2 LET’S REVIEW THESE TOPICS: USED TOQUESTION TAGSCONDITIONAL 1PASSIVE VOICE
3 USED TO Dave used to work in a factory. Now he works in a supermarket. Dave used to work in a factory = he worked in a factory in the past, but he doesn’t work there now
4 You can say: I used to work …../ she used to have ……/ they used to be…….. When I was a child, I used to like chocolate.I used to read a lot of books, but I don’t read much these days.Liz has short hair now, but it used to be very long.Amy used to have a piano, but she sold it when she moved.
5 LOOK AT THE PICTURES AND MAKE SENTENCES USING “USED TO”:
6 QUESTION TAGSYOU CAN USE QUESTIONS TAG TO CONFIRM WHAT YOU THINK AND TO ASK FOR AGREEMENT.IF THE QUESTION IS AFFIRMATIVE, THE QUESTION TAG IS NEGATIVE.RICHARD IS A DOCTOR, ISN’T HE?THEY WENT TO NEW YORK , DIDN’T THEY?IF THE QUESTION IS NEGATIVE , THE QUESTION TAG IS AFFIRMATIVE.EVA DOESN’T DO HER HOMEWORK, DOES SHE?PAUL AND I AREN’T FRIENDS, ARE WE?
7 IF THERE IS AN AUXILIARY VERB (HAVE, WILL, BE, CAN, DO)IN THE STATEMENT, USE IT TO MAKE THE QUESTION TAG.YOU’VE BEEN HERE BEFORE, HAVEN’T YOU?SHE HASN’T LIVED HERE LONG, HAS SHE?WE’LL SEE THEM TOMORROW, WON’T WE?IT ISN’T SNOWING YET, IS IT?WE CAN GO NOW, CAN’T WE?YOU DON’T LIVE IN MIAMI, DO YOU?THEY DIDN’T GO TO SPAIN, DID THEY?
8 IF THE STATEMENT CONTAINS THE MAIN VERB BE, USE IT TO MAKE THE QUESTION TAG. TOBY IS JANE’S DOG, ISN’T HE?YOU’RE A NICE BOY, AREN’T YOU?YOU AREN’T FROM AROUND HERE, ARE YOU?YOU WEREN’T AT SCHOOL YESTERDAY, WERE YOU?
9 NOW PRACTICE: MARY WAS ANGRY,______________________? STEVE SPEAKS SPANISH,_________________?YOU HAVE A RABBIT, ____________________?I DID MY HOMEWORK YESTERDAY,__________?THEY WERE GOOD DOCTORS,_____________?SHE CAN SWIM,_________________________?YOU WON’T TELL THE TRUTH,______________?I WASN’T GOING VERY SLOW,_____________?THEY DON’T HAVE A SCOOTER,_____________?
10 CONDITIONAL 1:IF + SUBJECT + PRESENT TENSE, SUBJECT + FUTURE TENSE( WILL + VERB)EXAMPLES:IF HE PRACTICES A LOT, HE’LL WIN THE SOCCER GAME.IF THEY WORK HARD, THEY’LL GET GOOD GRADES.IF SHE HAS TIME, SHE’LL HELP ME WITH MY PROJECT.
11 COMPLETE WITH THE PRESENT TENSE AND THE FUTURE TENSE. IF YOU_______ PIANO LESSONS, YOU_______IN MY PARTY. (TAKE / PLAY)IF SHE _______ TIME, SHE_______TV. (HAVE / WATCH)IF HE ________ THE LOTTERY, HE______A CAR. ( WIN / BUY)IF THEY______ WELL, THEY_________ ACONCERT. ( SING / GIVE)IF WE _______ CHINESE, WE________ TO CHINA. (SPEAK / TRAVEL)
12 COMPLETE WITH YOUR OWN IDEAS: IF I HAVE MONEY, I’LL_______________IF I HAVE TIME, I’LL_________________IF I STUDY HARD, I’LL_______________IF I PLAY SOCCER WELL, I’LL__________IF I WIN THE LOTTERY, I’LL___________IF I HAVE A BALL, I’LL_______________
13 PASSIVE VOICE WHY DO WE USE PASSIVE VOICE? We use the passive voice when the receiver of the action is more important in our communication than the one who did it (the actor of the verb).The president was assassinated this morning.We can use the passive when we don't know who did the action.The bank was robbed yesterday.We use the passive when we don't need to say who did the action.The bill was signed into law at noon.
14 TO FORM A PASSIVE SENTENCE: SIMPLE PRESENT:EXAMPLES:PEDRO MAKES A CAKE.A CAKE IS MADE BY PEDRO.KARLA SELLS ORANGES.THE ORANGES ARE SOLD BY KARLAVERB TO BE (AM – IS – ARE) PAST PARTICIPLE VERB
15 READ AND WRITE IF THESE SENTENCES ARE ACTIVE OR PASSIVE: JULIO STUDIES MATH AND HISTORY.FRENCH IS SPOKEN IN MY SCHOOL.BASEBALL IS PLAYED BY MY FRIENDS.PAUL READS THE NEWSPAPER.KAREN WRITES POEMS.ALL THE BOOKS ARE READ BY THEIR FRIENDS.
16 CHANGE THESE SENTENCES TO PASSIVE VOICE: PEDRO CLEANS MARCO’S HOUSE.MIRELLA SPEAKS ENGLISH AND FRENCH.HARRY WRITES 10 POEMS TO EVA.ROSSANA EATS APPLES AND PEARS.JEREMY READS HARRY POTTER’S BOOK.