3 Primary, Secondary, Intermediate or Tertiary Colors
4 Basic Color Schemes Compliments opposite colors Y/V R/G B/O Triads form a triangleR/Y/B G/O /VAnalogous colors next to each other on the Color WheelWarm & Cool colors
5 Split Compliments opposite colors Y/RV/BV Monochromatic tints & shades of one color
6 Tints: when white is added to a color Shades are when black is added to a color.Neutrals are grays
7 Tools Pencils (HB is the lightest, 4B medium, 6B dark) Stump: blending toolBurnishing: layering white colored pencil on top of other colors.Acrylic brushes (man made)Palette: used to mix paint onTo create a shadow add the complementary color.
8 Water Color Techniques Water color techniques include:• dry brush• splatter• graded wash• resistObjects in the foreground of a painting are darker than in the background.
9 Mechanical gauge paper, smudge and make hard lines. Ebony is a very dark pencil.
11 Caring for Brushes • Warm water (not hot) • Rub bristles in the palm of your hand• Dry and store bristles upA palette is used to mix colors on.A Color Wheel is the tool to select colors from.
12 Vocabulary Focal point: center of interest Color Wheel: a circular tool used to select color schemes from.Acrylic Paint: (plastic resin based)Cold Press Watercolor paper: rough, most forgivingHot Press Watercolor paper: smoothHue: colorWash: a large area of thinly spread paintWet on Wet: paint dripped into wet paint
13 Vocabulary Horizon line: Where the land and sky meet Vanishing Point: Where all parallel lines come together.Perspective: The illusion of creating a 3D drawing on a 2D flat surface.Blind Contour: not lifting pencil as you draw.A focal point should always be off center.
14 • Composition: organization of a drawing Negative Space: the background or empty areaPositive Space: the filled space in a drawing or painting.Value: the gradations in shading.Gesture: quick loose drawing.Critique: defend, see possibilitiesQuality of Art: craftsmanship, creativity, purpose
15 Elements & Principles of Design… ColorForm (3D)LineShape (2D)geometric/organicSpaceTextureValue (Shading)BalanceContrastEmphasisMovementPatternRhythmUnity