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Forms and Types of SLC Ms. Mandel & Ms. McG.

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Presentation on theme: "Forms and Types of SLC Ms. Mandel & Ms. McG."— Presentation transcript:

1 Forms and Types of SLC Ms. Mandel & Ms. McG

2 Why are the forms interlocked?

3 Narrative Poetry (tells a story)
Ballads Songlike, often deal with adventure & romance 4- to 6-line stanzas Contain refrains Epics Long poems about the deeds of gods or heroes. Example: Homer’s Odyssey

4 Lyric Poetry (short, highly musical verse that expresses thoughts, observations, & feelings of a single speaker) Aphorisms embody general truths or astute observations. Example: “Power tends to corrupt, and absolute power corrupts absolutely” (Lord Acton). Epigrams are short, witty poems dealing with a single subject or observation. Example: “What is an epigram? A dwarfish whole, its body brevity, and wit its soul” (Samuel Coleridge).

5 Elegies are mournful, melancholy or plaintive poems.
Limericks consist of 5 lines, in which the 1st , 2nd , and 5th lines rhyme with each other, and the 3rd and 4th lines, which are shorter, form a rhymed couplet. Example: (by Edward Lear) There was an Old Man with a beard, Who said, ‘It is just as I feared! Two Owls and a Hen, Four Larks and a Wren, Have all built their nests in my beard!’ Elegies are mournful, melancholy or plaintive poems. Examples: Funeral songs

6 --Example: “Ode to a Grecian Urn” by John Keats
Odes are longer poems of a serious nature, and elaborate meter & usually honor a person or subject --Example: “Ode to a Grecian Urn” by John Keats Sonnets are single stanza, 14-line poems with a specific rhythm and meter. Petrarchan/Italian Sonnets consist of an octave which rhymes abbaabba and a sestet which rhymes cdecde . The octave states a theme or asks a question. The sestet comments on or answers the question. Shakespearean/English Sonnets consist of 3 quatrains and a couplet which follows abab cdcd efef gg rhyme scheme. The couplet usually comments on the ideas contained in the preceding 12 lines.

7 Dramatic Poetry (uses techniques of drama and often includes dialogue)
Dramatic Dialogues are poems which entail conversations between 2 or more characters. Example: Edgar Allan Poe’s “The Raven” Prologues are introductory poems or parts of a longer work. In traditional Greek dramas prologues were sung by a chorus. Example: Shakespeare’s Prologue in Romeo and Juliet Dramatic Monologues are poems in which a character addresses a silent listener. Example: Langston Hughes’ “Mother to Son”

8 Other Poetic Forms… Haiku is a 3-line poem about nature, syllables. Villanelle is a 19-line lyric poem in 5, 3-line stanzas & 1, 4-line stanza. Sestina has 6, 6-line stanzas & a 3-line conclusion. Found Poetry takes lines, phrases, & words from other sources & reframing it as a poem by reordering the lines & making changes to spacing. Prose Poetry departs from the practices of normal prose to heighten imagery or for an emotional effect.

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