3 Narrative Poetry (tells a story) BalladsSonglike, often deal with adventure & romance4- to 6-line stanzasContain refrainsEpicsLong poems about the deeds of gods or heroes.Example: Homer’s Odyssey
4 Lyric Poetry (short, highly musical verse that expresses thoughts, observations, & feelings of a single speaker)Aphorisms embody general truths or astute observations.Example: “Power tends to corrupt, and absolute power corrupts absolutely” (Lord Acton).Epigrams are short, witty poems dealing with a single subject or observation.Example: “What is an epigram? A dwarfish whole, its body brevity, and wit its soul” (Samuel Coleridge).
5 Elegies are mournful, melancholy or plaintive poems. Limericks consist of 5 lines, in which the 1st , 2nd , and 5th lines rhyme with each other, and the 3rd and 4th lines, which are shorter, form a rhymed couplet.Example: (by Edward Lear)There was an Old Man with a beard,Who said, ‘It is just as I feared!Two Owls and a Hen,Four Larks and a Wren,Have all built their nests in my beard!’Elegies are mournful, melancholy or plaintive poems.Examples: Funeral songs
6 --Example: “Ode to a Grecian Urn” by John Keats Odes are longer poems of a serious nature, and elaborate meter & usually honor a person or subject--Example: “Ode to a Grecian Urn” by John KeatsSonnets are single stanza, 14-line poems with a specific rhythm and meter.Petrarchan/Italian Sonnets consist of an octave which rhymes abbaabba and a sestet which rhymes cdecde .The octave states a theme or asks a question. The sestet comments on or answers the question.Shakespearean/English Sonnets consist of 3 quatrains and a couplet which follows abab cdcd efef gg rhyme scheme.The couplet usually comments on the ideas contained in the preceding 12 lines.
7 Dramatic Poetry (uses techniques of drama and often includes dialogue) Dramatic Dialogues are poems which entail conversations between 2 or more characters.Example: Edgar Allan Poe’s “The Raven”Prologues are introductory poems or parts of a longer work. In traditional Greek dramas prologues were sung by a chorus.Example: Shakespeare’s Prologue in Romeo and JulietDramatic Monologues are poems in which a character addresses a silent listener.Example: Langston Hughes’ “Mother to Son”
8 Other Poetic Forms…Haiku is a 3-line poem about nature, syllables.Villanelle is a 19-line lyric poem in 5, 3-line stanzas & 1, 4-line stanza.Sestina has 6, 6-line stanzas & a 3-line conclusion.Found Poetry takes lines, phrases, & words from other sources & reframing it as a poem by reordering the lines & making changes to spacing.Prose Poetry departs from the practices of normal prose to heighten imagery or for an emotional effect.