2 Q.1 A. ambiguous sentences I like sweet apples and oranges B. different structure and the same meaningSusie seems to be studying algebraIt seems that Susie is studying algebraC. structurally relatedI am going to the moviesI am not going to the movies
3 Q .4 Representing structural ambiguity The magician touched the child with the wand.
4 Meaning 1:The magician with the wand touched the child.
5 Meaning 2:The magician touched the child that had a wand.
6 Q5. Phrase structure rule expansions. a. Expansions of VP →V(NP)(PP)(Adv)VP→VExample: John left.VP→V NPExample: John left the house.VP→V NP PPExample: John put the book on the table.
7 4. VP →V NP PP AdvExample: John drew a picture on the board beautifully.5. VP→V PPExample: John ran into the house.6. VP→V PP AdvExample: John ran into the house quickly.7. VP→V AdvExample: John left quietly.8. VP→V NP AdvExample: John left the house quietly.
8 b. Expansions of NP →(Det)(AP)N(PP) 1. NP→NExample: John left.NP→Det NExample: The boy left.NP→Det AP NExample: The little boy left4. NP→Det AP N PPExample: The green apples in the refrigerator are sweet.
9 5. NP→AP NExample: I prefer green apples to red ones.6. NP→AP N PPExample: Big houses on this street are beautiful.7. NP→Det N PPExample: The flowers in that vase are mine.8. NP→N PPExample: John likes milk from their farm the most.
10 Q6. Embedded sentencesA. Yesterday I notice my accountant repairing the toilet.B. Becky said that Jake would play the pianoC. I deplore that fact that bats gave wingsD. That Guinevere loves Lorian is known to all my friendsE. Who promised the teacher that Maxine wouldn’t be absent?
11 F. It’s ridiculous that he washes his won Rolls-Royce G. That woman likes for the waiter to bring water when she sits down.H. The person who answers this questions will win $100i. The idea of Romeo marring a 13-year-old is upsetting
12 J. I gave my hat to the nurse who helped me cut my hair K. For your children to spend all your royalty payments on recreational drugs is a shameL. Give this fork to the person I’m getting the pie for.M. Khaw chya waa khruu maa (Thai)He believe complementizer teacher comeHe believes the teacher is comingN. Je me demande quand il partira (French)I me ask when he will leaveI wonder when he’ll leave
13 O.Jan zei dat Piet dit boek niet heeft gelezen (Dutch)Jan said that Piet this book not has readJan said that Piet has not read this book
28 Q13: Subcategorizationa. The man located. The verb locate is transitive: it requires an NP object.locate, V, ______NPb. Jesus wept the apostles. The verb weep is intransitive: it does not allow an object.weep, V, _____c. Robert is hopeful of his children. The adjective hopeful allows a sentential complement (e.g. that his children will succeed )or no complement, but it cannot take a PP complement with of .hopeful, Adj, _____(that S)
29 d. Robert is fond that his children love animals d. Robert is fond that his children love animals. The adjective fond allows a PP complement with of, but cannot take a sentential complement.fond, Adj, ____ PP[of]e. The children laughed the man. Like weep, the verb laugh is intransitive and may not take a direct object; however, unlike weep, laugh allows a PP with at.laugh, V, ____(PP)[at]