost of producing 400 mugs: Raw materials

\$432 Raw material amount was given
Problem Solution Step 1: Calculate the total cost of producing 400 mugs: Raw materials \$ Calculation: \$432 Raw material amount was given

Problem Solution Step 1: Calculate the total cost of producing 400 mugs: Raw materials Direct labor \$

40 direct labor hours * \$10.00 per hour
Problem Solution Step 1: Calculate the total cost of producing 400 mugs: Raw materials Direct labor \$ 400 Calculation: 40 direct labor hours * \$10.00 per hour

Problem Solution Step 1: Calculate the total cost of producing 400 mugs: Raw materials Direct labor Overhead \$ 400

40 direct labor hours * \$8.40 predetermined overhead rate
Problem Solution Step 1: Calculate the total cost of producing 400 mugs: Raw materials Direct labor Overhead \$ 400 336 Calculation: 40 direct labor hours * \$8.40 predetermined overhead rate

Problem Solution Step 1: Calculate the total cost of producing 400 mugs: Raw materials Direct labor Overhead Total Manufacturing Cost \$ 400 336

Problem Solution Step 1: Calculate the total cost of producing 400 mugs: Raw materials Direct labor Overhead Total Manufacturing Cost \$ 400 336 \$ 1,168

Total cost of producing 400 mugs
Problem Solution Step 1: Calculate the total cost of producing 400 mugs: Raw materials Direct labor Overhead Total Manufacturing Cost \$ 400 336 \$ 1,168 Total cost of producing 400 mugs

Problem Solution Step 2: Calculate the cost of producing each mug:

Problem Solution Step 2: Calculate the cost of producing each mug:
Cost per coffee mug produced =

Problem Solution Step 2: Calculate the cost of producing each mug:
Cost per coffee mug produced = Total manufacturing costs

Problem Solution Step 2: Calculate the cost of producing each mug:
Cost per coffee mug produced = Total manufacturing costs

Problem Solution Step 2: Calculate the cost of producing each mug:
Cost per coffee mug produced = Total manufacturing costs Number of mugs produced =

Problem Solution Step 2: Calculate the cost of producing each mug:
Cost per coffee mug produced = Total manufacturing costs Number of mugs produced \$1,168 =

Problem Solution Step 2: Calculate the cost of producing each mug:
Cost per coffee mug produced = Total manufacturing costs Number of mugs produced \$1,168 400 mugs =

Problem Solution Step 2: Calculate the cost of producing each mug:
Cost per coffee mug produced = Total manufacturing costs Number of mugs produced \$1,168 400 mugs = = \$2.92 per coffee mug

Unit cost of producing each mug
Problem Solution Step 2: Calculate the cost of producing each mug: Cost per coffee mug produced = Total manufacturing costs Number of mugs produced \$1,168 400 mugs = Unit cost of producing each mug = \$2.92 per coffee mug

Problem Requirements For 2010, the company’s cost accountant estimated that total overhead costs incurred would be \$420,000 and that a total of 50,000 direct labor hours would be worked. Calculate the amount of overhead to be applied for each direct labor hour worked on a production run. A production run of 400 coffee mugs used raw materials that cost \$432 and used 40 direct labor hours at a cost of \$10.00 per hour. Calculate the cost of each coffee mug produced. At the end of October 2010, 280 coffee mugs made in the above production run had been sold and the rest were in ending inventory. Calculate (1) the cost of coffee mugs sold that would have been reported in the income statement and (2) the cost included in the October 31, 2010, finished goods inventory.

