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Poetry Terms.

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Presentation on theme: "Poetry Terms."— Presentation transcript:

1 Poetry Terms

2 Stanza A group of lines in a poem Considered a unit
Separated by spaces

3 Figurative Language Writing that is not meant to be interpreted literally Creates vivid impressions by comparing dissimilar things Ex: metaphors, similes, personifications Example: The people that I love the best jump into work head first, Without dallying in the shallows.

4 Metaphor A figure of speech in which one thing is spoken of as though it were something else Implies comparison Example: Juliet is the sun.

5 Simile A figure of speech that uses like or as to compare 2 unlike ideas Examples: John is as red as a beet. Claire is as flighty as a sparrow.

6 Personification The use of figurative language in which a nonhuman subject is given human characteristics Example: the cry of the guitar the laughter of the hyenas

7 Onomatopoeia The use of words that imitate sounds
Examples: whirl, thud, sizzle, hiss

8 Tone The writer’s attitude toward the Examples: formal or informal
readers and the subject Examples: formal or informal serious or playful bitter or ironic sympathetic grieving

9 Imagery The use of descriptive or figurative language to appeal to the reader’s senses. Creates word pictures (images) Uses details of sight, sound, taste, touch, smell, or movement Example: hearing ghostly marching on pavement stones

10 Assonance The repetition of vowel sounds followed by different consonants in 2 or more stressed syllables Example: “weak and weary”

11 Speaker The imaginary voice assumed by the writer of a poem.
Often not identified by name May be person, animal, thing, or abstraction Ex: Dickinson as dead person

12 Alliteration The repetition of beginning consonant sounds
Emphasizes words, imitates sounds, creates musical effects Example: I grew like a thin, stubborn weed, watering myself whatever way I could.

13 Allusion A reference to a well-known person, place, event, literary work or work of art Example of biblical allusion: “The Magi were wise men who brought gifts to the Babe in the manger.”

14 Connotation This refers to the set of ideas associated with a word in addition to its dictionary meaning Example: Dunbar’s “caged bird” connotes sad, trapped creature Example: “previously owned vehicle” instead of “used car”

15 Denotation The dictionary meaning of a word
Independent of other associations Example: lake Denotes inland body of water Connotes vacation or fishing spot

16 Rhyme The repetition of sounds at the ends of words
Example: Poe: “Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered/ weak and weary.”

17 Symbol A sign, word, phrase, image, or other object that stands for or represents something else Object has own meaning but represents abstract ideas Examples: Flag symbolizes country Scarlet ibis symbolizes Doodle and other people who struggle

18 Repetition Use of any language element – a sound, word, phrase, clause, or sentence – more than once Used for musical effects and for emphasis Examples: alliteration, assonance, rhyme, rhythm repeat sounds Refrain repeats line or lines

19 Refrain Regularly repeated line or group of lines
Seen in songs often (the chorus)

20 Rhythm The pattern of beats or stresses in language
Some poems have a specific pattern or meter Example: There was a young lady named bright Whose speed was far faster than light Prose and free verse use natural rhythms of everyday speech

21 Fixed Form These are stanzas with a repeated or predictable pattern
Words in each stanza may rhyme or sound alike The length and rhythm of the stanzas are related The number of syllables in a line can be fixed

22 Free Form or Free Verse Lacks structure or pattern Words may not rhyme
Lines do not match in number of syllables, length, or rhythm

23 Lyric Poem This is writing that is musical verse: uses rhythm, alliteration, and rhyme Observations and feelings of 1 speaker Sung with lyre in ancient times

24 Sonnets A fourteen line lyric poem with a theme
Usually written in iambic pentameter Shakespeare wrote some very famous sonnets

25 Narrative Poem This poem tells a story Examples:
“Casey at the Bat”: humorous narrative poem Poe’s “Raven”: serious narrative poem

26 Ballad This is a songlike poem that tells a story
Often adventure and romance Most written in 4 to 6-line stanzas, regular rhythms and rhyme schemes, often a refrain

27 Limerick This is a humorous, rhyming, five-line poem
Specific meter and rhyme scheme

28 Concrete Poem This is a poem with a shape that suggests the subject

29 Haiku 3-line verse form 1st and 3rd lines have 5 syllables
2nd line has 7 syllables Single vivid emotion with images from nature

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