1 OTHELLO – ESSAY assessment task #2 How to prepare?Where to start?What process should you follow?…what does it all mean???
2 Interest viewersAbsorb scholarsGrab and keep attentionFascinate actorsIntrigue criticsCaptivate directorsLastsEnduresAlwaysPersistsCarries onTheatrical handling…Powerful dealing-with…Gripping investigation…Profound exploration…ImportanceMeaning ofImpact ofNature ofPower ofESSAY QUESTION:‘Shakespeare’s OTHELLO continues to engage audiences through its dramatic treatment of the significance of loyalty* and disillusionment*.’In the context of Module B, to what extent does this statement resonate with your critical analysis* and interpretation of OTHELLO?In your response, make detailed textual reference to the Shakespeare’s play and various interpretations and productions of the play script.Match withEcho withRing true withAgree withSupportFollowUnderstandingReadingVersionExplorationEvaluationHow much?How little?To what degree?To what level?Technical analysis of text
3 OTHELLO – according to Module B __________________________________________demonstrate an informed understanding of the ideas expressed in the textevaluate the text’s language, content and constructionorganise, develop and express ideas using language appropriate to audience, purpose and form
4 Loyalty? Loyalty – synonyms: Faithfulness DevotionAllegianceTrustworthinessHonestyAntonyms:TreacheryBetrayalFicklenessPerfidyinfidelityLoyalty is a social and cultural valueWhat IS the nature of loyalty:In Elizabethan England?In other cultures, times and places?Between work colleagues?Between lovers?Between family members?Between women?Between men?Between employer and employee?Among members of the same social group?
5 Disillusionment? Disillusionment is a human emotion / feeling. Disillusionment– synonyms:DisappointmentCynicismLet-downDisenchantedJadedDoubtContemptPessimismScornAntonyms:SatisfactionFulfillmentEnjoymentPleasureDelightOptimismWhat are the causes of Disillusionment?What are the various manifestations of Disillusionment?What makes people “act” on their Disillusionment in different ways?
7 Writing of the PlayOthello: This play was probably written in 1601 (for Elizabeth), a little past the middle of Shakespeare's career (he was 40).Performed at the royal courtChristmas season of 1604when command performances of entertainments for the king and courtiers were customary.That means it had probably already been a success.
8 Social and culture values of Venice Venice is a Catholic city.In Europe, its senate is a symbol for REASON, ORDER, LAW (Catholic law)Also had a reputation as the “pleasure capital”, immoralA city-state of enormous mercantile wealth, (wealth from trade; major sea port)Venice in Shakespeare's time was a byword for luxury and culture and was also famous for its Judicial systemIts trade was partially choked off by the growing power of the Turkish empire in the 16th century, which extended into Europe as well as Asia and Arabia. Hence the importance of Cyprus.
9 Venice is a symbol for order… and Turkey is a symbol for barbarianism… so Cyprus is somewhere in-betweenIt’s an island amidst a raging sea, close to the enemyLess reason/logic here – a lack of the power of Venetian social and cultural values.On Cyprus, the characters are in a “social and cultural vacuum” in which they must (individually) take sole control of their own moral compass and their emotional responses.
10 Destructive nature of Jealousy Being an outsider The play’s enduring appeal is in it’s dramatic treatment of the significance of a variety of human experiences, such as:Destructive nature of JealousyIago jealous of Cassio’s positionOthello suspecting Desdemona’s unfaithfulnessBeing an outsiderPrejudice against OthelloSkin colorBlack & White ImageryFrom Africa, not VeniceWarrior rather than courtier and politicianUnfamiliar with societal conventionsDealt mainly with men and battle, not women and loveImportance of Honour and ReputationCassioDesdemona
11 Appearance Versus Reality The play’s enduring appeal is in it’s dramatic treatment of the significance of a variety of human experiences, such as:Appearance Versus Reality“Honest Iago”Desdemona & CassioLoyalty Versus TreacheryThe ones Othello believes are treacherous are actually loyalCassioDesdemonaRole of EmiliaWith her husbandWith Desdemona
12 The play’s enduring appeal is in it’s dramatic treatment of the significance of a variety of human experiences, such as:ENVYBETRAYALCORRUPTION OF MORAL ORDER (Coveting thy neighbour’s wife – breakdown of military and social hierarchy)HONESTYTRUSTBLIND AMBITIONINNOCENCE DESTROYEDPASSION - obsession (as a destructive force)
13 The role of women. Gender divisions The role of women? Gender divisions? Have the values and attitudes surrounding women changed in 400 years?