Problem Solution Step 1: Calculate the cost of coffee mugs sold that would be reported in the income statement

Problem Solution Step 1: Calculate the cost of coffee mugs sold that would be reported in the income statement Cost of coffee mugs sold =

Problem Solution Step 1: Calculate the cost of coffee mugs sold that would be reported in the income statement Cost of coffee mugs sold = Mugs sold

Problem Solution Step 1: Calculate the cost of coffee mugs sold that would be reported in the income statement Cost of coffee mugs sold = Mugs sold *

Problem Solution Step 1: Calculate the cost of coffee mugs sold that would be reported in the income statement Cost of coffee mugs sold = Mugs sold * Unit cost =

Problem Solution Step 1: Calculate the cost of coffee mugs sold that would be reported in the income statement Cost of coffee mugs sold = Mugs sold * Unit cost = 280 mugs

Problem Solution Step 1: Calculate the cost of coffee mugs sold that would be reported in the income statement Cost of coffee mugs sold = Mugs sold * Unit cost = 280 mugs *

Problem Solution Step 1: Calculate the cost of coffee mugs sold that would be reported in the income statement Cost of coffee mugs sold = Mugs sold * Unit cost = 280 mugs * \$2.92 per mug =

Problem Solution Step 1: Calculate the cost of coffee mugs sold that would be reported in the income statement Cost of coffee mugs sold = Mugs sold * Unit cost = 280 mugs * \$2.92 per mug = \$817.60

Cost of coffee mugs sold reported in the income statement
Problem Solution Step 1: Calculate the cost of coffee mugs sold that would be reported in the income statement Cost of coffee mugs sold = Mugs sold * Unit cost = 280 mugs * \$2.92 per mug = \$817.60 Cost of coffee mugs sold reported in the income statement

Problem Solution Step 2: Calculate the cost of coffee mugs that would be reported in the finished goods inventory

Problem Solution Step 2: Calculate the cost of coffee mugs that would be reported in the finished goods inventory Cost of coffee mugs not sold =

Problem Solution Step 2: Calculate the cost of coffee mugs that would be reported in the finished goods inventory Cost of coffee mugs not sold = Mugs produced

Problem Solution Step 2: Calculate the cost of coffee mugs that would be reported in the finished goods inventory Cost of coffee mugs not sold = (Mugs produced –

Problem Solution Step 2: Calculate the cost of coffee mugs that would be reported in the finished goods inventory Cost of coffee mugs not sold = (Mugs produced – Mugs sold)

Problem Solution Step 2: Calculate the cost of coffee mugs that would be reported in the finished goods inventory Cost of coffee mugs not sold = (Mugs produced – Mugs sold) *

Problem Solution Step 2: Calculate the cost of coffee mugs that would be reported in the finished goods inventory Cost of coffee mugs not sold = (Mugs produced – Mugs sold) * Unit cost =

400 mugs produced – 280 mugs sold
Problem Solution Step 2: Calculate the cost of coffee mugs that would be reported in the finished goods inventory Cost of coffee mugs not sold = (Mugs produced – Mugs sold) * Unit cost = 120 mugs Calculation: 400 mugs produced – 280 mugs sold

Problem Solution Step 2: Calculate the cost of coffee mugs that would be reported in the finished goods inventory Cost of coffee mugs not sold = (Mugs produced – Mugs sold) * Unit cost = 120 mugs *

Problem Solution Step 2: Calculate the cost of coffee mugs that would be reported in the finished goods inventory Cost of coffee mugs not sold = (Mugs produced – Mugs sold) * Unit cost = 120 mugs * \$2.92 per mug =

Problem Solution Step 2: Calculate the cost of coffee mugs that would be reported in the finished goods inventory Cost of coffee mugs not sold = (Mugs produced – Mugs sold) * Unit cost = 120 mugs * \$2.92 per mug = \$350.40

Cost of coffee mugs not sold reported in the finished goods inventory
Problem Solution Step 2: Calculate the cost of coffee mugs that would be reported in the finished goods inventory Cost of coffee mugs not sold = (Mugs produced – Mugs sold) * Unit cost = 120 mugs * \$2.92 per mug = \$350.40 Cost of coffee mugs not sold reported in the finished goods inventory

Accounting What the Numbers Mean 9e David H. Marshall Wayne W. McManus
You should now have a better understanding of using product costing information. Remember that there is a demonstration problem for each chapter that is here for your learning benefit. David H. Marshall Wayne W. McManus Daniel F. Viele

Download ppt "Demonstration Problem"

Similar presentations

Ads by Google